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Portal:Florida

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Florida's location within the United States

Florida /ˈflɒrɪdə/ is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States. Most of the state is a large peninsula with the Gulf of Mexico on its west and the Atlantic Ocean on its east. Much of the state has a humid subtropical climate; southern Florida has a tropical climate. Florida was named by Juan Ponce de León, who landed on the peninsula on 2 April 1513, during Pascua Florida (Spanish for "Flowery Easter," referring to the Easter season). Florida is the third most populous state in the country.

Archaeological research indicates that Florida had been inhabited for thousands of years before any European settlements. Of the many indigenous peoples, the largest known were the Ais, the Apalachee, the Calusa, the Timucua and the Tocobago tribes. Juan Ponce de León, a Spanish conquistador, named Florida in honor of his discovery of the land on April 2, 1513, during Pascua Florida, a Spanish term for the Easter season (Juan Ponce de León may not have been the first European to reach Florida; according to one report, at least one indigenous tribesman who he encountered in Florida in 1513 spoke Spanish.) From that date forward, the land became known as "La Florida" , although from 1630 until the 19th century Tegesta (after the Tequesta tribe) was the name of choice for the Florida peninsula following publication of a map by the Dutch cartographer Hessel Gerritsz in Joannes de Laet's History of the New World. Over the following century, both the Spanish and French established settlements in Florida, with varying degrees of success. In 1559, Spanish Pensacola was established by Don Tristán de Luna y Arellano as the first European settlement in the continental United States, but it had become abandoned by 1561 and would not be reinhabited until the 1690s. French Huguenots founded Fort Caroline in modern-day Jacksonville in 1564, but the fort was conquered by Spanish forces from St. Augustine the following year.

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Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge
Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge is a United States National Wildlife Refuge located near Vero Beach, Florida. The refuge consists of a 3 acre island that includes an additional 2.5 acres of surrounding water and is located off the east coast of Florida of the Indian River Lagoon. Established by an executive order of President Theodore Roosevelt on March 14, 1903, Pelican Island was the first national wildlife refuge in the United States. It was created to protect egrets and other birds from extinction by plume hunters.

Pelican Island’s bird populations were threatened because of increased American settlement around the area in the mid 1800s. Many of the exotic birds were killed for their feathers, used in the fashion industry. Plumes from the birds were used to adorn ladies' hats of the day and at the time were worth more than their weight in gold. Paul Kroegel, a German immigrant, moved to Florida in 1881 and lived on the west bank of Indian River Lagoon. He was fascinated with the pelicans on the island. Being able to see the island from his home, Paul would watch the pelicans and other water birds. He eventually took an interest in the island and its protection.

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Daytona Beach Bandshell - venue for concerts and other events
Credit: Gamweb

Daytona Beach is a city in Volusia County, Florida, USA. According to 2006 U.S. Census Bureau estimates, the city has a population of 64,421.[1] Daytona Beach is a principal city of the Deltona-Daytona Beach-Ormond Beach, Florida Metropolitan Statistical Area, which the census bureau estimated had a 2006 population of 496,575.

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New River Massacre, a work of Cooley
William Cooley (1783 – 1863) was one of the first American settlers, and a regional leader, in what is now known as Broward County, in the U.S. state of Florida. His family was murdered by Seminoles in 1836, during the Second Seminole War. The attack, known as the "New River Massacre", caused immediate abandonment of the area by whites. Cooley was born in Maryland, but little else is known about his life prior to 1813, when he arrived in East Florida as part of a military expedition. He established himself as a farmer in the northern part of the territory before moving south, where he traded with local Indians and continued to farm. He sided with natives in a land dispute against a merchant who had received a large grant from the King of Spain and was evicting the Indians from their lands. Unhappy with the actions of the Spanish, he moved to the New River area in 1826 to get as far as possible from the Spanish influence.

Did you know?

