Portal:Greater Manchester

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The Greater Manchester Portal

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Greater Manchester is a metropolitan county in North West England, with a population of 2,782,100. It encompasses one of the largest metropolitan areas in the United Kingdom and comprises ten metropolitan boroughs: Bolton, Bury, Oldham, Rochdale, Stockport, Tameside, Trafford, Wigan, and the cities of Manchester and Salford. Greater Manchester was created on 1 April 1974 as a result of the Local Government Act 1972; and designated a City Region on 1 April 2011.

Greater Manchester spans 493 square miles (1,277 km2), which roughly covers the territory of the Greater Manchester Built-up Area, the second most populous urban area in the UK. It is landlocked and borders Cheshire (to the south-west and south), Derbyshire (to the south-east), West Yorkshire (to the north-east), Lancashire (to the north) and Merseyside (to the west). There is a mix of high-density urban areas, suburbs, semi-rural and rural locations in Greater Manchester, but land use is mostly urban — the product of concentric urbanisation and industrialisation which occurred mostly during the 19th century when the region flourished as the global centre of the cotton industry. It has a focused central business district, formed by Manchester city centre and the adjoining parts of Salford and Trafford, but Greater Manchester is also a polycentric county with ten metropolitan districts, each of which has at least one major town centre and outlying suburbs.

For the 12 years following 1974 the county had a two-tier system of local government; district councils shared power with the Greater Manchester County Council. The county council was abolished in 1986, and so its districts (the metropolitan boroughs) effectively became unitary authority areas. However, the metropolitan county has continued to exist in law and as a geographic frame of reference, and as a ceremonial county, has a Lord Lieutenant and a High Sheriff. Several county-wide services were co-ordinated through the Association of Greater Manchester Authorities until April 2011, when the Greater Manchester Combined Authority was established as the strategic county-wide authority for Greater Manchester, taking on functions and responsibilities for economic development, regeneration and transport. A further devolution of powers to Greater Manchester took place upon the election Andy Burnham as the inaugural Mayor of Greater Manchester on 4 May 2017.

Before the creation of the metropolitan county, the name SELNEC was used for the area, from the initials of "South East Lancashire North East Cheshire". Greater Manchester is an amalgamation of 70 former local government districts from the former administrative counties of Lancashire, Cheshire, the West Riding of Yorkshire and eight independent county boroughs. Since deindustrialisation in the mid-20th century, Greater Manchester has become known as an exporter of media and digital content, for its guitar and dance music and football clubs.

Selected article

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Shaw and Crompton is a town and civil parish within the Metropolitan Borough of Oldham, in Greater Manchester, and is regularly referred to as Shaw. Crompton (as it was originally known) has provided evidence of ancient British and Anglian activity in the area. During the Middle Ages, Crompton formed a small township with weak local lordship, and so it failed to emerge as a manor with its own lord and court. Farming was the main industry of this area, with locals supplementing their incomes by hand-loom woollen weaving in the domestic system.

The introduction of textile manufacture initiated a process of rapid and unplanned urbanisation. A building boom began in Crompton during the mid-19th century, when suitable land in Oldham was becoming scarce. By the late-19th century Crompton had emerged as a densely populated mill town. At its spinning zenith, Shaw and Crompton was reported to have had more millionaires per capita than any other town in the world. Imports of foreign cotton goods began the decline in the region's textile industry during the mid-20th century; Shaw and Crompton's last mill closed in 1989. Today, Shaw and Crompton is a predominantly residential area of mixed affluence with a population of 21,721.

Selected biography

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Oasis are an English rock band that formed in Manchester in 1991. They have sold more than 50 million records worldwide, have had eight UK number-one singles and have collected 15 NME Awards, 5 Brit Awards and 9 Q awards.

The band initially gained prominence performing on the Manchester club circuit. They were signed to independent record label Creation Records and afterwards released their debut album Definitely Maybe in 1994. The following year, the band recorded (What's the Story) Morning Glory?, and at the height of their fame, Oasis released their third album, Be Here Now (1997). It became the fastest-selling album in UK chart history, but lost much of its long-term appeal after the initial hype. The band suffered a notable decline in popularity in America and lost three long-time members between recording and releasing Standing on the Shoulder of Giants (2000) and Heathen Chemistry (2002).

