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The Dhaka Portal

Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban, built in 1982, houses the national parliament. It is one of the largest legislative complexes in the world.

Dhaka (Bengali: ঢাকা [ɖʱaka], formerly spelled Dacca; known as Jahangir Nagar, under Mughal rule), is the capital of Bangladesh and the principal city of Dhaka District. Dhaka is a megacity and one of the major cities of South Asia. Located on the banks of the Buriganga River, Dhaka, along with its metropolitan area, has a population of around 13 million, making it the largest city in Bangladesh. It is one of the most densely populated cities in the world and forms the world's 9th largest agglomeration and the largest city within the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation. Dhaka is known as the City of Mosques and renowned for producing the world's finest muslin. Dhaka is also known as the Rickshaw Capital of the World . Approximately 400,000 cycle rickshaws run each day. Today it serves as one of the prime centers for culture, education and business in the region.

Modern Dhaka is the center of political, cultural and economic life in Bangladesh. Although its urban infrastructure is the most developed in the country, Dhaka suffers from urban problems such as pollution, congestion, and lack of adequate services due to the rising population. In recent decades, Dhaka has seen modernization of transport, communications and public works. The city is attracting large foreign investments and greater volumes of commerce and trade. It is also experiencing an increasing influx of people from across the nation.

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The University of Dhaka (commonly referred to as Dhaka University or just DU) (Bengali: ঢাকা বিশ্ববিদ্যালয় Đhaka Bishshobiddalôe) is the oldest and the largest university in Bangladesh with more than 32,000 students and 1,600 teachers. The University of Dhaka demonstrated an inherent strength in its activities during its eventful and often critical existence since it was established in 1921. Today, the university provides trained human resources of Bangladesh engaged in education, science and technology, administration, diplomacy, mass communication, politics, trade and commerce, and industrial enterprises in all sectors.

University of Dhaka is one of the leading research institutes in Bangladesh as, according to WoS (Web of Science), research in Bangladesh is dominated by two institutes: the University of Dhaka and the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) publishing 18% and 17% of all Bangladesh's publications, respectively. It is the only university in Bangladesh to have been listed in AsiaWeek's listing of best Asian Universities in 2000 (64th in the overall category of 77 participating multi-disciplinary universities) and 1999 (37th) rankings.

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Lalbager Kella 01.jpg
Pari Bibi's mazar at the Lalbagh Fort, the center of Mughal military power in Dhaka and an intrinsic part of the history of the city, founded by Muhammad Azam Shah in 1678.
Photo credit: Md. Shahed Faisal

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In the news

  • February 28: Bangladesh mutiny leaves scores of officers dead
  • November 28: Ferry capsizes in Bangladesh, at least five dead and 50 missing

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Web resources

  • Official Dhaka City Corporation website
Tourist Guide
  • Dhaka travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Dhaka travel guide from VirtualBangladesh.com
  • BBC Weather - Dhaka
  • The Daily Star
  • New Age
  • Prothom Alo

Selected panorama

Dhaka Skyline
Credit: Tanweer Morshed

Dhaka skyline, seen from Kawran Bazar, one of the major commercial hubs of the city.

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