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Gilgit-Baltistan (Urdu: گلگت - بلتستان‬, Balti: གིལྒིཏ་བལྟིསྟན, formerly known as the Northern Areas (Urdu: شمالی علاقہ جات‎, Shumālī Ilāqe Jāt)),is the northernmost territory of Pakistan. It borders Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province to the west, Afghanistan's Wakhan Corridor to the north, China to the east and northeast, the Pakistani-controlled state of Azad Jammu and Kashmir to the southwest, and the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir to the southeast. Internationally the region together with Azad Jammu and Kashmir and the Indian-administered state of Jammu and Kashmir, is claimed to be part of the disputed Kashmir region, which has been the subject of conflict between India and Pakistan ever since the two countries' independence and partition in 1947.

Gilgit-Baltistan covers an area of 72,971 km² (28,174 mi²) and is highly mountainous. It has an estimated population approaching 1,000,000. Its administrative center is the city of Gilgit (population 216,760).More ...

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Gilgit, Pakistan

Gilgit (Urdu, Shina: گلگت‬) is the capital city of Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan. Gilgit-Baltistan, formerly known as the Northern Areas, consists of seven districts, namely, Gilgit, Skardu, Diamer, Ghizer, Astore, Ghanche, and Hunza-Nagar. The dominant tribe of Gilgit-Baltistan is the Shin, and Shina is the language spoken by the majority of the population all the way from Ghizer in Gilgit-Baltistan to Kohistan in Pakistan's Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province. The town of Gilgit forms a tehsil of Gilgit within Gilgit District. Its ancient name was Sargin, later to be known as Gilit, and it is still called Gilit or Sargin-Gilit by local people. In the Burushaski language, it is named Geelt and in Wakhi and Khowar it is called Gilt. Ghallata is considered its name in ancient Sanskrit literature. The town of Gilgit is one of two major hubs in Gilgit-Baltistan for mountaineering expeditions to the Karakoram and to other peaks in the Himalayas, with the other hub being Skardu. (More...)

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Malika Jawahir Khatun locally known as Dadi Jawari was a 17-century female ruler of Gilgit. She is remembered as the first female ruler in male-dominated society and for her gift of irrigation system, included two canals for drinking water and agrarian purpose. She ruled Gilgit from 1630 till 1660.

Water Channels Built by Dadi Jawari consist of two wide canals known as Ajini Daljah (upper canal) and Kherini Daljah (lower channel). The channels supplied water to agricultural lands in the outskirts what is now Barmas, Nagral, Majini Mohallah, Soni Kot and Kashrote. The channels also helped cultivate the barren lands in peripheries to form new settlements as in earlier times the vernacular settlements were confined to Barmas, Jutial and Napoor. Dadi Juwari had to hire labor from the neighbouring Darrel valley (located in today’s Diamer district) when her subjects or the citizens of the Gilgit refused to take part in the construction of the water channels.

Dadi also built roads in her dominion and undertook various welfare measures to ease the lives of her people. (More...)

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Buddha at Kargah in outskirts of Gilgit city

Kargah Buddha is an archaeological site in Gilgit, Gilgit-Baltistan. It is the carved image of Buddha, the carving was carried out in the seventh century in a monastery. It is located near Kargah Nallah, a ravine and is 10 kilometres from Gilgit Town, Gilgit, Pakistan.



Wikipedia in local languages

Urdu edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pashto edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Persian edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Western Punjabi edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sindh edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Khowar Wikipedia Incubator Project in the Language of Gilgit-Baltistan.

Districts of Gilgit-Baltistan

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Panorama of Sheosar Lake, Deosai National Park, Skardu, Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan.jpg
Credit: Ishtiaq
A view of the Sheosar lake Skardu.
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