Their sixth album Don't Believe the Truth (2005), despite turbulent recording, became their best-selling and best-received album in a decade. In February 2007, Oasis received the BRIT Award for outstanding contribution to music. Dig Out Your Soul, the seventh studio album by the band, is set to be released on October 6, 2008.

Selected picture

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Baguley Hall, a 14th century timber framed hall in Baguley which is also Grade I listed building and a Scheduled Ancient Monument.

Photo credit: Roger May

Boroughs

Greater Manchester in the news

  • August 6: Wayne Rooney likely to miss opening match of English Premier League
  • July 10: UK mathematician Nick Higham wins Fröhlich Prize
  • June 29: Bobby Charlton launches anti-landmine campaign

Did you know?

Categories

WikiProject

Topics

Cities and major towns: AltrinchamAshton-under-LyneBoltonManchesterOldhamRochdaleSalfordStalybridgeStockportStretfordWigan

Culture: Bands from ManchesterGay VillageThe HalléMadchesterThe LowryManchester Art GalleryManchester City F.CManchester International FestivalManchester United F.C.Music of ManchesterRoyal Exchange Theatre

Education: List of SchoolsManchester Metropolitan UniversityRoyal Northern College of MusicUniversity of BoltonUniversity of ManchesterUniversity of Salford

History: MamuciumHundred of SalfordPeterloo MassacreCottonopolisManchester BlitzMunich air disasterRedcliffe-Maud Report1996 Manchester bombingXVII Commonwealth GamesHistory of Manchester

People: People from BoltonPeople from ManchesterPeople from OldhamPeople from Stockport

Governance: Civil parishes in Greater ManchesterConstituencies in Greater ManchesterGreater Manchester County CouncilHigh Sheriff of Greater ManchesterPolitics in Manchester

Featured Content

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Featured articles: AltrinchamBert TrautmannChat MossCity of Manchester StadiumDuncan EdwardsEmmeline PankhurstGreater ManchesterJoy DivisionM62 motorwayManchesterManchester, Bolton and Bury CanalManchester City F.C.Manchester Small-Scale Experimental MachinePeterloo MassacreOldhamScout Moor Wind FarmShaw and CromptonStretfordTrafford

Featured lists: Castles in Greater ManchesterGrade I listed buildings in Greater ManchesterList of Manchester City F.C. managersList of Manchester United F.C. managersList of Manchester United F.C. records and statisticsList of Manchester United F.C. seasonsList of Manchester United F.C. playersList of Manchester United F.C. players (25–99 appearances)List of Manchester United F.C. players (fewer than 25 appearances)List of railway stations in Greater ManchesterList of Sites of Special Scientific Interest in Greater ManchesterList of tallest buildings and structures in ManchesterList of tallest buildings and structures in SalfordManchester City F.C. seasons

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Good articles: 1990 Strangeways Prison riotAlan TuringAshton-under-LyneB of the BangBank Street (stadium)Bridgewater CanalBuckton CastleCastleshaw Roman fortChaddertonCine City, WithingtonCity of SalfordControversy over the usage of Manchester Cathedral in Resistance: Fall of ManDavid BeckhamDidsburyDunham MasseyHale BarnsHenry Taylor (swimmer)Hugh MasonHulme Arch BridgeHyde RoadMamuciumManchester and Bolton RailwayManchester LinersManchester MummyManchester Small-Scale Experimental MachineManchester United F.C.MilnrowMurrays' MillsNico DitchNoel GallagherNorth Road (stadium)Ordsall HallOld TraffordOasis (band)Radcliffe, Greater ManchesterRiver IrwellRonnie WallworkRoytonSale, Greater ManchesterTamesideTrafford ParkUpper Brook Street Chapel, ManchesterUrmstonWarburton, Greater Manchester

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