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Portal:Florida

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Florida's location within the United States

Florida /ˈflɒrɪdə/ is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Most of the state is a large peninsula with the Gulf of Mexico on its west and the Atlantic Ocean on its east. Much of the state has a humid subtropical climate; southern Florida has a tropical climate. Florida was named by Juan Ponce de León, who landed on the peninsula on 2 April 1513, during Pascua Florida (Spanish for "Flowery Easter," referring to the Easter season). Florida is the third most populous state in the country.

Archaeological research indicates that Florida had been inhabited for thousands of years before any European settlements. Of the many indigenous peoples, the largest known were the Ais, the Apalachee, the Calusa, the Timucua and the Tocobago tribes. Juan Ponce de León, a Spanish conquistador, named Florida in honor of his discovery of the land on April 2, 1513, during Pascua Florida, a Spanish term for the Easter season (Juan Ponce de León may not have been the first European to reach Florida; according to one report, at least one indigenous tribesman who he encountered in Florida in 1513 spoke Spanish.) From that date forward, the land became known as "La Florida" , although from 1630 until the 19th century Tegesta (after the Tequesta tribe) was the name of choice for the Florida peninsula following publication of a map by the Dutch cartographer Hessel Gerritsz in Joannes de Laet's History of the New World. Over the following century, both the Spanish and French established settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Spanish Pensacola was established by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano as the first European settlement in the continental United States, but it had become abandoned by 1561 and would not be reinhabited until the 1690s. French Huguenots founded Fort Caroline in modern-day Jacksonville in 1564, but the fort was conquered by Spanish forces from St. Augustine the following year.

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Bamboo corals on Miami Terrace Reef
The Miami Terrace Reef is a coral reef off the coast of Florida stretching from South Miami to Boca Raton, in the Atlantic Ocean. It lies in depths of 650 to 2,000 feet (200 to 600 meters) on top of a geological formation known as the Miami Terrace, a 65 km long shelf about 15 miles off shore. Much of the platform remains unexplored, and new portions of the reef are still being discovered. University of Miami researchers discovered new reef sites there in December 2005.

The terrace consists of long and well-defined rocky ridges made of limestone that provide a habitat for many types of corals, sponges, and fish. Fish species observed there include wreckfish, barrelfish, and bright red alphonsinos. Recently observed intertebrate species have included Lophelia pertusa coral, stylasterine hydrocoral (Stylasteridae), bamboo coral (Isididae), and various sponges and octocorals. Motile invertebrates such as crabs and urchins have also been observed there, including Asteroporpa sp. ophiuroids, Stylocidaris sp. urchins, Mollusca, Actiniaria, and Decapoda crustaceans (Chaceon fenneri and Galatheidae.)

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TPC at Sawgrass
Credit: Craig O' Neal

The TPC at Sawgrass is a well-known golf course in Ponte Vedra Beach, Florida, and was the inaugural Tournament Players Club. Sawgrass has two courses, the Stadium Course and the Valley Course, and is also home to the PGA Tour's headquarters. The Stadium Course at the TPC at Sawgrass is home to The PLAYERS Championship, the PGA Tour's flagship event, and is widely regarded as one of the toughest golf courses in the world

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Jeordie White performing
Jeordie Osborne White (born June 20, 1971), also known by his pseudonym Twiggy Ramirez (derived from Twiggy, a fashion icon, and Richard Ramirez, a convicted serial killer) is a musician and currently a multi-instrumentalist and vocalist for Goon Moon. He was previously the bassist for A Perfect Circle and Nine Inch Nails (live only). He is also long-time bassist for Marilyn Manson (1993-2002; 2008-present). He has also contributed to the famed Desert Sessions recordings.

Though born in New Jersey, White moved to Florida at an unknown time during his childhood where, by his own admission, he grew up on "Star Wars and heavy metal." He has three younger brothers, Westly, Dustin, and Ayden. His mother Dana was formerly a cage dancer for such bands as the Ramones, giving Jeordie famous musical contact. White has been romantically linked to famous women in music such as Courtney Love and Jessicka of Jack Off Jill and later of Scarling. Often referred to as the male Kinderwhore, White adopted his "Twiggy Ramirez" look from his relationship with then girlfriend Jessicka and a desire to ridicule Courtney Love.

