Portal:Egypt

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Introduction

Flag of Egypt.svg

Egypt (/ˈɪpt/ (About this sound listen) EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصرMiṣr, Egyptian Arabic: مَصرMaṣr, Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba to the east, the Red Sea to the east and south, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the red sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.

Egypt has one of the longest histories of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 6th–4th millennia BCE. Considered a cradle of civilisation, Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government. Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of scientific and popular interest. Egypt's long and rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which has endured, and often assimilated, various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman, and Nubian. Egypt was an early and important centre of Christianity, but was largely Islamised in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian minority.

Selected general articles

Selected general articles

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Amr Elleithy, 2010 UNESCO laureate, is an Egyptian television and radio celebrity. Graduated from the Faculty of Law at Cairo University, he was also attached to the Higher Institute of Arts, where he attained his bachelor's degree at the Direction Section. He later pursued his studies in the field of media, to attain his Master of Science degree in "Interactive media Science" University of Adams Smith, USA. in 2001.He was awarded his PHD degree, with distinction, from the Higher Institute of Criticism, in conjunction with the Faculty of Media, Cairo University, 2012. Read more...
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Ahmed Fathi Abdelmonem Ahmed Ibrahim (Arabic: أحمد فتحي‎; sometimes spelt Fathy, born 10 November 1984) is an Egyptian professional footballer who plays for Al Ahly.

Born in Banha, he has played a variety of roles in the midfield, including right and defensive midfield and has also occasionally played in the right back role for club and country. He started his career with Egyptian side Ismaily SC before moving to England to play in the Premier League with Sheffield United in 2007. Fathy returned to Egypt after only a few months however, signing for his current side Al Ahly where he has remained since, whilst also spending some time on loan at both Kuwait side Kazma and Hull City back in England. Alongside his club career, Fathy has represented Egypt since 2002, playing over one hundred games and scoring nine goals for his country. Read more...
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Hossam Hassan Hussein (Arabic: حسام حسن حسين‎; born 10 August 1966) is an Egyptian retired footballer who played as a striker, and the current manager of Pyramids in the Egyptian Premier League.

A prolific goalscorer, he is Egypt's all-time top scorer with 69 goals in 169 appearances. His twin brother Ibrahim also played professional football, and they shared teams for most of their extensive careers. Read more...
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Nagy Habib (born 5 August 1952) is a Professor of Surgery based in London.

Professor of Hepato-biliary Surgery
Division of Surgery, Oncology, Reproductive Biology and Anaesthetics,
Imperial College London Read more...
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Hatshepsut (/hætˈʃɛpsʊt/; also Hatchepsut; Egyptian: ḥꜣt-šps.wt "Foremost of Noble Ladies"; 1507–1458 BC) was the fifth pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. She was the second historically-confirmed female pharaoh, the first being Sobekneferu. (Various other women may have also ruled as pharaohs regnant or at least regents before Hatshepsut, as early as Neithhotep around 1600 years prior.)

Hatshepsut came to the throne of Egypt in 1478 BC. Officially, she ruled jointly with Thutmose III, who had ascended to the throne the previous year as a child of about two years old. Hatshepsut was the chief wife of Thutmose II, Thutmose III’s father. She is generally regarded by Egyptologists as one of the most successful pharaohs, reigning longer than any other woman of an indigenous Egyptian dynasty. According to Egyptologist James Henry Breasted she is also known as "the first great woman in history of whom we are informed." Read more...
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With wife Princess Fawzia

Ismail Hussein Chirine (17 October 1919 – 14 June 1994) was a royal Egyptian diplomat. He served as commander in chief of the Egyptian army. His ancestors had relations to Muhammad Ali Dynasty. Read more...
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Anwar Sadat in 1978

Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat (/səˈdæt/; Arabic: محمد أنور الساداتMuḥammad Anwar as-Sādāt, Egyptian: [muħæmmæd ˈʔɑnwɑɾ essæˈdæːt]; 25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981. Sadat was a senior member of the Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, under whom he served as Vice President twice and whom he succeeded as President in 1970.

