Portal:Finland

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Flag Coat of arms of Finland.svg
Location of Finland within Europe

The Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the south and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west. Finland has land frontiers with Sweden, Norway and Russia. The Åland Islands, off the southwestern coast, are under Finnish sovereignty while enjoying extensive autonomy. The Finnish name for Finland is Suomi; in Swedish it is Finland.

Finland gained independence from Russia on 6 December 1917. Prior to that, it had been part of the Kingdom of Sweden and an autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland under Imperial Russia. After fighting two wars with the Soviet Union in the mid-20th century, it has grown quickly from a largely agrarian society to one of the world's most developed countries. Finland has a high standard of living, one of the best educational systems in the world, and it has been the birthplace to many technological phenomena such as Nokia, SMS, Linux, Angry Birds and IRC.

Finland has been a member of the European Union since 1995.


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The coat of arms of Finland.

The Coat of Arms of Finland were granted at the burial of Gustav Vasa in 1560 and still remain the arms of the Republic of Finland. The arms were also used as the official symbol of the Grand Duchy of Finland.

The blazon as described in the act on the arms of Finland (381/78) may be translated as follows: "Gules, among nine roses argent, a lion rampant crowned Or, having for its dexter forepaw a human arm armoured, brandishing a sword and in base a falchion fesswise reversed, both of the second hilted of the third."

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Matti Vanhanen 2008.jpg
Photo credit: Johannes Jansson/norden.org
Prime Minister of Finland Matti Vanhanen

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Thomas is the first known Bishop of Finland. Only a few facts remain about his life.

The only reference to Bishop Thomas during his episcopate in Finland is a letter signed by him in Nousiainen in 1234, which granted certain lands around the parish to his chaplain, Wilhelm. The lands may be related to the papal permission from Pope Gregory IX in early 1229 that authorized the church to take over all non-Christian places of worship in Finland. The letter is the first surviving letter ever written in Finland.

No further information on bishop's activities has survived before he was granted resignation by Pope Innocent IV on February 21, 1245. According to the Pope, Thomas had admitted committing several felonies, like torturing a man to death and forging a papal letter. Church representatives to oversee the resignation were the Archbishop of Uppsala and the Dominican prior of the Dacian province. Thomas donated his books to the newly established Dominican convent in Sigtuna and went on to live his last years in the Dominican convent in Visby, Gotland. He died there in 1248, shortly before the Second Swedish Crusade which cemented the Swedish rule in Finland for more than 550 years.

Finland News

Wikinews Finland portal
  • December 31: Helsinki court jails anti-drug chief Jari Aarnio for drug smuggling
  • December 4: Gunman kills official, two journalists in Imatra, Finland
  • October 5: World Wildlife Fund: 75% of seafood species consumed in Singapore not caught sustainably
  • September 1: Biologist Nick Bos tells Wikinews about 'self-medicating' ants
  • November 28: Finland passes law allowing same-sex marriage
  • June 29: Medal-seeking Spanish men arrive at 2014 Goalball World Championships
  • June 26: Belgian men's goalball team departs for Finland for World Championships
  • March 10: Wheelchair curling enters third day at 2014 Winter Paralympics
  • October 9: Japanese adults rank high in literacy and numeracy in OECD survey
  • September 29: Finnish female politicians highlighted by World Bank's 2012 gender report


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Flag of Finland.svg You are invited to participate in Finland WikiProject, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about Finland.

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View of Helsinki
Photo credit: commons:User:Zyance

Panoramic photo shot of Helsinki, Finland.

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