Portal:Gymnastics

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Introduction

Daniele Hypólito on the balance beam at the 2007 Pan American Games

Gymnastics is a sport that requires balance, strength, flexibility, agility, coordination and endurance. The movements involved in gymnastics contribute to the development of the arms, legs, shoulders, back, chest and abdominal muscle groups. Alertness, precision, daring, self-confidence and self-discipline are mental traits that can also be developed through gymnastics. Gymnastics evolved from exercises used by the ancient Greeks that included skills for mounting and dismounting a horse, and from circus performance skills.

Most forms of competitive gymnastics events are governed by the Fédération Internationale de Gymnastique (FIG). Each country has its own national governing body (BIW) affiliated to FIG. Competitive artistic gymnastics is the best known of the gymnastic events. It typically involves the women's events of vault, uneven bars, balance beam and floor exercise as well as the men's events of floor exercise, pommel horse, still rings, vault, parallel bars and horizontal bar.

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Acro-tcd.JPG
Acrobatic gymnastics is a competitive sport involving gymnastics and acrobatics that is choreographed and rated by judges. There are five types of events (women's and men's pairs, women's and men's group, involving three and four partners respectively, and mixed pairs). The sport combines dance, tumbling and partnering skills that involves dynamic (aerial) and balance (posed) movements.

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Alicia Sacramone performs on the balance beam at the 2008 U.S. National Championships in Boston, MA.
Alicia Marie Sacramone (born December 3, 1987) is an American retired artistic gymnast. Sacramone began gymnastics at the age of eight, started competing in the elite ranks in 2002, and joined the U.S. national team in 2003. At the USA Gymnastics National Championships from 2004 to 2008, she won twelve medals, including four golds on vault and two golds on floor exercise. At the World Championships from 2005 to 2007, she won seven medals, including a floor exercise gold in 2005 and a team gold in 2007. At the 2008 Beijing Olympics, she won a team silver medal. In 2010, Sacramone made a comeback by winning the National Championship on vault. Later in 2010 at the World Championships, she won the world title on vault as well. Her gold gave her a total of nine medals overall, joining Shannon Miller and Nastia Liukin as the U.S. athletes with the most medals at the gymnastics world championships, until the US team won gold in the team finals at the 2011 World Championships. Though she was injured and could not compete, she still received a medal as an official member of the U.S. team, earning her tenth world medal and making her the most decorated U.S. gymnast in the history of the World Championships. Sacramone was noteworthy for supportive leadership of her teammates as well as outspoken remarks in interviews.

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