In his eleven years as president, he changed Egypt's trajectory, departing from many of the political and economic tenets of Nasserism, re-instituting a multi-party system, and launching the Infitah economic policy. As President, he led Egypt in the Yom Kippur War of 1973 to regain Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, which Israel had occupied since the Six-Day War of 1967, making him a hero in Egypt and, for a time, the wider Arab World. Afterwards, he engaged in negotiations with Israel, culminating in the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty; this won him and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin the Nobel Peace Prize, making Sadat the first Muslim Nobel laureate. Although reaction to the treaty—which resulted in the return of Sinai to Egypt—was generally favorable among Egyptians, it was rejected by the country's Muslim Brotherhood and the left, which felt Sadat had abandoned efforts to ensure a Palestinian state. With the exception of Sudan, the Arab world and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) strongly opposed Sadat's efforts to make a separate peace with Israel without prior consultations with the Arab states. His refusal to reconcile with them over the Palestinian issue resulted in Egypt being suspended from the Arab League from 1979 to 1989. The peace treaty was also one of the primary factors that led to his assassination; on 6 October 1981, militants led by Khalid Islambouli opened fire on Sadat with automatic rifles during the 6 October parade in Cairo, killing him. Read more...
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Mahmoud Kabil (Arabic: محمود قابيل‎, born May 19, 1946) is an award-winning Egyptian actor and political activist. He is also the UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador for the Middle East and North Africa. Kabil served as an officer in the Military of Egypt's Special Forces before becoming a promising actor in Egyptian cinema during the 1970s. Blacklisted in 1980, Kabil moved to the United States and took a 14-year hiatus from acting. He made a successful comeback upon his return to Egypt in 1993, and has since starred in more than 50 films and TV series on his way to becoming one of Egypt's most popular actors. After years of involvement with the United Nations, Kabil was named a UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador in November 2003. Read more...
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Farag Foda in 1969

Farag Foda (also Farag Fouda, Egyptian Arabic: فرج فوده‎, IPA: [ˈfɑɾɑɡ ˈfoːdæ] or [-ˈfuːdæ]; 1946 – 9 June 1992), was a prominent professor, writer, columnist, and human rights activist. He was assassinated on 9th of June 1992 by members of Islamist group El Gama'a El Islamya after being accused of blasphemy by a committee of clerics (ulama) at al-Azhar. Foda was one of 202 people killed by "politically motivated assaults" in Egypt between March 1992 and September 1993. In December 1992, his collected works were banned. Read more...
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Moustafa Amar (Egyptian Arabic: مصطفى قمر‎) (born Moustafa Ahmed Amar Egyptian Arabic: مصطفى أحمد قمر‎ in 1966) is an Egyptian musician and actor. Read more...
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Tamer Shaaban (born November 2, 1988 in Buffalo, New York) is an Egyptian American filmmaker, writer, and actor. On January 25, 2011, he released a video montage onto the Internet showing the Egyptian people’s frustrations with the then-regime that sparked the revolution. His first film, blocked in Egypt, Saudi Arabia, The United Arab Emirates, and Jordan, managed to receive over 2 million views. It was featured in The Huffington Post, went viral on Reddit, YouTube, and Facebook, shown 1.2 million times by the end of January on YouTube and shared more than 150,000 times on Facebook. He was named one of the "25 Most influential and powerful young people in the world" by YSA which was sponsored by the Huffington Post. Read more...
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Ahmed Abdullah Al-Mwawi (1897–1979?), also Mawawi or Muwawi, was a major general in the Egyptian Army. He served as the General Commander of the Egyptian expeditionary force during 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Read more...
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Boutros Ghali (1846 – 21 February 1910; Coptic: Ⲡⲉⲧⲣⲟⲥ Ⲅⲁⲗⲓ, Arabic: بطرس غالى‎; styled Boutros Ghali Bey, later Pasha or Boutros Bey, later Pasha Ghali) was the prime minister of Egypt from 1908 to 1910. Read more...
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Mido in 2008

Ahmed Hossam Hussein Abdelhamid (Arabic: أحمد حسام حسين‎; born 23 February 1983), publicly known as Mido, is an Egyptian football manager. He is also a television presenter and former footballer who played as a striker.

