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La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

Esperanto has had continuous usage for over a century by a community now estimated at about 2 million speakers, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television, and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with almost 240,000 articles (as of June 21, 2017). Over 150,000 users consult the Esperanto Wikipedia regularly.

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino.

Free on-line courses to teach the international language are available through lernu.net and duolingo.com. The first of these sites has almost 249,000 registered users, who are able to view the site's interface in their choice of 17 languages; a further six languages have at least 60 percent of the interface localized. About 50,000 of the lernu.net users possess at least a basic understanding of Esperanto. On March 25, 2016, when the Duolingo Esperanto course completed its beta-testing phase, that course had 350,000 people registered to learn Esperanto through the medium of English; in the subsequent year, the number of learners more than doubled; the count now stands at 903,000.

Duolingo has developed a second Esperanto course for which the language of instruction is Spanish; public beta testing began in October of 2016. Over 147,000 students are currently beta-testing this course. As Chuck Smith, founder of the Esperanto Wikipedia, pointed out, this means that over a million people are now learning Esperanto through the Duolingo interface. A third Esperanto course, to be taught in Brazilian Portuguese, has begun development and is expected to be released to beta testing by the end of 2017; nearly 20,000 people have pre-registered to take this course when it becomes available.

Picture of the month - June
Monata bildo - junio

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Esperanto books for sale at the World Congress of Esperanto in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, in 2008.

Article of the month - June
Monata artikolo - junio

The Unua Libro in English.

The Unua Libro (First Book) was the first publication to describe the international language Esperanto (then called Lingvo Internacia, "international language"). It was first published in Russian on July 26, 1887 in Warsaw, by Dr. L.L. Zamenhof, the creator of Esperanto. Over the next few years editions were published in Russian, Hebrew, Polish, French, German, and English. This booklet included the Lord's Prayer, some Bible verses, a letter, poetry, the sixteen rules of grammar and 900 roots of vocabulary. Zamenhof declared, "an international language, like a national one, is common property." Zamenhof signed the work as "Doktoro Esperanto" and the title Esperanto stuck as the name of the language which, in Esperanto, means "one who is hoping". Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - June
Monata vortlisto - junio

Words (vortoj)

  • kaj [rhymes with "high"] meaning: "and"
  • al meaning: "to" or "toward"
  • el meaning: "from" or "out of"
  • knabo meaning: "boy"
  • knabino meaning: "girl"
  • lingvo meaning: "language"
  • amo meaning: "love"
  • amanto meaning: "lover"
  • amkanto meaning: "love song"

Grammar of the month - June
Monata gramatiko - junio

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The nominal (noun) suffix is "-o", so thus viro = man. We can make this into an adjective (describing word) by adding "-a": vira = manly or masculine.


Esperanto resources
Rimedoj pri Esperanto

Here are some online resources:

  • Esperanto-USA
  • Basic Esperanto-English translator
  • Lernu! (online Esperanto learning resource)
  • Free e-mail/online Esperanto course

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi

Here are some Esperanto tasks:

Please feel free to edit any part of this Portal.

Other portals
Aliaj portaloj

Other Wikimedia
Aliaj Vikimedioj

Wikipedia (en) Wikipedia
(eo) Vikipedio, Wikipedia in Esperanto
Wikiquote (en) Wikiquote
(en) Quotes about Esperanto
(en) (eo) Quotes by L. L. Zamenhof
(eo) Vikicitaro, Wikiquote in Esperanto
Wikisource (en) Wikisource
(eo) Vikifonto, Wikisource in Esperanto
Wikicommons (en) Wikimedia commons
(eo) (fr) Audio version of Zamenhof's discourse
(en) (eo) Illustrations for the articles about Esperanto

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