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The Four Seasons Hotel Miami

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Corrine Brown
I represent central Florida, which depends on tourists for its economic survival. We need people to be able to get to the State and enjoy it.
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The Seven Mile Bridge, as seen from the Ohio Keys
Credit: Averette

The Seven Mile Bridge, in the Florida Keys, runs over a channel between the Gulf of Mexico and the Florida Strait, connecting Knight's Key (the location of the city of Marathon, Florida) in the Middle Keys to Little Duck Key in the Lower Keys. Among the longest bridges in existence when it was built, it is one of the many bridges on US 1 in the Keys, where the road is called the Overseas Highway.

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1928 Okeechobee HurricaneWilliam CooleyDraining and development of the EvergladesEverglades National ParkFlorida Atlantic UniversityGeography and ecology of the EvergladesHistory of Miami, FloridaHogwarts Express (Universal Orlando Resort)Indigenous people of the Everglades regionList of Florida birdsList of Florida hurricanesList of sister cities in FloridaList of snow events in FloridaList of wild mammal species of FloridaMarjory Stoneman DouglasRoman Catholic Archdiocese of MiamiRestoration of the EvergladesRosewood massacreSci-Fi Dine-In Theater RestaurantTropical Storm Keith (1988)Walt Disney World Railroad

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Against All Odds (2005)Mary McLeod BethuneBrothers to the RescueBurger KingCasey Donovan (porn star)Expedition EverestFlorida International UniversityFlorida State UniversityFort Lauderdale, FloridaHurricane CharleyHurricane IvanKey BiscayneManta (SeaWorld Orlando)Miami River (Florida)Osborne ReefPort Charlotte High SchoolShawn LonsdaleSuper Bowl XLITest TrackUniversity of Central FloridaThe Wizarding World of Harry Potter (Universal Orlando Resort)More...

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Counties: AlachuaBakerBayBradfordBrevardBrowardCalhounCharlotteCitrusClayCollierColumbiaDeSotoDixieDuvalEscambiaFlaglerFranklinGadsenGilchristGladesGulHamiltonHardeeHendryHernandoHighlandsHillsboroughHolmesIndian RiverJacksonJeffersonLafayetteLakeLeeLeonLevyLibertyMadisonManateeMarionMartinMiami-DadeMonroeNassauOkaloosaOkeechobeeOrangeOsceolaPalm BeachPascoPinellasPolkPutnamSaint JohnsSaint LucieSanta RosaSarasotaSeminoleSumterSuwanneeTaylorUnionVolusiaWakullaWaltonWashington

Regions of Florida: Apalachee ProvinceBig BendCentral FloridaEmerald CoastFirst CoastFlorida HeartlandFlorida KeysFlorida PanhandleFlorida SuncoastFun CoastGold CoastNature CoastNorth Central FloridaNortheast FloridaNorth FloridaRed Hills RegionSouthwest FloridaSpace CoastTampa Bay AreaTreasure Coast

Education in Florida: Broadway Theater ProjectCenter for Research and Education in Optics and LasersCongrès de la Culture Francaise en FlorideDLLIFTCEFlorida Comprehensive Assessment TestFlorida Distance Learning ConsortiumFlorida Literacy Coalition, Inc.Florida Music Educators AssociationHigh School Competency TestSilver Knight AwardsStenotype Institute

Transportation in Florida: Apalachee ParkwayCapital Circle, TallahasseeConners HighwayFlorida Department of TransportationJacksonville Transportation AuthorityJohn Anderson HighwayList of paved Florida bike trailsMiami-Dade Expressway AuthorityNortheast Florida Regional Transportation CommissionOrlando-Orange County Expressway AuthorityPeninsular Land, Transportation and Manufacturing CompanySouth Florida Auto ShowSunPassSunRailTampa Bay Area Regional Transportation AuthorityTampa-Hillsborough Expressway AuthorityVolusia County Public Transit System

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