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La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

Esperanto has had continuous usage for over a century by a community now estimated at about 2 million speakers, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television, and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with over 236,000 articles (as of December 31, 2016). Over 150,000 users now consult the Esperanto Wikipedia regularly.

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino.

Free on-line courses to teach the international language are available through lernu.net and duolingo.com. The first of these sites has over 235,000 registered users, who are able to view the site's interface in their choice of 18 languages. About 47,000 of the lernu.net users possess a basic, intermediate or advanced understanding of Esperanto. On March 25, 2016, when the Duolingo Esperanto course completed its beta-testing phase, that course had 350,000 people registered to learn Esperanto through the medium of English; in a little over nine months, the number of learners has increased to 685,000.

Duolingo has also developed an Esperanto course for which the language of instruction is Spanish; public beta testing began in October of 2016. Over 19,700 students are currently beta-testing this course.

Picture of the month - January
Monata bildo - januaro

The worldwide friends network of the Pasporta Servo, an international hospitality service for Esperanto speakers.

Article of the month - January
Monata artikolo - januaro

Serbian actor Sasha Pilipovic presents his cabaret at the World Esperanto Congress, Rotterdam 2008.

The language Esperanto is often used to access an international culture, including a large body of original as well as translated literature. There are over 25,000 Esperanto books (originals and translations) as well as over a hundred regularly distributed Esperanto magazines. Many Esperanto speakers use the language for free stays throughout the world when travelling, using the Pasporta Servo. Others like the idea of having pen pals in many countries around the world, using services like the Esperanto Pen Pal Service. Every year, Esperanto speakers meet for the World Congress of Esperanto (Universala Kongreso de Esperanto). These attract around 1500-3000 speakers, and the best-attended conferences are regularly those held in Central or Eastern Europe, close to the birthplace of Esperanto (see statistics at World Congress of Esperanto). Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - January
Monata vortlisto - januaro

La baza numeraloj — Cardinal numbers

0 nulo zero
1 unu one
2 du two
3 tri three
4 kvar four
5 kvin five
6 ses six
7 sep seven
8 ok eight
9 naŭ nine
50 kvindek fifty
60 sesdek sixty
70 sepdek seventy
80 okdek eighty
90 naŭdek ninety
100 cent hundred
256 ducent kvindek ses two hundred fifty-six
1 000 mil thousand
5 280 kvin mil ducent okdek five thousand two hundred eighty
4 000 000 kvar milionoj four million
10 dek ten
11 dek unu eleven
12 dek du twelve
13 dek tri thirteen
20 dudek twenty
21 dudek unu twenty-one
22 dudek du twenty-two
23 dudek tri twenty-three
30 tridek thirty
40 kvardek forty

Grammar of the month - January
Monata gramatiko - januaro

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In Esperanto, all of the question words begin with the letters "ki:" kio = "what," kie = "where", kiam = "when," kial = "why," and so on. Not only does this allow the question words to be immediately recognizable, common suffixes allow demonstrative, indefinite, and negative words to also be clearly apparent. For example, kio shares a suffix with tio = "this/that," io = "something," and nenio = "nothing," which are all related concepts.


Culture  · Dictionaries
Education  · Esperantido
Esperantists  · History
Language  · Literature
Media  · Native speakers

Esperanto resources
Rimedoj pri Esperanto

Here are some online resources:

  • Esperanto-USA
  • Basic Esperanto-English translator
  • Lernu! (online Esperanto learning resource)
  • Free e-mail/online Esperanto course

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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  • ...that William Shatner (of Star Trek fame) once starred in the feature-length Esperanto-language film Incubus?
  • ...that Esperanto superseded another constructed language, Volapük, which is now mostly defunct?
  • ...that Esperanto contains six letters found in no other alphabet: ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ and ŭ?
  • ...that Esperanto has no q, w, x or y?

Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi

Here are some Esperanto tasks:

Please feel free to edit any part of this Portal.

Other portals
Aliaj portaloj

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Constructed languages Language

Other Wikimedia
Aliaj Vikimedioj

Wikipedia (en) Wikipedia
(eo) Vikipedio, Wikipedia in Esperanto
Wikiquote (en) Wikiquote
(en) Quotes about Esperanto
(en) (eo) Quotes by L. L. Zamenhof
(eo) Vikicitaro, Wikiquote in Esperanto
Wikisource (en) Wikisource
(eo) Vikifonto, Wikisource in Esperanto
Wikicommons (en) Wikimedia commons
(eo) (fr) Audio version of Zamenhof's discourse
(en) (eo) Illustrations for the articles about Esperanto

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