Portal:Ethics

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Ethics

Ethics (via Latin ethica from the Ancient Greek ἠθική [φιλοσοφία] "moral philosophy", from the adjective of ἤθος ēthos "custom, habit"), a major branch of philosophy, is the study of values and customs of a person or group. It in simplest terms is the philosophy on how to act. It covers the analysis and employment of concepts such as right and wrong, good and evil, and responsibility. It is divided into three primary areas: meta-ethics (the study of the concept of ethics), normative ethics (the study of how to determine ethical values), and applied ethics (the study of the use of ethical values).

Selected article

The concept of free will is whether, and in what sense, rational agents exercise control over their actions and decisions. Addressing this question requires understanding the relation between freedom and cause, and determining whether or not the laws of nature are causally deterministic. The various philosophical positions taken differ on whether all events are determined or not - determinism versus indeterminism - and also on whether freedom can coexist with determinism or not - compatibilism versus incompatibilism. So, for instance, hard determinists argue that the universe is deterministic, and that this makes free will impossible.

Selected biography

Jeremy Bentham by Henry William Pickersgill detail.jpg
Jeremy Bentham (IPA: ['bεnθəm] or ['bεntəm]) (15 February 1748–6 June 1832) was an English jurist, philosopher, and legal and social reformer. He was the brother of Samuel Bentham. He was a political radical, and a leading theorist in Anglo-American philosophy of law. He is best known for his advocacy of utilitarianism, for the concept of animal rights,[1][2] and his opposition to the ideas of natural law and natural rights, with his oft-quoted statement that the idea of such laws and rights is "nonsense upon stilts."[3] He also influenced the development of welfarism.[4] He is probably best known in popular society as the originator of the concept of the panopticon.

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  1. ^ ThinkQuest Article on Animal Rights
  2. ^ The Moral Status of Animals (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
  3. ^ Harrison, Ross. Jeremy Bentham, in Honderich, Ted. (ed.) The Oxford Companion to Philosophy, Oxford, 1995, pp. 85-88. See also Jeremy Bentham, The Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  4. ^ Jeremy Bentham: His Life and Impact--jk
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