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Portal:Finger Lakes

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New York's Finger Lakes.jpg

The Finger Lakes are a group of 11 long, narrow, roughly north–south lakes in an area called the Finger Lakes region in Central New York, in the United States. It is defined as a bioregion and is a popular tourist destination.

The lakes' shapes reminded early map-makers of human fingers, and the name stuck. They are also characteristic glacial finger lakes. Cayuga (435 feet deep, 133 m) and Seneca (618 feet, 188 m) Lakes are among the deepest in the United States, with bottoms well below sea level. They are also the longest Finger Lakes, though neither's width exceeds 3.5 miles (5.6 km); Seneca Lake is 38.1 miles (61.3 km) long, and 66.9 square miles (173 km2), the largest in total area.

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Seneca Army Depot Barracks
The former Seneca Army Depot occupied 10,587 acres (43 km2) between Seneca Lake and Cayuga Lake in Seneca County New York, USA. It was used as a munitions disposal and munitions storage facility by the United States Army from 1941 until it was announced that it would be decommissioned in the 1990s. Since the Gulf War, the base has been phased out, and it has since been divided into several functions, and this redevelopment continues. The Seneca Army Depot is located between Seneca Lake and Cayuga Lake of the Finger Lakes in New York, southeast of the City of Geneva. The base is in the towns of Varick and Romulus. Adjacent to the storage facility is the Seneca Army Airfield with a long runway, capable of handling large cargo aircraft. The depot was a major employer in the region. It was linked to the outside world by railroad lines and highways (NY-96 and NY-96A), in addition to the airfield.

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Canandaigua, New York
Canandaigua (Utaˀnaráhkhwaˀ in Tuscarora) is a city in Ontario County, New York, USA, of which it is the county seat. The population was 11,264 at the 2000 census. The name Canandaigua is derived from the Iroquois (Haudenosaunee) word "Kanandarque" which means "chosen spot." The City of Canandaigua, the Ontario County seat, is located next to the Town of Canandaigua. Parts of six neighboring towns also share the Canandaigua mailing address and 14424 ZIP code.Sonnenberg Mansion and Gardens, a Victorian mansion and 50 acres (200,000 m²) of gardens, is now a state historic park and is open to the public after payment of an admission fee May through mid-October.

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Chief Red Jacket
Credit: Library of Congress, edited by Durova

A portrait of Red Jacket, a Seneca War Chief

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Eastman Theatre

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Keuka Lake
Keuka Lake is an unusual member of the Finger Lakes because it is Y-shaped instead of long and narrow. Because of its shape, it was referred to in the past as Crooked Lake. Keuka (pronounced: kyoo-ka) means canoe landing in the Iroquois language. Keuka Lake empties into another Finger Lake, Seneca Lake, from a stream, called Keuka Lake Outlet, at the lake's northeastern end in Penn Yan, New York. The stream empties into Seneca Lake at the village of Dresden. At one time the outlet was developed into a canal, the Crooked Lake Canal, connecting the lakes. This canal was developed into a bike trail. The lake is about 20 miles (32 km) long and varies in width from a half mile to two miles (1-3 km). The length of the shoreline is about 60 miles (96 km). It has a surface area of 11,730 acres (47 km²), and a maximum and mean depth of 186 feet (57 m) and 101 feet (31 m) respectively. This body of water possesses large and healthy populations of lake trout, brown trout, rainbow trout, landlocked salmon, smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, and yellow perch. The productive fishery is supported by huge numbers of baitfish, most notably alewives (sawbellies), and is a very popular lake with area fishermen.

Selected biography

Joseph Smith, Jr.
Joseph Smith, Jr. (December 23, 1805 – June 27, 1844) was the founder of the Latter Day Saint movement, also known as Mormonism, and an important religious and political figure in the United States during the 1830s and 1840s. In 1827, Smith began to gather a religious following after announcing that he had discovered and was translating a set of golden plates describing a visit by Jesus to the indigenous peoples of the Americas, near Manchester, New York. He published these in 1830 as the Book of Mormon. The plates' title page indicated the book was to be entitled the Book of Mormon: An account written by the hand of Mormon, upon plates taken from the Plates of Nephi. Translation was completed around July 1, 1829, and the Book of Mormon was published in Palmyra on March 26, 1830, with the financial assistance of Martin Harris. Smith also organized a denomination of restorationist Christianity, began preparing a new Bible translation, and directed followers to the western outpost of Jackson County, Missouri, where he planned to establish a Mormon utopian society.

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