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La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

Esperanto has had continuous usage for over a century by a community now estimated at about 2 million speakers, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television, and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with 238,000 articles (as of March 21, 2017). Over 150,000 users now consult the Esperanto Wikipedia regularly.

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino.

Free on-line courses to teach the international language are available through lernu.net and duolingo.com. The first of these sites has over 241,800 registered users, who are able to view the site's interface in their choice of 17 languages; a further six languages have at least 60 percent of the interface localized. About 50,000 of the lernu.net users possess a basic, intermediate or advanced understanding of Esperanto. On March 25, 2016, when the Duolingo Esperanto course completed its beta-testing phase, that course had 350,000 people registered to learn Esperanto through the medium of English; in the subsequent year, the number of learners has more than doubled to 776,000.

Duolingo has developed a second Esperanto course for which the language of instruction is Spanish; public beta testing began in October of 2016. About 75,000 students are currently beta-testing this course. A third Esperanto course, this one to be taught in Brazilian Portuguese, has begun development and is expected to be released to beta testing by the end of 2017.

Picture of the month - March
Monata bildo - marto

Jubilea simbolo.svg
The Esperanto jubilee symbol (jubilea simbolo), created in 1987 to mark the 100th anniversary of the planned international language, Esperanto. Today it is used alongside the more traditional flag and green star to symbolize Esperanto.

Article of the month - March
Monata artikolo - marto

Photograph of the International Ido Congress in Dessau, Germany, in 1922.

Esperantido is the term used within the Esperanto and constructed language communities to describe a language project based on or inspired by Esperanto. Esperantido originally referred to the language of that name, which later came to be known as Ido. The word Esperantido is derived from Esperanto plus the suffix -ido (a descendant). Thus "Esperantido" literally means "an offspring of Esperanto".

A number of Esperantidos have been created to address a number of perceived flaws or weaknesses of Esperanto, or of other Esperantidos, attempting to improve their lexicon, grammar, pronunciation, and orthography. (See common criticisms.) Others were created as language games or to add variety to Esperanto literature. The only Esperantido in common use is Ido. Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - March
Monata vortlisto - marto

Professions (profesioj)

  • arkitekto meaning: "architect"
  • barelfaristo meaning: "cooper"
  • dentisto meaning: "dentist"
  • gvardio meaning: "security guard"
  • inĝeniero meaning: "engineer"
  • kosmonaŭto meaning: "astronaut" (or "cosmonaut")
  • maristo meaning: "sailor" (or "mariner")
  • politikisto meaning: "politician"
  • sciencisto meaning: "scientist"
  • ĉarpentisto meaning: "carpenter"

Grammar of the month - March
Monata gramatiko - marto

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In Esperanto, there are only six major verb forms. The verbs do not change with the subject or object of the sentence, so the suffixes -as (present tense), -is (past), and -os (future) are always added to the verb's root. The other major verb forms are -i (infinitive), -u (jussive), and -us (conditional). There are no irregular or stem-changing verbs.


Culture  · Dictionaries
Education  · Esperantido
Esperantists  · History
Language  · Literature
Media  · Native speakers

Esperanto resources
Rimedoj pri Esperanto

Here are some online resources:

  • Esperanto-USA
  • Basic Esperanto-English translator
  • Lernu! (online Esperanto learning resource)
  • Free e-mail/online Esperanto course

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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  • ...that William Shatner (of Star Trek fame) once starred in the feature-length Esperanto-language film Incubus?
  • ...that Esperanto superseded another constructed language, Volapük, which is now mostly defunct?
  • ...that Esperanto contains six letters found in no other alphabet: ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ and ŭ?
  • ...that Esperanto has no q, w, x or y?

Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi

Here are some Esperanto tasks:

Please feel free to edit any part of this Portal.

Other portals
Aliaj portaloj

Design conlang.png Globe of letters.svg
Constructed languages Language

Other Wikimedia
Aliaj Vikimedioj

Wikipedia (en) Wikipedia
(eo) Vikipedio, Wikipedia in Esperanto
Wikiquote (en) Wikiquote
(en) Quotes about Esperanto
(en) (eo) Quotes by L. L. Zamenhof
(eo) Vikicitaro, Wikiquote in Esperanto
Wikisource (en) Wikisource
(eo) Vikifonto, Wikisource in Esperanto
Wikicommons (en) Wikimedia commons
(eo) (fr) Audio version of Zamenhof's discourse
(en) (eo) Illustrations for the articles about Esperanto

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