The Moores Creek Bridge, looking north-east
  • ...that Osceola Parkway, a twelve mile long toll road name was originally intended to be signed as 'State Road 424,' but it was changed, and the road is now known as 'County Road 522'?
  • ...that Paul America, a former American film actor, was killed by a car in Ormond Beach, Florida when walking home from a dental appointment?
  • ...that the Moores Creek Bridge in St. Lucie County, Florida was constructed in 1925 to connect a residential section of Fort Pierce to the downtown and waterfront districts?

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Flag of Florida.svg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Florida, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about Florida.
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Jeb Bush
Florida is a place of unparalleled diversity of backgrounds, experiences and vision. It makes our culture unique, but it can also make it difficult to define a common identity and create a sense of community that reaches beyond our neighborhoods to all corners of our state
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San Felasco Hammock Preserve State Park
Credit: Ebyabe

San Felasco Hammock Preserve State Park is a Florida State Park in Alachua County, Florida. It is located northwest of Gainesville, Florida on CR 232 (Millhopper Road) and off U.S. 441, just south of the town of Alachua. Among the wildlife of the park are bobcats, white-tailed deer, gray foxes, turkeys, and many species of songbirds.

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1928 Okeechobee HurricaneWilliam CooleyFlorida Atlantic UniversityHistory of Miami, FloridaList of Florida birdsList of Florida hurricanesList of sister cities in FloridaList of snow events in FloridaList of wild mammal species of FloridaRoman Catholic Archdiocese of MiamiEverglades National ParkRosewood massacreMarjory Stoneman DouglasRestoration of the EvergladesIndigenous people of the Everglades regionGeography and ecology of the EvergladesDraining and development of the EvergladesTropical Storm Keith (1988)

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Brothers to the RescueBurger KingCasey Donovan (porn star)Florida International UniversityFlorida State UniversityUniversity of Central FloridaFort Lauderdale, FloridaHurricane CharleyHurricane IvanKey BiscayneMiami River (Florida)Osborne ReefSuper Bowl XLIMary McLeod BethuneAgainst All Odds (2005)Key BiscaynePort Charlotte High SchoolShawn LonsdaleMore...

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Counties: AlachuaBakerBayBradfordBrevardBrowardCalhounCharlotteCitrusClayCollierColumbiaDeSotoDixieDuvalEscambiaFlaglerFranklinGadsenGilchristGladesGulHamiltonHardeeHendryHernandoHighlandsHillsboroughHolmesIndian RiverJacksonJeffersonLafayetteLakeLeeLeonLevyLibertyMadisonManateeMarionMartinMiami-DadeMonroeNassauOkaloosaOkeechobeeOrangeOsceolaPalm BeachPascoPinellasPolkPutnamSaint JohnsSaint LucieSanta RosaSarasotaSeminoleSumterSuwanneeTaylorUnionVolusiaWakullaWaltonWashington

Regions of Florida: Apalachee ProvinceBig BendCentral FloridaEmerald CoastFirst CoastFlorida HeartlandFlorida KeysFlorida PanhandleFlorida SuncoastFun CoastGold CoastNature CoastNorth Central FloridaNortheast FloridaNorth FloridaRed Hills RegionSouthwest FloridaSpace CoastTampa Bay AreaTreasure Coast

Education in Florida: Broadway Theater ProjectCenter for Research and Education in Optics and LasersCongrès de la Culture Francaise en FlorideDLLIFTCEFlorida Comprehensive Assessment TestFlorida Distance Learning ConsortiumFlorida Literacy Coalition, Inc.Florida Music Educators AssociationHigh School Competency TestSilver Knight AwardsStenotype Institute

Transportation in Florida: Apalachee ParkwayCapital Circle, TallahasseeConners HighwayFlorida Department of TransportationJacksonville Transportation AuthorityJohn Anderson HighwayList of paved Florida bike trailsMiami-Dade Expressway AuthorityNortheast Florida Regional Transportation CommissionOrlando-Orange County Expressway AuthorityPeninsular Land, Transportation and Manufacturing CompanySouth Florida Auto ShowSunPassSunRailTampa Bay Area Regional Transportation AuthorityTampa-Hillsborough Expressway AuthorityVolusia County Public Transit System

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  1. ^ Cite error: The named reference censuspop was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
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