Portal:Death

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Death

Death is the termination of the biological functions that define a living organism. It refers both to a particular event and to the condition that results thereby. The true nature of the latter has, for millennia, been a central concern of the world's religious traditions and of philosophical enquiry. Belief in some kind of afterlife or rebirth is a central aspect of many religious traditions. Within the scientific community, many suppose death to terminate mind or consciousness. The effect of physical death on any possible mind or soul remains for many an open question. Cognitive science has yet to explain the origin and nature of consciousness; any view about the existence or non-existence of consciousness after death remains speculative.

Humans and the vast majority of other animals die in due course from senescence. Remarkable exceptions include the hydra, and the jellyfish Turritopsis dohrnii, which is thought to possess in effect biological immortality.

Intervening phenomena which commonly bring about death earlier include malnutrition, disease, or accidents resulting in terminal physical injury. Predation is a cause of death for many species. Intentional human activity causing death includes suicide, homicide, and war. Roughly 150,000 people die each day across the globe. Death in the natural world can also occur as an indirect result of human activity: an increasing cause of species depletion in recent times has been destruction of ecosystems as a consequence of the widening spread of industrial technology.

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Selected article

Illustration of the Black Death from the Toggenburg Bible (1411)
The Black Death was one of the deadliest pandemics in human history, peaking in Europe between 1348 and 1350. It is widely thought to have been an outbreak of bubonic plague caused by the bacterium Yersinia pestis, but this view has recently been challenged. Usually thought to have started in Central Asia, it had reached the Crimea by 1346 and from there, probably carried by fleas residing on the black rats that were regular passengers on merchant ships, it spread throughout the Mediterranean and Europe. The Black Death is estimated to have killed 30% to 60% of Europe's population, reducing the world's population from an estimated 450 million to between 350 and 375 million in 1400. This has been seen as creating a series of religious, social and economic upheavals which had profound effects on the course of European history. It took 150 years for Europe's population to recover. The plague returned at various times, resulting in a larger number of deaths, until it left Europe in the 19th century.

Selected picture

Dance of Death Stained Glass
Credit: Tobyc75

Stained Glass window from Berne Muenster cathedral. This series of images represent death claiming people from all walks of life. These images were very common during the Black Death in Europe.

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Rudolf Schiestl (1878-1931) - Tod von Basel.jpg

Anniversaries of death

Obituaries

Wikinews Obituaries
  • October 5: US rock artist Tom Petty dies at 66
  • September 27: British actor Tony Booth dies at 85
  • September 11: Fox News cuts ties with journalist Eric Bolling amid sexual misconduct claims; his son dies hours later
  • August 14: Mozilla, Creative Commons, Wikimedia Foundation announce Bassel Khartabil Free Culture fellowship following execution of open culture activist
  • August 7: Former Governor of Texas Mark White dies aged 77
  • July 30: British dancer and talent show winner Robert Anker dies in car accident aged 27

Disasters and accidents

Wikinews Disasters and accidents
  • September 15: Device explodes on London Tube train at Parsons Green
  • September 4: Frankfurt defuses World War II-era bomb, evacuates 60,000
  • August 28: Many in Texas still reeling following hurricane Harvey
  • July 30: British dancer and talent show winner Robert Anker dies in car accident aged 27
  • June 3: Death toll exceeds 200 after heavy rain and mudslides in Sri Lanka
  • May 21: Fatal police helicopter crash in Slovakia due to technical failure: preliminary Interior Ministry finding

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Quote

"Either death is a state of nothingness and utter unconsciousness, or, as men say, there is a change and migration of the soul from this world to another. ...Now if death be of such a nature, I say that to die is to gain; for eternity is then only a single night."

Plato "The Apology" Socrates, Sec. 40
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Major topics

Death project

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The Death WikiProject is a collaboration that helps to assemble writers and editors interested in Death.
The aim of this project is to standardize and improve articles related to Death, and to create any missing articles
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