Mido started his career with Zamalek in Egypt in 1999. He left the club for Gent of Belgium in 2000, where he won the Belgian Ebony Shoe. This led to a move to Dutch side Ajax in 2001, from where he joined Celta Vigo on loan in 2003. His next destination was Marseille in France and he left them for Italian side Roma in 2004. He joined English side Tottenham Hotspur on an 18-month loan in 2005 and eventually joined the club permanently in 2006. He left the club in 2007 to join Middlesbrough, from whom he joined Wigan Athletic, Zamalek, West Ham United and Ajax on loan. In 2011, he rejoined Zamalek, before joining Barnsley in 2012. He also played for Egypt 51 times, scoring 20 goals. Mido retired from football in June 2013. Read more...
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Farkhonda Hassan (Arabic: فرخندة حسن‎) (born 1930) is a professor of Geology at the American University in Cairo (AUC) and is chair of the Commission on Human Development and Local Administration of the Shura Council. Read more...
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Rifa'a al-Tahtawy, 1801-1873.

Rifa'a al-Tahtawi (also spelt Tahtawy; Arabic: رفاعة رافع الطهطاوي‎ / ALA-LC: Rifā‘ah Rāf‘i al-Ṭahṭāwī; 1801–1873) was an Egyptian writer, teacher, translator, Egyptologist and renaissance intellectual. Tahtawi was among the first Egyptian scholars to write about Western cultures in an attempt to bring about a reconciliation and an understanding between Islamic and Christian civilizations. He founded the School of Languages in 1835 and was influential in the development of science, law, literature and Egyptology in 19th-century Egypt. His work influenced that of many later scholars including Muhammad Abduh. Read more...
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Masri Feki is a French writer, researcher in the Paris 8 University, and a specialist of the geopolitics and the Middle East who lives in Paris. He is Middle East Pact's founding president and author of numerous articles published in newspapers of the Middle East and North Africa, including Al-Seyassah (Kuwait), Hürriyet (Turkey), Turkish Daily News (Turkey), The Jerusalem Post (Israel), Al-Ahram (Egypt) and El Watan (Algeria). Read more...
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Muhammad Shaaban (born on 13 June 1942) is a career Egyptian diplomat who served as the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for General Assembly and Conference Management, until July 2012. He was appointed to the position by United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon in February 2007.

Shaaban has acquired extensive knowledge about the United Nations. From 1984 to 1988, he served as Egypt's representative to the Second Committee of the United Nations Economic and Social Council, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and several intergovernmental bodies and committees. Between 1985 and 1986, he acted as the Coordinator of the "Group of 77" developing countries and China. Read more...
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El-Telmissany at one of his interviews.

Tarek El-Telmissany (Arabic: طارق التلمساني‎) (April 22, 1950 is one of the most famous cinematographers in Egypt, the Middle East and Africa. Worked as a Director of Photography for documentary films since 1980. A Director of Photography at the National Cinema Center since 1983.

Tarek El-Telmissany has a unique style in lighting which he learned from his professors in "VGIK" The Gerasimov All-Russian State Institute of Cinematography in Russia. Read more...
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Nawal El Saadawi

Nawal El Saadawi (Arabic: نوال السعداوي‎, born 27 October 1931) is an Egyptian feminist writer, activist, physician, and psychiatrist. She has written many books on the subject of women in Islam, paying particular attention to the practice of female genital mutilation in her society. She has been described as "the Simone de Beauvoir of the Arab World".

