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Portal:Finger Lakes

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Introduction

New York's Finger Lakes.jpg

The Finger Lakes are a group of 11 long, narrow, roughly north–south lakes in an area informally called the Finger Lakes region in Central New York, in the United States. This region straddles the northern and transitional edge, known as the Finger Lakes Uplands and Gorges ecoregion, of the Northern Allegheny Plateau and the Ontario Lowlands ecoregion of the Great Lakes Lowlands.

The origin of the name Finger Lakes is uncertain. Currently, the oldest known published use of finger lakes for this group of 11 lakes is in a United States Geological Survey paper by Thomas Chamberlin that was published in 1883. This paper was later cited and Finger Lakes formally use as a proper name by R. S. Tarr in a Geological Society of America paper published in 1893. Older usage of Finger Lakes in either maps, papers, reports, or any other documents remains to be verified.

Selected article

Iroquois Confederacy
The Iroquois Confederacy (also known as the "League of Peace and Power", the "Five Nations"; the "Six Nations"; or the "People of the Longhouse") is a group of First Nations/Native Americans that originally consisted of five nations: the Mohawk, the Oneida, the Onondaga, the Cayuga, and the Seneca. A sixth tribe, the Tuscarora, joined after the original five nations were formed. Although frequently referred to as the Iroquois, the Nations refer to themselves collectively as Haudenosaunee (Akunęhsyę̀niˀ in Tuscarora). Archaeological evidence shows that the Iroquois have lived in the Finger Lakes Region from at least 1000 A.D. At the time Europeans first arrived in North America, the Confederacy was based in what is now the northeastern United States and southern Canada, including New England, upstate New York, Pennsylvania, Ontario, and Quebec.

Selected attraction

State University of New York at Binghamton
The State University of New York at Binghamton (SUNY Binghamton) or Binghamton University is one of the four university centers in New York State’s system of post-secondary public education (SUNY). Since its establishment in 1946, it has undergone a number of changes in name and location. Today, the research university’s main campus is located in Vestal, New York, and the school has recently opened a center nearby in downtown Binghamton. Binghamton has grown from a small liberal arts college to a large doctoral-granting institution, presently consists of six colleges and schools and is now home to more than 14,000 undergraduate and graduate students.

Selected image

Tower of bowls in Corning
Credit: Ohnoitsjamie

A tower of 600 glass bowls at the Corning Museum of Glass. Founded in 1950 by Corning Glass Works (now Corning Incorporated), the museum is located in the Finger Lakes region of New York and houses a research library devoted to glass.

In this month

Old NY 31B Reference Marker

Selected lake

Onondaga Lake
Onondaga Lake is northwest of the city of Syracuse, New York and south of Lake Ontario. Water outflows from the lake to Lake Ontario through the Oswego River. The lake is five miles (8 kilometers) long and a mile (1.5 kilometers) wide. It has an area of 4.6 square miles (11.9 square kilometers) and has a maximum depth of 73 feet (22 meters). Although it is near the Finger Lakes region, it is not traditionally counted as one of the Finger Lakes. Around 1450 or possibly earlier, Onondaga Lake was the site of the founding of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy. According to legend, at this spot the warlike Onondaga chief Tadodaho was persuaded by Hiawatha and Deganawidah (the Peacemaker) to accept the Great Law of Peace. Historically, the lake and the surrounding area was a site of salt springs and later salt mining. The salt was distributed throughout the north-east via the Erie Canal; Irish immigrants working in this industry created the local dish of salt potatoes.

Selected biography

Photograph by H. B. Lindsley
Harriet Tubman (born c.1820 – 10 March 1913) was an African-American abolitionist, humanitarian, and Union spy during the U.S. Civil War. After escaping from captivity, she made thirteen missions to rescue over seventy slaves using the network of antislavery activists known as the Underground Railroad. She later helped John Brown recruit men for his raid on Harpers Ferry, and in the post-war era struggled for women's suffrage. Born into slavery in Dorchester County, Maryland, Tubman was beaten and whipped by her various owners as a child. In 1849, Tubman escaped to Philadelphia, then immediately returned to Maryland to rescue her family. She guided many slaves to freedom, and when a far-reaching United States Fugitive Slave Law was passed in 1850, she helped guide fugitives further north into Canada, and helped newly-freed slaves find work. Tubman worked for the Union Army during the American Civil War; first as a cook and nurse, and then as an armed scout and spy. After the war, she retired to the family home in Auburn, New York, where she cared for her aging parents. After she died in 1913, she became an icon of American courage and freedom.

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