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La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

Esperanto has had continuous usage for over a century by a community now estimated at about 2 million speakers, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with over 242,600 articles (as of November 18, 2017). About 151,000 users consult the Esperanto Wikipedia regularly.

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino.

Free on-line courses to teach the international language are available through lernu.net and duolingo.com. The first of these sites has about 259,500 registered users, who are able to view the site's interface in their choice of 19 languages; a further four languages have at least 75 percent of the interface localized; 11 additional languages are in varying stages of completing the interface translation. About 50,000 of the lernu.net users possess at least a basic understanding of Esperanto. On March 25, 2016, when the Duolingo Esperanto course completed its beta-testing phase, that course had 350,000 people registered to learn Esperanto through the medium of English; in the subsequent year, the number of learners more than doubled; the count now stands at 1.1 million.

Duolingo has developed a second Esperanto course for which the language of instruction is Spanish; public beta testing began in October of 2016. More than 247,000 students are currently beta-testing this course. As Chuck Smith, founder of the Esperanto Wikipedia, pointed out, this means that well over a million people are now learning Esperanto through the Duolingo interface. A third Esperanto course, to be taught in Brazilian Portuguese, has begun development and is expected to be released to beta testing by the end of 2017; over 25,400 people have pre-registered to take this course when it becomes available.

Picture of the month - November
Monata bildo - novembro

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Esperanto in use on a display at the Icelandic Phallological Museum in Húsavík, Iceland.

Article of the month - November
Monata artikolo - novembro


Proto-Esperanto (or pra-Esperanto in the language itself) is the modern term for any of the stages in the evolution of L. L. Zamenhof's language project, prior to the publication of his Unua Libro in 1887.

As a child, Zamenhof had the idea to introduce an international auxiliary language for communication between different nationalities. He originally wanted to revive some form of simplified Latin or Greek, but as he grew older he came to believe that it would be better to create a new language for his purpose. During his teenage years he worked on a language project until he thought it ready for public demonstration. On December 17, 1878 (about one year before the first publication of Volapük), Zamenhof celebrated his birthday and the birth of the language with some friends, who liked the project. Zamenhof himself called his language Lingwe Uniwersala ("world language"). Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - November
Monata vortlisto - novembro

Continents (la kontinentoj)

  • Afriko meaning: "Africa"
  • Antarkto meaning: "Antarctica"
  • Aŭstralio meaning: "Australia"
  • Azio meaning: "Asia"
  • Eŭropo meaning: "Europe"
  • Nordameriko meaning: "North America"
  • Sudameriko meaning: "South America"

Grammar of the month - November
Monata gramatiko - novembro

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In Esperanto, the direct object of a sentence is marked by adding "-n" to the end of a noun or adjective: la feliĉa infano = "the happy child" La patrino kisis la feliĉan infanon = "The mother kissed the happy child." The direct object ending is also used after plural nouns and adjectives: La kato pelis la timajn musojn = "The cat chased the frightened mice."


Esperanto resources
Rimedoj pri Esperanto

Here are some online resources:

  • Esperanto-USA
  • Basic Esperanto-English translator
  • Lernu! (online Esperanto learning resource)
  • Free e-mail/online Esperanto course

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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  • ...that William Shatner (of Star Trek fame) once starred in the feature-length Esperanto-language film Incubus?
  • ...that Esperanto superseded another constructed language, Volapük, which is now mostly defunct?
  • ...that Esperanto contains six letters found in no other alphabet: ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ and ŭ?
  • ...that Esperanto has no q, w, x or y?

Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi

Here are some Esperanto tasks:

Please feel free to edit any part of this Portal.

Other portals
Aliaj portaloj

Other Wikimedia
Aliaj Vikimedioj

Wikipedia (en) Wikipedia
(eo) Vikipedio, Wikipedia in Esperanto
Wikiquote (en) Wikiquote
(en) Quotes about Esperanto
(en) (eo) Quotes by L. L. Zamenhof
(eo) Vikicitaro, Wikiquote in Esperanto
Wikisource (en) Wikisource
(eo) Vikifonto, Wikisource in Esperanto
Wikicommons (en) Wikimedia commons
(eo) (fr) Audio version of Zamenhof's discourse
(en) (eo) Illustrations for the articles about Esperanto

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