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La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

Esperanto has had continuous usage for over a century by a community now estimated at about 2 million speakers, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with about 245,000 articles (as of February 12, 2018). About 151,000 users consult the Esperanto Wikipedia regularly.

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino.

Free on-line courses to teach the international language are available through lernu.net and duolingo.com. The first of these sites has about 264,400 registered users, who are able to view the site's interface in their choice of 20 languages; a further seven languages have at least 60 percent of the interface localized; seven additional languages are in varying stages of completing the interface translation. About 50,000 of the lernu.net users possess at least a basic understanding of Esperanto. On March 25, 2016, when the Duolingo Esperanto course completed its beta-testing phase, that course had 350,000 people registered to learn Esperanto through the medium of English; in the subsequent 22 months, the number of learners more than trebled; the count now stands at 1.2 million.

Duolingo has developed a second Esperanto course for which the language of instruction is Spanish; public beta testing began in October of 2016. About 294,000 students are currently beta-testing this course. A third Esperanto course, to be taught in Brazilian Portuguese, has begun development; 28,200 people have pre-registered to take this course when it becomes available — currently expected to be March 31, 2018.

Picture of the month - February
Monata bildo - februaro

Unua libro per russi - 1887 - 1a edizione - copertina fronte.jpg
The very first printing of the Unua Libro, the first Esperanto textbook, for Russian speakers in 1887.

Article of the month - February
Monata artikolo - februaro


TEJO is the Tutmonda Esperantista Junulara Organizo, or World Esperanto Youth Organization. TEJO was founded in 1938 under the name Tutmonda Junular-Organizo (World Youth Organization). The current name was taken in 1952. In 1956, TEJO became the youth section of the World Esperanto Association (Universala Esperanto-Asocio, UEA). In 1971, the finances and administration of TEJO were fully integrated into the UEA. Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - February
Monata vortlisto - februaro

Ludoj — Games

ŝako chess
damludo checkers, draughts
triktrako backgammon
domeno dominoes
skrablo scrabble
paĉisio parcheesi, pachisi
monopolo monopoly
bagatelo trivial pursuit
ĉina damludo Chinese checkers
miksaĵo jumble
tabulludo board game
kartludo card game
vetludo gambling
videoludo video game
serpentoj kaj eskaloj snakes and ladders
pendumisto hangman
ŝtono, papero, tondilo rock, paper, scissors
liga punktoj connect the dots
dudek demandoj twenty questions
ŝarado charades
levaj nadloj pick-up sticks
batalŝipoj battleships
saltodiskoj tiddlywinks
ludkartoj playing cards
jetkuboj dice
ludpeco tile, game piece
kribaĝo cribbage
rumio rummy
briĝo contract bridge
pokero poker
maĝango mahjong
jacio yahtzee
paciencludo solitaire
pekseso concentration
pikedo piquet
krucvorto crossword
anagramo anagram
kriptaĵo cryptogram
logikenigmo logic puzzle
kunmetenigmo jigsaw puzzle

Grammar of the month - February
Monata gramatiko - februaro

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In Esperanto, the word for "leader" or "boss" is estro. Besides being a stand-alone word, estro can also be used as a suffix. Used as lernejestro (lernejo = "school") it means "principal," and as urbestro (urbo = "city") it means "mayor."


Esperanto resources
Rimedoj pri Esperanto

Here are some online resources:

  • Esperanto-USA
  • Basic Esperanto-English translator
  • Lernu! (online Esperanto learning resource)
  • Free e-mail/online Esperanto course

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi

Here are some Esperanto tasks:

Please feel free to edit any part of this Portal.

Other portals
Aliaj portaloj

Other Wikimedia
Aliaj Vikimedioj

Wikipedia (en) Wikipedia
(eo) Vikipedio, Wikipedia in Esperanto
Wikiquote (en) Wikiquote
(en) Quotes about Esperanto
(en) (eo) Quotes by L. L. Zamenhof
(eo) Vikicitaro, Wikiquote in Esperanto
Wikisource (en) Wikisource
(eo) Vikifonto, Wikisource in Esperanto
Wikicommons (en) Wikimedia commons
(eo) (fr) Audio version of Zamenhof's discourse
(en) (eo) Illustrations for the articles about Esperanto

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