Portal:Design

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D e s i g n

The creation of a plan or convention for the construction of an object, system or measurable human interaction (as in architectural blueprints, engineering drawings, business processes, circuit diagrams and sewing patterns). Design has different connotations in different fields (see design disciplines below). In some cases the direct construction of an object (as in pottery, engineering, management, coding and graphic design) is also considered to be design.

Designing often necessitates considering the aesthetic, functional, economic and sociopolitical dimensions of both the design object and design process. It may involve considerable research, thought, modeling, interactive adjustment, and re-design. Meanwhile, diverse kinds of objects may be designed, including clothing, graphical user interfaces, skyscrapers, corporate identities, business processes and even methods of designing.

Thus "design" may be a substantive referring to a categorical abstraction of a created thing or things (the design of something), or a verb for the process of creation, as is made clear by grammatical context. (full article...)

S e l e c t e d   a r t i c l e

The Bauhaus Dessau

Staatliches Bauhaus (About this sound listen ), commonly known simply as Bauhaus, was an art school in Germany that combined crafts and the fine arts, and was famous for the approach to design that it publicised and taught. It operated from 1919 to 1933. At that time, the German term About this sound "bauhaus" —literally "construction house"—was understood as meaning "School of Building".

The Bauhaus was first founded by Walter Gropius in Weimar. In spite of its name and the fact that its founder was an architect, the Bauhaus, during the first years of existence, did not have an architecture department. Nonetheless, it was founded with the idea of creating a "total" work of art (Gesamtkunstwerk) in which all arts, including architecture, would eventually be brought together. The Bauhaus style later became one of the most influential currents in modern design, Modernist architecture and art, design and architectural education. The Bauhaus had a profound influence upon subsequent developments in art, architecture, graphic design, interior design, industrial design, and typography.

The school existed in three German cities: Weimar from 1919 to 1925, Dessau from 1925 to 1932 and Berlin from 1932 to 1933, under three different architect-directors: Walter Gropius from 1919 to 1928, Hannes Meyer from 1928 to 1930 and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe from 1930 until 1933, when the school was closed by its own leadership under pressure from the Nazi regime, having been painted as a centre of communist intellectualism. Although the school was closed, the staff continued to spread its idealistic precepts as they left Germany and emigrated all over the world.

The changes of venue and leadership resulted in a constant shifting of focus, technique, instructors, and politics. For instance: the pottery shop was discontinued when the school moved from Weimar to Dessau, even though it had been an important revenue source; when Mies van der Rohe took over the school in 1930, he transformed it into a private school, and would not allow any supporters of Hannes Meyer to attend it.



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R e c o g n i z e d  C o n t e n t

C a t e g o r i e s

T h e m a t i c   i n d e x

a
b
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Alvar Aalto • Eero Aarnio • Jacques Adnet • Hans Peter Aglassinger • Ron Arad • Gae Aulenti • Milo Baughman • Mario Bellini • Yves Béhar • Lina Bo Bardi • Ernest Boiceau  • Mario Botta • Ronan & Erwan Bouroullec • Marcel Breuer • Josef Müller-Brockmann • Achille Castiglioni • Pierre Chapo • Pierre Chareau • Joe Colombo • Terence Conran

d
e
f

Robin Day • Christian Dell • Donald Deskey • Niels Diffrient • Nanna Ditzel • Tom Dixon • Joe Doucet • Henry Dreyfuss • Johanna Drucker • James Dyson • Mark Dziersk • Charles Eames • Ray Eames • Preben Fabricius • Norman Foster • Paul T. Frankl

g
h
i

Eugène Gaillard • Milton Glaser • Eileen Gray • April Greiman • Hector Guimard • Frank Gehry • Michael Graves • Zaha Hadid • Paul Hatch • Poul Henningsen • Josef Hoffmann • Hans Hollein • Toyo Ito • Jonathan Ive

j
k
l

Arne Jacobsen • Grete Jalk • Charles Jencks • Charles Kaisin • Tibor Kalman • Dennis L. Kappen • Poul Kjærholm • Manfred Kielnhofer • Florence Knoll • Shiro Kuramata • Le Corbusier • Jules Leleu • David Lewis • Raymond Loewy • Ross Lovegrove • Greg Lynn

m
n
o

Charles Rennie Mackintosh • Vico Magistretti • Sam Maloof • André Mare • Enzo Mari • Bruno Mathsson • Ingo Maurer • Paul McCobb • Katherine McCoy • Richard Meier • Alessandro Mendini • Ito Morabito • Jasper Morrison • Olivier Mourgue • Paola Navone, • Nolen Niu, • George Nelson • Marc Newson • Isamu Noguchi • Jean Nouvel • Frank Nuovo •

p
q
r

Satyendra Pakhale • Verner Panton • Charlotte Perriand • Gaetano Pesce • Charles Pelly • Giò Ponti • Ferdinand Alexander Porsche • Jean Prouvé • Dieter Rams • Paul Rand • Gerrit Rietveld • Aldo Rossi

s
t
u

Eero Saarinen • Richard Sapper • Maarten van Severen • Hans Erich Slany • Ettore Sottsass • Philippe Starck • Roger Tallon • Michael Thonet • Edward Tufte • Patricia Urquiola

v
w
x
y
z

Robert Venturi • Jonas Vollmer • Hans Wegner • Russel Wright • Marco Zanuso • Peter Zumthor

firms

Alessi • Apple Inc. • Artek • Artemide • Bang & Olufsen • Braun • Cappellini • Cassina • Ekornes • Herman Miller • IDEO • IKEA • Iittala • Kartell • Knoll • Staples • Roche Bobois • Vitra • Vitsoe • Future Systems • MVRDV • SANAA • TEAMS Design

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Office

Systems furniture • Hotel design • Office landscape • cubicle

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Decorative arts

Arts and Crafts • Folk art • Art Nouveau • Victoriana • Woodworking

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Wall coverings

Mural • Tapestry • Fresco painting • Graffiti

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Ornamentation

Glass • Leather • Weaving • Ceramics

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Tiling

Frumuseni mosaics • Pietra dura • Tile

W o r l d   o f   d e s i g n

movements

Art nouveau • Art déco • Bauhaus • Memphis Group • List of notable industrial designers

schools

Art Center College of Design • Rhode Island School of Design • École Nissim de Camondo • The Designers Republic

design

Architectural design • Interaction design • Digital design • Industrial design • Eco-designMaterials • Consumer goods • Processes • Sensory design

awards

German Design Award • Apple Design Awards • Compasso d'Oro • Design Museum's Designer of the Year • Good Design Award (Chicago) • Good Design Award (Japan) • Royal Designers for Industry

museums

MoMA • Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Paris • Vitra Design Museum • Design Museum Holon

media

Domus

other

Aeronautics • Automotive design • Naval architecture

R e l a t e d   p o r t a l s

A s s o c i a t e d   W i k i m e d i a   p r o j e c t s

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