Portal:Fascism

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Introduction

Benito Mussolini and Adolf Hitler, the fascist leaders of Italy and Nazi Germany

Fascism (/ˈfæʃɪzəm/) is a form of radical authoritarian ultranationalism, characterized by dictatorial power, forcible suppression of opposition and strong regimentation of society and of the economy, which came to prominence in early 20th-century Europe. The first fascist movements emerged in Italy during World War I before it spread to other European countries. Opposed to liberalism, Marxism and anarchism, fascism is usually placed on the far-right within the traditional left–right spectrum.

Fascists saw World War I as a revolution that brought massive changes to the nature of war, society, the state and technology. The advent of total war and the total mass mobilization of society had broken down the distinction between civilians and combatants. A "military citizenship" arose in which all citizens were involved with the military in some manner during the war. The war had resulted in the rise of a powerful state capable of mobilizing millions of people to serve on the front lines and providing economic production and logistics to support them, as well as having unprecedented authority to intervene in the lives of citizens.

Fascists believe that liberal democracy is obsolete and they regard the complete mobilization of society under a totalitarian one-party state as necessary to prepare a nation for armed conflict and to respond effectively to economic difficulties. Such a state is led by a strong leader—such as a dictator and a martial government composed of the members of the governing fascist party—to forge national unity and maintain a stable and orderly society. Fascism rejects assertions that violence is automatically negative in nature and views political violence, war and imperialism as means that can achieve national rejuvenation. Fascists advocate a mixed economy, with the principal goal of achieving autarky through protectionist and interventionist economic policies.

Since the end of World War II in 1945, few parties have openly described themselves as fascist and the term is instead now usually used pejoratively by political opponents. The descriptions neo-fascist or post-fascist are sometimes applied more formally to describe parties of the far-right with ideologies similar to, or rooted in, 20th century fascist movements.

Selected article

The Italian Social Republic, informally known as the Republic of Salò, was a puppet state with limited recognition that was created during the later part of World War II, existing from the beginning of German occupation of Italy in September 1943 until surrender of German troops in Italy in May 1945. The Italian Social Republic was the second and last incarnation of the Italian Fascist state and was led by Duce Benito Mussolini and his reformed anti-monarchist Republican Fascist Party which tried to modernise and revise fascist doctrine into a more moderate and sophisticated direction. The state declared Rome its capital, but was de facto centered on Salò (hence its colloquial name), a small town on Lake Garda, near Brescia, where Mussolini and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs were headquartered. The Italian Social Republic exercised nominal sovereignty in Northern and Central Italy, but was largely dependent on German troops to maintain control.

Selected image

Il Duce è acclamato dalla folla festante a Calangianus.jpg
Credit: Istituto Luce - Cinecittà

Mussolini visit Calangianus.

Selected quote

Benito Mussolini
Benito Mussolini, "Diuturna"
More...

Things you can do

Things you can do Thank you for your interest in improving the coverage of fascism on Wikipedia!

  • If you would like to help maintain the fascism portal, a list of tasks needing attention is maintained on its talk page.
  • You are also invited to visit WikiProject Fascism, a work group organizing the collective effort to improve fascism's coverage on Wikipedia! If you are interested in joining it, please add your details to the list of participants.

Templates

News

  • 7 July 2009: Scotland Yard voices fears of a terrorist attack from the far right.[1]
  • 3 July 2009: A German court declares 89-year-old John Demjanjuk fit to stand trial.[2]
  • 28 June 2009: On Croatia's national anti-fascism day, President Stjepan Mesić delivers a warning about the rise in sympathy for the Ustasha state.[3]
  • 27 June 2009: Nine former Nazi SS officers are sentenced to life imprisonment for a World War II massacre in Italy.[4]
  • 17 June 2009: Michela Vittoria Brambilla, the tourism minister of Italy, is accused of delivering a Roman salute.[5]
  • 15 June 2009: The Italian National Guard, a vigilante group set to begin foot patrols in Northern Italy, causes controversy when it unveils its uniform in Milan, which is seen as similar to that of the blackshirts.[6]

Did you know...

Categories

WikiProjects

Related featured content

Featured article star.png

Featured articles: Anti-tobacco movement in Nazi Germany · Albert Speer · Anne Frank · Anschluss · Axis naval activity in Australian waters · Battle of Greece · Battle of Moscow · Battle of Smolensk (1943) · Bert Trautmann · Blitzkrieg · Enigma machine · Franklin D. Roosevelt · Heinrich Bär · IG Farben Building · Invasion of Poland · Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp · Night of the Long Knives · Operation Varsity · Pope Pius XII · Rudolf Wolters · Sino-German cooperation until 1941 · Triumph of the Will · Walter Model

Featured lists: List of German World War II jet aces · List of Knight's Cross recipients · List of foreign recipients of the Knight's Cross · List of Knight's Cross recipients of the Kriegsmarine · List of Knight's Cross recipients of the Schnellboot service · List of Knight's Cross recipients of the U-boat service

Featured portals: Politics · World War II

Featured pictures: Buchenwald concentration camp · Crying Sudeten woman saluting · Hitler and Mussolini · Hitler and Mussolini by Eva Braun · Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp · Nazi campaign poster · Warsaw Ghetto Uprising

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Purge server cache

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portal:Fascism&oldid=850514946"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Fascism
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Portal:Fascism"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA