Portal:Guinea-Bissau

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Guinea-Bissau

Flag of Guinea Bissau
Coat of Arms of Guinea Bissau
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The Republic of Guinea-Bissau (/ˈɡɪni bɪˈs/; Portuguese: República da Guiné-Bissau, pronounced [ʁɛˈpublikɐ dɐ ɡiˈnɛ biˈsau]) is located in West Africa. It is bordered by Senegal to the north, and Guinea to the south and east, with the Atlantic Ocean to its west.

It covers nearly 37,000 square kilometres (14,000 sq mi) with an estimated population of 1,600,000. Formerly the Portuguese colony of Portuguese Guinea, upon independence, the name of its capital, Bissau, was added to the country's name to prevent confusion with the Republic of Guinea. The country's per-capita gross domestic product is one of the lowest in the world.

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People on the streets of Guinea-Bissau
A typical scene of people on the streets of Guinea-Bissau.

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Least developed country (LDC) is the name given to a country which, according to the United Nations, exhibits the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world.

Countries may "graduate" out of the LDC classification when indicators exceed these criteria. The United Nations Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States coordinates UN support and provides advocacy services for Least Developed Countries.

The classification currently (as of 29 January 2009) applies to 49 countries. In 2007, the United Nations graduated Cape Verde from the category of Least Developed Countries, only the second time it has happened to any country. The first country to graduate from LDC status was Botswana in 1994. Samoa may become the third country to graduate, with a decision on this issue initially scheduled for 2008. As of February 2009, the decision on Samoa's status was still "pending". (Read more...)

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The Hauptbahnhof Briefmarke of Guinea-Bissau
The Hauptbahnhof Briefmarke of Guinea-Bissau.

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  • ...Of all localities on the Western African coast - where oil now is found in one country after the other - the geological formations off Guinea-Bissau have been denominated the most promising. Guinea-Bissau's offshore areas are considered under-explored as exploration efforts repeatedly have been interrupted by political crises.[1]

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  1. ^ http://www.afrol.com/articles/10754
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