She is founder and president of the Arab Women's Solidarity Association and co-founder of the Arab Association for Human Rights. She has been awarded honorary degrees on three continents. In 2004, she won the North–South Prize from the Council of Europe. In 2005, she won the Inana International Prize in Belgium, and in 2012, the International Peace Bureau awarded her the 2012 Seán MacBride Peace Prize. Read more...
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Aziz Suryal Atiya'[[Aziz Suryal Atiya| (Arabic: ]]عزيز سوريال عطية‎; July 5, 1898 – September 24, 1988) was an Egyptian Coptologist who was a Coptic historian and scholar and an expert in Islamic and Crusades studies.

Atiya was the founder of the Institute of Coptic Studies in Cairo in 1950s, and was also the founder of the Middle East Center, University of Utah. Read more...
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The Cairo Tower by Naoum Shebib


Naoum Shebib (1915–1985), (or Naoum Chebib,نعوم شبيب), of Lebanese origin, is considered one of the leading Egyptian architects and the precursor of modern architecture in Egypt. He was also a structural engineer and entrepreneur. His most famous work is undoubtedly the Cairo Tower, which is the tallest structure in Egypt, rising 187 meters. Read more...
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Isma'il ibn Ahmad ibn Hassan bani Yani (Arabic: إسماعيل بن أحمد بن حسن بني يني‎), known simply as Isma'il Ragheb Pasha (Arabic: إسماعيل راغب باشا‎) (1819–1884), was a Greek Ottoman politician who served as Prime Minister of Egypt and held several other high-ranking government positions.

Isma'il Ragheb was of Greek ancestry and was born in Greece on 18 August 1819 on either the island of Chios following the great Massacre or Candia Crete. After being kidnapped to Anatolia he was brought to Egypt as a slave by Ibrahim Pasha in 1830 and was converted to Islam. Immediately following his arrival, he studied at al-Maktab al-Amiri and obtained his advanced degree in 1834. He was fluent in Greek and was elevated to the rank of First Lieutenant by Egypt's viceroy Muhammad Ali Pasha. In 1836, he became head of the Accounting and Revenue Agencies. He was promoted to the rank of bikbashi (Lieutenant Colonel) in 1840, then kaymakam (Colonel) in 1844, and finally amiralay (Brigadier General) in 1846. Read more...
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Zain al-Din Muhammad Abdul Hady (Arabic: زين الدين محمد عبد الهادي) (born 1 December 1956) is an Egyptian researcher, novelist and writer. Read more...
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Taqi al-Din Abu al-Abbas Ahmad ibn 'Ali ibn 'Abd al-Qadir ibn Muhammad al-Maqrizi (1364–1442) (Arabic: تقى الدين أحمد بن على بن عبد القادر بن محمد المقريزى) was an Egyptian Arab historian more commonly known as al-Maqrizi or Makrizi. Although he was "a Mamluk-era historian and himself a Sunni Muslim, he is remarkable in this context for his unusually keen interest in the Isma'ili Fatimid dynasty and its role in Egyptian history." Read more...
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Ahmed Nazif (Arabic: أحمد نظيف‎, Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [ˈæħmæd nɑˈzˤiːf]; born 8 July 1952) served as the Prime Minister of Egypt from 14 July 2004 to 29 January 2011, when his cabinet was dismissed by President Hosni Mubarak in light of a popular uprising that led to the Egyptian Revolution of 2011. Nazif was Acting President of Egypt from 5 March to 15 April 2010, when President Mubarak delegated his authorities to Nazif while undergoing surgery in Germany. Read more...
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Anwar Sadat in 1978

Muhammad Anwar el-Sadat (/səˈdæt/; Arabic: محمد أنور الساداتMuḥammad Anwar as-Sādāt, Egyptian: [muħæmmæd ˈʔɑnwɑɾ essæˈdæːt]; 25 December 1918 – 6 October 1981) was the third President of Egypt, serving from 15 October 1970 until his assassination by fundamentalist army officers on 6 October 1981. Sadat was a senior member of the Free Officers who overthrew King Farouk in the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, and a close confidant of President Gamal Abdel Nasser, under whom he served as Vice President twice and whom he succeeded as President in 1970.

