Portal:Guinea-Bissau

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Guinea-Bissau

Flag of Guinea Bissau
Coat of Arms of Guinea Bissau
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The Republic of Guinea-Bissau (/ˈɡɪni bɪˈs/; Portuguese: República da Guiné-Bissau, pronounced [ʁɛˈpublikɐ dɐ ɡiˈnɛ biˈsau]) is located in West Africa. It is bordered by Senegal to the north, and Guinea to the south and east, with the Atlantic Ocean to its west.

It covers nearly 37,000 square kilometres (14,000 sq mi) with an estimated population of 1,600,000. Formerly the Portuguese colony of Portuguese Guinea, upon independence, the name of its capital, Bissau, was added to the country's name to prevent confusion with the Republic of Guinea. The country's per-capita gross domestic product is one of the lowest in the world.

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People on the streets of Guinea-Bissau
A typical scene of people on the streets of Guinea-Bissau.

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Balafoon.jpg

The balafon (bala, balaphone) is a resonated frame, wooden keyed percussion idiophone of West Africa; part of the idiophone family of tuned percussion instruments that includes the xylophone, marimba, glockenspiel, and the vibraphone. Sound is produced by striking the tuned keys with two padded sticks.

Believed to have been developed independently of the Southern African and South American instruments now called the marimba, oral histories of the balafon date it to at least the rise of the Mali Empire in the 12th century CE. Balafon is a Manding name, but variations exist across West Africa, including the balangi in Sierra Leone and the gyil of the Dagaaba, Lobi and Gurunsi from Ghana, Burkina Faso and Côte d'Ivoire. similar instruments are played in parts of Central Africa, with the ancient Kingdom of Kongo denoting the instrument as palaku. (Read more...)

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General Batista Tagme Na Waie, also transliterated as Batista Tagme Na Wai (1949 – March 1, 2009) was chief of staff of the army of Guinea-Bissau until his assassination in 2009.

Na Waie was born in Catió. A participant in the junta that overthrew João Bernardo Vieira in the 1990s and a veteran of the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence, Na Waie was a member of the Balanta ethnic group. He had been appointed chief of staff as the result of the October 2004 murder of his predecessor, Veríssimo Correia Seabra; IRIN has described him as a "consensus figure put forward by the military establishment which the government felt forced to accept".

A "bitter rival" of Vieira, both before the junta (having survived Vieira's purges of the Guinea-Bissau military in the 1980s) and after Vieira's return to power, Na Waie reported surviving an assassination attempt in January 2009, when a militia assigned to the presidential palace opened fire on his staff car; the militia denied that this had been an assassination attempt.

On March 1, 2009, Na Waie was killed by an explosion in the headquarters of the Guinea-Bissau military. While witnesses reported seeing a rocket-propelled grenade, aides to Na Waie reported that a bomb was detonated under a staircase as Na Waie was heading to his office.

(Read more...)

In the news

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  • May 26: South African cricketer AB de Villiers announces international retirement
  • May 22: Commonwealth confirms receiving Zimbabwe's application to rejoin the bloc
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The Hauptbahnhof Briefmarke of Guinea-Bissau
The Hauptbahnhof Briefmarke of Guinea-Bissau.

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  • ...Of all localities on the Western African coast - where oil now is found in one country after the other - the geological formations off Guinea-Bissau have been denominated the most promising. Guinea-Bissau's offshore areas are considered under-explored as exploration efforts repeatedly have been interrupted by political crises.[1]

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  1. ^ http://www.afrol.com/articles/10754
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