From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

La Portalo pri Esperanto

The Esperanto flag.

Esperanto is the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language in the world. Its name derives from Doktoro Esperanto, the pseudonym under which L. L. Zamenhof published the first book detailing Esperanto, the Unua Libro, in 1887. The word esperanto means 'one who hopes' in the language itself. Zamenhof's goal was to create an easy and flexible language that would serve as a universal second language to foster peace and international understanding.

Esperanto has had continuous usage for over a century by a community now estimated at about 2 million speakers, and approximately one thousand native speakers. However, no country has adopted the language officially. Today, Esperanto is employed in world travel, correspondence, cultural exchange, conventions, literature, language instruction, television and radio broadcasting. Also, there is an Esperanto Wikipedia with about 246,700 articles (as of May 8, 2018). About 151,000 users consult the Esperanto Wikipedia regularly.

There is evidence that learning Esperanto may provide a good foundation for learning languages in general. Some state education systems offer basic instruction and elective courses in Esperanto. Esperanto is also the language of instruction in one university, the Akademio Internacia de la Sciencoj in San Marino. Free on-line courses to teach the international language are available through lernu.net and duolingo.com.

The first of these sites has over 270,000 registered users, who are able to view the site's interface in their choice of 21 languages; a further six languages have at least 60 percent of the interface localized; seven additional languages are in varying stages of completing the interface translation. About 50,000 of the lernu.net users possess at least a basic understanding of Esperanto.

On March 25, 2016, when the Duolingo Esperanto course completed its beta-testing phase, that course had 350,000 people registered to learn Esperanto through the medium of English; over the subsequent 25 months, the number of learners more than trebled; the count now stands at 1.33 million. A second Duolingo Esperanto course, for which the language of instruction is Spanish, now has a further 366,000 students. A third Esperanto course, to be taught in Brazilian Portuguese, has begun development; 31,500 people have pre-registered to take this course when it becomes available for beta testing — currently expected to be May 15, 2018.

Picture of the month - May
Monata bildo - majo

The reading room of the Hector Hodler Library, one of the largest Esperanto libraries in the world, with approximately 30,000 books, periodicals, manuscripts, photos, and music samples in its collections.

Article of the month - May
Monata artikolo - majo

L. L. Zamenhof.

Ludwik Łazarz Zamenhof (/ˈzɑːmɪnhɒf/; born Eliezer Samenhof, December 15, 1859 – April 14, 1917) was an ophthalmologist, philologist, and the inventor of Esperanto, a constructed language designed for international communication. His native languages were Russian and Yiddish, but he also spoke Polish and German fluently. Later he learned French, Latin, Greek, Hebrew and English. He also was interested in Italian, Spanish and Lithuanian.

Zamenhof was born on December 15, 1859 in the town of Białystok (now in Poland, then part of the Russian Empire) to parents of Lithuanian Jewish descent. In addition to the Yiddish-speaking Jewish majority, the population of Białystok was made up of three other ethnic groups: Poles, Germans, and Belarusians. Zamenhof was saddened and frustrated by the many quarrels between these groups. He supposed that the main reason for the hate and prejudice lay in mutual misunderstanding, caused by the lack of one common language that would play the role of a neutral communication tool between people of different ethnic and linguistic backgrounds. Find out more...

Vocabulary of the month - May
Monata vortlisto - majo

Animals (la bestoj)

  • hundo meaning: "dog"
  • kato meaning: "cat"
  • ĉevalo meaning: "horse"
  • birdo meaning: "bird"
  • fiŝo meaning: "fish"
  • bovo meaning: "cow"
  • porko meaning: "pig"
  • koko meaning: "chicken"

Grammar of the month - May
Monata gramatiko - majo

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In order to simplify the amount of vocabulary which needs to be learned, Esperanto uses certain affixes, one of them being the simple prefix "mal-", which creates sets of opposites: bona = "good" and malbona = "bad", dekstra = "right" and maldekstra = "left"...


Esperanto resources
Rimedoj pri Esperanto

Here are some online resources:

  • Esperanto-USA
  • Basic Esperanto-English translator
  • Lernu! (online Esperanto learning resource)
  • Free e-mail/online Esperanto course

Did you know...
Ĉu vi scias...

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  • ...that William Shatner (of Star Trek fame) once starred in the feature-length Esperanto-language film Incubus?
  • ...that Esperanto superseded another constructed language, Volapük, which is now mostly defunct?
  • ...that Esperanto contains six letters found in no other alphabet: ĉ, ĝ, ĥ, ĵ, ŝ and ŭ?
  • ...that Esperanto has no q, w, x or y?

Things you can do
Kiel vi povas helpi

Here are some Esperanto tasks:

Please feel free to edit any part of this Portal.

Other portals
Aliaj portaloj

Other Wikimedia
Aliaj Vikimedioj

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:






Learning resources



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