In his eleven years as president, he changed Egypt's trajectory, departing from many of the political and economic tenets of Nasserism, re-instituting a multi-party system, and launching the Infitah economic policy. As President, he led Egypt in the Yom Kippur War of 1973 to regain Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, which Israel had occupied since the Six-Day War of 1967, making him a hero in Egypt and, for a time, the wider Arab World. Afterwards, he engaged in negotiations with Israel, culminating in the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty; this won him and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin the Nobel Peace Prize, making Sadat the first Muslim Nobel laureate. Although reaction to the treaty—which resulted in the return of Sinai to Egypt—was generally favorable among Egyptians, it was rejected by the country's Muslim Brotherhood and the left, which felt Sadat had abandoned efforts to ensure a Palestinian state. With the exception of Sudan, the Arab world and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) strongly opposed Sadat's efforts to make a separate peace with Israel without prior consultations with the Arab states. His refusal to reconcile with them over the Palestinian issue resulted in Egypt being suspended from the Arab League from 1979 to 1989. The peace treaty was also one of the primary factors that led to his assassination; on 6 October 1981, militants led by Khalid Islambouli opened fire on Sadat with automatic rifles during the 6 October parade in Cairo, killing him. Read more...
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Ahmed Lutfi el-Sayed or Aḥmad Luṭfī Sayyid Pasha (IPA: [ˈæħmæd ˈlotˤfi (ʔe)sˈsæjjed]) (15 January 1872 – 5 March 1963) was an Egyptian intellectual, anti-colonial activist and the first director of Cairo University. He was an influential person in the Egyptian nationalist movement and used his position in the media to strive and gain an independent Egypt from British rule. He was also one of the architects of modern Egyptian nationalism as well as the architect of Egyptian secularism and liberalism. He was fondly known as the "Professor of the Generation". Lutfi was one of the fiercest opponents of pan-Arabism, insisting that Egyptians are Egyptians and not Arabs. He is considered one of the most influential scholars and intellectuals in the history of Egypt. Read more...
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Farouk El-Baz (Egyptian Arabic: فاروق الباز‎, Pronunciation: [fɑˈruːʔ elˈbæːz, fæˈruːʔ]) (born January 2, 1938) is an Egyptian American space scientist who worked with NASA to assist in the planning of scientific exploration of the Moon, including the selection of landing sites for the Apollo missions and the training of astronauts in lunar observations and photography.

He is married, has four daughters, and six grandchildren. El-Baz is the brother of Osama El-Baz, senior advisor to Egypt's former president Hosni Mubarak. Read more...
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This article uses dates and years written in the Coptic calendar, using the A.M. (Anno Martyrum) calendar era, in addition to the Gregorian calendar, using the A.D. (Anno Domini) calendar era.
Saint Pope Cyril VI
Pope of Alexandria
Born (1902-08-08)August 8, 1902
Damanhour, Egypt
Died March 9, 1971(1971-03-09) (aged 68)
Cairo, Egypt
Venerated in Coptic Christianity
Ethiopian Christianity
Canonized 13 Paoni 1729 Anno Martyrum by Coptic Orthodox Church
Feast 30 Meshir
Pope Saint
Cyril (Kyrillos) VI
Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark
Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria.jpg
Papacy began 2 Pashons 1675
(10 May 1959)
Papacy ended 30 Meshir 1687
(9 March 1971)
Predecessor Joseph II
Successor Shenouda III
Personal details
Birth name Azer Youssef Atta
Born 2 Mesori 1618
((1902-08-08)August 8, 1902)
Damanhour, Egypt
Died 30 Meshir 1687
March 9, 1971(1971-03-09) (aged 68)
Cairo, Egypt
Buried Monastery of Saint Mina, Alexandria, Egypt
Nationality Egyptian
Denomination Coptic Orthodox Christian
Residence 1959-1968 Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral (Azbakeya)1968-1971 Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Cairo
Sainthood
Feast day 30 Meshir
(Julian: 24 February)
(Gregorian: 9 March)
Canonized 13 Paoni 1729 Anno Martyrum
(Julian: 7 June)
(Gregorian: 20 June 2013)
Papal styles of
Pope Cyril VI
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Pope (disambiguation) and Patriarch
Posthumous style Saint
Pope Cyril VI of Alexandria also called Abba Kyrillos VI, Coptic: Ⲡⲁⲡⲁ Ⲁⲃⲃⲁ Ⲕⲩⲣⲓⲗⲗⲟⲩ ⲋ̅  ; born (8 August 1902 – 9 March 1971; 2 Mesori 1618 –30 Meshir 1687), 116th Pope of Alexandria & Patriarch of the See of St. Mark from 10 May 1959 (2 Pashons 1675) to his death on 9 March 1971 (30 Meshir 1687). Read more...
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Mohamed Salah Ghaly (Arabic: محمد صلاح غالي‎ , Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [mæˈħam.mæd sˤɑˈlɑːħ ˈɣæːli]; born 15 June 1992) is an Egyptian professional footballer who plays as a forward for Premier League club Liverpool and the Egypt national team. He is considered the world's fourth most expensive player from a transfer value perspective by the CIES.

