From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

Esperanto has had continuous usage for over a century by a community now estimated at about 2 million speakers, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television, and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with 240,400 articles (as of July 8, 2017). Over 150,000 users consult the Esperanto Wikipedia regularly.

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino.

Free on-line courses to teach the international language are available through lernu.net and duolingo.com. The first of these sites has almost 250,000 registered users, who are able to view the site's interface in their choice of 17 languages; a further six languages have at least 60 percent of the interface localized. About 50,000 of the lernu.net users possess at least a basic understanding of Esperanto. On March 25, 2016, when the Duolingo Esperanto course completed its beta-testing phase, that course had 350,000 people registered to learn Esperanto through the medium of English; in the subsequent year, the number of learners more than doubled; the count now stands at 930,000.

Duolingo has developed a second Esperanto course for which the language of instruction is Spanish; public beta testing began in October of 2016. Over 159,000 students are currently beta-testing this course. As Chuck Smith, founder of the Esperanto Wikipedia, pointed out, this means that over a million people are now learning Esperanto through the Duolingo interface. A third Esperanto course, to be taught in Brazilian Portuguese, has begun development and is expected to be released to beta testing by the end of 2017; more than 20,700 people have pre-registered to take this course when it becomes available.

Picture of the month - July
Monata bildo - julio

Kontakto is an Esperanto magazine published by TEJO and supported by World Esperanto Association that has readers in about 90 countries around the world.

Article of the month - July
Monata artikolo - julio


Antoni Grabowski (June 11, 1857 in Nowe Dobra, a village 10 km northeast of Chełmno – July 4, 1921 in Warsaw) was a Polish chemical engineer, and an activist of the early Esperanto movement. His translations had an influential impact on the development of Esperanto into a language of literature.

Grabowski was a longstanding chairman of the Warsaw Esperanto Society, founded in 1904, and of the Polish Esperanto Society, founded in 1908. In the same year he became director of the Grammar section of the Esperanto Academy. He published articles and gave lectures on Esperanto and organized Esperanto language courses. Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - July
Monata vortlisto - julio

Colors (la koloroj)

  • ruĝa meaning: "red"
  • oranĝkolora meaning: "orange"
  • flava meaning: "yellow"
  • verda meaning: "green"
  • blua meaning: "blue"
  • purpura meaning: "purple"
  • nigra meaning: "black"
  • bruna meaning: "brown"
  • griza meaning: "gray"
  • blanka meaning: "white"

Grammar of the month - July
Monata gramatiko - julio

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In Esperanto, a word may be made plural by simply adding "-j" to the end: domo = house, domoj = houses. (Note: In Esperanto, the letter "j" sounds like an English "y", so domoj is pronounced: "DOH-moy".)


Esperanto resources
Rimedoj pri Esperanto

Here are some online resources:

  • Esperanto-USA
  • Basic Esperanto-English translator
  • Lernu! (online Esperanto learning resource)
  • Free e-mail/online Esperanto course

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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  • ...that William Shatner (of Star Trek fame) once starred in the feature-length Esperanto-language film Incubus?
  • ...that Esperanto superseded another constructed language, Volapük, which is now mostly defunct?
  • ...that Esperanto contains six letters found in no other alphabet: ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ and ŭ?
  • ...that Esperanto has no q, w, x or y?

Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi

Here are some Esperanto tasks:

Please feel free to edit any part of this Portal.

Other portals
Aliaj portaloj

Other Wikimedia
Aliaj Vikimedioj

Wikipedia (en) Wikipedia
(eo) Vikipedio, Wikipedia in Esperanto
Wikiquote (en) Wikiquote
(en) Quotes about Esperanto
(en) (eo) Quotes by L. L. Zamenhof
(eo) Vikicitaro, Wikiquote in Esperanto
Wikisource (en) Wikisource
(eo) Vikifonto, Wikisource in Esperanto
Wikicommons (en) Wikimedia commons
(eo) (fr) Audio version of Zamenhof's discourse
(en) (eo) Illustrations for the articles about Esperanto

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