Portal:Fascism

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The Fascism Portal

The flag of the National Fascist Party of Italy bearing the fasces, the namesake of fascism

Fascism is a political authoritarian nationalist political ideology. Fascists seek to unify their nation based on commitment to an organic national community where its individuals are united together as one people through national identity. The unity of the nation is to be based upon suprapersonal connections of ancestry and culture through a totalitarian state that seeks the mass mobilization of the national community through discipline, [narrowing of the permitted limit of social discourse], physical training, and eugenics. The limiting of the spectrum of acceptable opinion includes the aggressive suppression of dissent. Frequently, fascism seeks to eradicate perceived foreign influences that are deemed to be causing degeneration of the nation or of not fitting into the national culture.

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The Night of the Long Knives (German: About this sound Nacht der langen Messer ) or "Operation Hummingbird", was a purge that took place in Nazi Germany between June 30 and July 2, 1934, when the Nazi regime carried out a series of political executions, most of those killed being members of the Sturmabteilung (SA), the paramilitary Brownshirts. Adolf Hitler moved against the SA and its leader, Ernst Röhm, because he saw the independence of the SA and the penchant of its members for street violence as a direct threat to his power. Hitler also wanted to conciliate leaders of the Reichswehr, the official German military. They both feared and despised the SA and in particular feared Röhm's ambition to absorb the Reichswehr into the SA under his own leadership. Finally, Hitler used the purge to attack or eliminate critics of his regime, especially those loyal to Vice-Chancellor Franz von Papen, and to settle scores with old enemies.

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Hitler and Mussolini
Credit: Eva Braun

Adolf Hitler of Nazi Germany and Benito Mussolini of Fascist Italy, two of the Axis leaders of World War II, ride together in the back of an open-top automobile in June 1940.

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Arrival of Jewish refugee children, port of London, February 1939

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Frederick Augustus Voigt
Frederick Augustus Voigt, Unto Cæsar, 1939
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  • 7 July 2009: Scotland Yard voices fears of a terrorist attack from the far right.[1]
  • 3 July 2009: A German court declares 89-year-old John Demjanjuk fit to stand trial.[2]
  • 28 June 2009: On Croatia's national anti-fascism day, President Stjepan Mesić delivers a warning about the rise in sympathy for the Ustasha state.[3]
  • 27 June 2009: Nine former Nazi SS officers are sentenced to life imprisonment for a World War II massacre in Italy.[4]
  • 17 June 2009: Michela Vittoria Brambilla, the tourism minister of Italy, is accused of delivering a Roman salute.[5]
  • 15 June 2009: The Italian National Guard, a vigilante group set to begin foot patrols in Northern Italy, causes controversy when it unveils its uniform in Milan, which is seen as similar to that of the blackshirts.[6]

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