Salah started his senior career with hometown club El Mokawloon in the Egyptian Premier League in 2010, departing shortly thereafter to join Basel for an undisclosed fee. In Switzerland, he starred as he won the league title in his debut season, winning the SAFP Golden Player Award in the process. Salah's performances then attracted Premier League side Chelsea, and he joined the club for a £11 million fee in 2014. However, he was used sparingly in his debut season and was allowed to leave on loan to Serie A clubs Fiorentina and Roma, with the latter, eventually signing him permanently for €15 million. Read more...
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Robert Hakim (19 December 1907 – 9 February 1992) and Raymond Hakim (23 August 1909 – 14 August 1980) were Egyptian-born brothers who usually worked in collaboration as film producers in France and other European countries. Their brother André Hakim was also a film producer. Read more...
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Fadwa El Guindi, born in Egypt in 1941, is a professor of anthropology with a PhD in anthropology from the University of Texas at Austin (1972). At present she is Distinguished Professor of Anthropology at Qatar University in Doha, Qatar, as well as head of the department of social sciences.

El Guindi graduated from the American University in Cairo, with a BA in Political Science. She worked at the Social Research Centre and participated in the first full-scale ethnographic project to study the way of life of the Nubians of Egypt prior to their government-sponsored relocation due to the building of the Aswan Dam. Read more...
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Abu’l-Maymūn ‘Abd al-Majīd ibn Muḥammad ibn al-Mustanṣir al-Ḥāfiz li-Dīn-Allāh (Arabic: الحافظ‎; c. 1076 – 8 October 1149) was the eleventh Caliph of the Fāṭimids (r. 1130–1149)

Al-Ḥāfiz assumed the Caliphate as the cousin of the murdered al-Āmir (1101–1130). Al-Ḥāfiz ruled initially as a regent of al-Imam aṭ-Ṭayyib Abī al-Qāṣim as Wali al 'Ahd al-Muslimeen and then later as Amir al-Mumimeen/Caliph-Imam. The succession of al-Ḥāfiz was not uncontested - a group of Ismāʿīlī Shī‘ah recognized al-Āmir's son aṭ-Ṭayyib Abī al-Qāṣim as rightful heir, leading to a new schism called the Taiyabi Ismaili. Read more...
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Sam Esmail (Egyptian Arabic: سام إسماعيل, born September 17, 1977) is an American screenwriter, film and television director and producer. He is best known as the creator of the television series Mr. Robot (2015–present). Read more...
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Moustafa Amar (Egyptian Arabic: مصطفى قمر‎) (born Moustafa Ahmed Amar Egyptian Arabic: مصطفى أحمد قمر‎ in 1966) is an Egyptian musician and actor. Read more...
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Abu'l Hasan ʻAlī az-Zāhir li A'zaz li Din-illah (20 June 1005 – 13 June 1036) (Arabic: الظاهر بالله‎) was the Seventh Caliph of the Fātimids (1021–1036). Az-Zāhir assumed the Caliphate after the disappearance of his father Al-Ḥakīm bi Amr al-Lāh. According to the Hijri Calendar, his birth date is 3rd of Ramzaan 395 A.H. Read more...
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Prof Gamal Hamdan

