Portal:Esperanto

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THE ESPERANTO PORTAL
La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.


Esperanto has had continuous usage for over a century by a community now estimated at about 2 million speakers, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with over 241,500 articles (as of September 4, 2017). About 151,000 users consult the Esperanto Wikipedia regularly.

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino.

Free on-line courses to teach the international language are available through lernu.net and duolingo.com. The first of these sites has 253,000 registered users, who are able to view the site's interface in their choice of 18 languages; a further seven languages have at least 60 percent of the interface localized; nine additional languages are in varying stages of completing the interface translation. About 50,000 of the lernu.net users possess at least a basic understanding of Esperanto. On March 25, 2016, when the Duolingo Esperanto course completed its beta-testing phase, that course had 350,000 people registered to learn Esperanto through the medium of English; in the subsequent year, the number of learners more than doubled; the count now stands at over one million.

Duolingo has developed a second Esperanto course for which the language of instruction is Spanish; public beta testing began in October of 2016. Nearly 200,000 students are currently beta-testing this course. As Chuck Smith, founder of the Esperanto Wikipedia, pointed out, this means that well over a million people are now learning Esperanto through the Duolingo interface. A third Esperanto course, to be taught in Brazilian Portuguese, has begun development and is expected to be released to beta testing by the end of 2017; more than 23,000 people have pre-registered to take this course when it becomes available.

Picture of the month - September
Monata bildo - septembro


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Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof (1859-1917) was a Polish ophthalmologist and philologist who is best known as the inventor of Esperanto.

Article of the month - September
Monata artikolo - septembro

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Anationalism (Esperanto: sennaciismo) is a term originating from the community of Esperanto speakers. It denotes cosmopolitan political concepts that combine some or all of the following tendencies and ideas:

  • radical antinationalism,
  • universalism,
  • "one-world-ism",
  • acceptance of the historic trend toward linguistic homogenization on a world scale, and in some cases even a striving to accelerate that trend,
  • the necessity of political education and organization of the world proletariat in accordance with those ideas, and
  • the utility of Esperanto as an instrument of such political education. Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - September
Monata vortlisto - septembro

Sports (sportoj)

  • atletiko meaning: "athletics" (or "track and field")
  • basbalo meaning: "baseball"
  • biciklado meaning: "cycling"
  • flugpilkado meaning: "volleyball"
  • futbalo meaning: "football" (or "soccer")
  • golfo meaning: "golf"
  • hokeo meaning: "hockey"
  • korbopilkado meaning: "basketball"
  • rugbeo meaning: "rugby"
  • teniso meaning: "tennis"

Grammar of the month - September
Monata gramatiko - septembro

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Verbs (action words) are very simple to form in Esperanto: the infinitive (basic verb form) is the root + "-i". For example iri = "to go". To form the present tense, switch the "-i" to "-as": mi iras = "I go" or "I am going" (mi = "I"). The same can be done for past and future tenses: mi iris = "I went" and mi iros = "I will go".

Categories
Kategorioj

Esperanto resources
Rimedoj pri Esperanto

Here are some online resources:

  • Esperanto-USA
  • Basic Esperanto-English translator
  • Lernu! (online Esperanto learning resource)
  • Free e-mail/online Esperanto course

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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  • ...that William Shatner (of Star Trek fame) once starred in the feature-length Esperanto-language film Incubus?
  • ...that Esperanto superseded another constructed language, Volapük, which is now mostly defunct?
  • ...that Esperanto contains six letters found in no other alphabet: ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ and ŭ?
  • ...that Esperanto has no q, w, x or y?

Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi


Here are some Esperanto tasks:

Please feel free to edit any part of this Portal.

Other portals
Aliaj portaloj

Other Wikimedia
Aliaj Vikimedioj

Wikipedia (en) Wikipedia
(eo) Vikipedio, Wikipedia in Esperanto
Wikiquote (en) Wikiquote
(en) Quotes about Esperanto
(en) (eo) Quotes by L. L. Zamenhof
(eo) Vikicitaro, Wikiquote in Esperanto
Wikisource (en) Wikisource
(eo) Vikifonto, Wikisource in Esperanto
Wikicommons (en) Wikimedia commons
(eo) (fr) Audio version of Zamenhof's discourse
(en) (eo) Illustrations for the articles about Esperanto

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