Gamal Hamdan (Arabic: جمال حمدان‎) (February 2, 1928 – April 17, 1993) was an Egyptian scholar and geographer. Among his most prominent books are The Character of Egypt, Studies of the Arab World, and The Contemporary Islamic World Geography, which form a trilogy on Egypt's natural, economic, political and cultural character and its position in the world. Read more...
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Statuette of Imhotep in the Louvre


Imhotep (/ɪmˈhtɛp/; Egyptian: ỉỉ-m-ḥtp *jā-im-ḥātap, in Unicode hieroglyphs: 𓇍𓅓𓊵:𓏏*𓊪, "the one who comes in peace"; fl. late 27th century BC) was an Egyptian chancellor to the pharaoh Djoser, probable architect of the step pyramid, and high priest of the sun god Ra at Heliopolis. Very little is known of Imhotep as a historical figure, but in the 3000 years following his death, he was gradually glorified and deified.

Today, outside the Egyptological community, he is referred to as a polymath, poet, judge, engineer, magician, scribe, astronomer, astrologer, and especially a physician; indeed, some have considered Imhotep alongside Hippocrates and Charaka as the fathers of early medicine. These claims are founded on the legends that flourished in the millennia after his death, not on historical records. No text from his lifetime mentions these capacities and no text mentions his name in the first 1200 years following his death. Apart from the three short contemporary inscriptions that establish him as chancellor to the pharaoh, the first text to reference Imhotep dates to the time of Amenhotep III (c. 1391–1353 BC). It is addressed to the owner of a tomb, and reads: Read more...
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Adel Alexander Darwish (Egyptian Arabic: عادل درويش‎, IPA: [ˈʕæːdel dæɾˈwiːʃ]) is a Westminster-based British political journalist, a veteran Fleet Street reporter, author, historian, broadcaster, and political commentator. Darwish is currently (since 2002) a parliament lobby correspondent based at the Press Gallery of the House of Commons, the Palace of Westminster, specialising in foreign affairs, especially Middle Eastern politics; London University Graduate/Post Graduate 1965/1966–1967.

Darwish is a veteran Fleet Street foreign correspondent and has worked for, engaged by, or written for The Daily Mail, The Daily Telegraph, The Independent, The Daily Express, The News of The World, The Scotsman, Scotland On Sunday, The YorkShire Post, The Washington Post and The Times, and many international newspapers and publications in North America, Asia and the Middle East, as well as maintaining his online blog and publishing several books. He is currently the political editor of World Media, Middle East News and The Middle East Magazine, and a regular contributor to The Tribune. Read more...
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14 November 2018 – Cabinet of Israel
Defence Minister Avigdor Lieberman announces his resignation with effect in 48 hours in response to the Egyptian-mediated ceasefire between Israel and Hamas. (BBC)
4 November 2018 – 2018 Minya bus attack
Egyptian Police kill 19 Islamist militants accused of involvement in an attack on Coptic Christians in central Egypt two days ago. (BBC)
2 November 2018 – 2018 Minya bus attack
An attack on a bus carrying Copts from Sohag Governorate to the Monastery of Saint Samuel the Confessor in Egypt kills seven people and injures several others. (Euronews and Reuters)
26 October 2018 – 2018 Gaza border protests
Israel responds to 40 Palestinian rockets with 80 air strikes on what Israel states are Iranian and Hamas-controlled weapon factories in Gaza. An Egypt-meditated ceasefire is announced by Islamic Jihad soon afterward. (Reuters)
8 October 2018 – Libyan Civil War (2014–present); Terrorism in Egypt
A Libyan National Army operation in Derna results in the capturing of Hesham Ashmawy, one of Egypt's most wanted militants. (BBC)

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