Portal:Cumbria

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Cumbria

Herdwick sheep crop.jpg

Cumbria /ˈkʌmbrɪə/, is a shire county in the extreme North West of England. Cumbria came into existence as a county in 1974 after the passage of the Local Government Act 1972. The county consists of six districts, Barrow-in-Furness, South Lakeland, Copeland, Allerdale, Eden and City of Carlisle. The county has a total population of 498,800. Cumbria, the third largest county in England, is bound to the west by the Irish Sea, to the south by Lancashire, to the southeast by North Yorkshire, and to the east by County Durham and Northumberland. Scotland lies directly to the north. Much of the county is mountainous, with the highest point of the county (and of England) being Scafell Pike at 978 m (3210 ft). All the territory in England that is over 3,000 feet above sea level is in Cumbria. (more...)

Selected article

A Herdwick ewe.
The Herdwick is a heritage breed of domestic sheep native to the Lake District of Cumbria in North West England. Heritage sheep breeds are defined as those that are geographically concentrated in a single region, environmentally adapted to that region and genetically distinct. Importantly heritage sheep breeds are not rare, they are commercially farmed, exist in substantial numbers and play a really important role in economic and environmental sustainability of their regions. The name "Herdwick" is derived from the Old Norse herdvyck, meaning sheep pasture. Though low in lambing capacity and wool quality when compared to more common commercial breeds such as Merino sheep, Herdwicks are prized for their robust health, their ability to live solely on forage, and their tendency to be territorial and not to stray over the difficult upland terrain of the Lake District. An integral part of the cultural identity of the Lake District, 95% of all Herdwicks are found around the Coniston Fells.

Severely threatened by the 2001 outbreak of foot-and-mouth disease in England and Wales, the breed has survived due to the intent to preserve this unique animal as a crucial part of traditional Lakeland agriculture. Still far less in number than most commercial breeds, Herdwicks survive largely due to farming subsidies and the aid of the British National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty. (more...)

Selected mountain

The summit of Scafell Pike, seen from neighbouring Broad Crag
At 978 metres (3,209 ft), Scafell Pike is the highest mountain in England. It is located in the Lake District National Park. It is sometimes confused with the neighbouring Sca Fell, to which it is connected by the col of Mickledore. The name Pikes of Sca Fell was originally applied collectively to the peaks now known as Scafell Pike, Ill Crag and Broad Crag, which were considered subsidiary tops of Sca Fell (which looks higher from many angles).

The summit was donated to the National Trust in 1919 by Lord Leconfield in memory of the men of the Lake District "who fell for God and King, for freedom, peace and right in the Great War". Scafell Pike is one of three British mountains climbed as part of the (National) Three Peaks Challenge. (more...)

Selected lake

Haweswater Reservoir, as seen from Harter Fell
Haweswater is a reservoir built in the valley of Mardale. The controversial construction of the Haweswater dam started in 1929, after Parliament passed an Act giving the Manchester Corporation permission to build the reservoir to supply water for the urban conurbations of north-west England. At the time, there was public outcry about the decision, as the valley of Mardale was populated by the farming villages of Measand and Mardale Green and the construction of the reservoir would mean that these villages would be flooded and lost and the population would have to be moved. In addition, the valley was considered one of the most picturesque in Westmorland and many people thought it should be left alone. (more...)

Recognised content

Featured articles Featured article

Brougham CastleHMS Cardiff (D108)Norman Birkett, 1st Baron Birkett

Featured pictures Featured picture

File:Derwent Water, Keswick - June 2009.jpgFile:Helvellyn Striding Edge 360 Panorama, Lake District - June 09.jpgFile:Keswick, Cumbria Panorama 1 - June 2009.jpgFile:Keswick Panorama - Oct 2009.jpgFile:Catbells Northern Ascent, Lake District - June 2009.jpgFile:Glenridding, Cumbria, England - June 2009.jpg

Good articles Good article

Andrew Johnston (singer)Askam and IrelethBrough CastleGrayrigg derailmentHerdwickLady in the Lake trialNethermost PikeThe Story of a Fierce Bad RabbitThe Story of Miss MoppetThe Tale of Benjamin BunnyThe Tale of Jemima Puddle-DuckThe Tale of Mr. Jeremy FisherThe Tale of Mr. TodThe Tale of Mrs. Tiggy-WinkleThe Tale of Mrs. TittlemouseThe Tale of The Flopsy BunniesThe Tale of Timmy Tiptoes

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Selected picture

A 360 degree view from the summit of Catbells near Keswick on Derwent Water in the Lake District.
Credit: Diliff
A 360 degree view from the summit of Catbells near Keswick on Derwent Water in the Lake District.

Topics

CumbriaList of Cumbria-related topicsLake District

Towns (list of places in Cumbria)

Barrow-in-FurnessCarlisleCleator MoorCockermouthDalton-in-FurnessEgremontKendalKeswickMaryportMillomPenrithUlverstonWhitehavenWindermereWigtonWindermereWorkington

Lakes (list of lakes in the Lake District)

Bassenthwaite LakeBrotherswaterButtermereConiston WaterCrummock WaterDerwent WaterDevoke WaterElter WaterEnnerdale WaterEsthwaite WaterGrasmereHaweswater ReservoirHayeswaterLoweswaterRydal WaterThirlmereUllswaterWast WaterWindermere

Mountains (list of fells in the Lake District, list of hills in the Lake District)

Scafell PikeScafellHelvellynSkiddawGreat EndBowfellGreat GablePillarNethermost PikeCatstycamEsk PikeRaise (Lake District)FairfieldBlencathraSkiddaw Little ManWhite SideCrinkle CragsDollywaggon PikeGreat DoddGrasmoorStybarrow DoddSt Sunday CragScoat FellCrag HillHigh Street

Farming, food and wildlife

Cumberland sausageHerdwickJennings BrewerySchellyVendaceYan Tan Tethera

History

Carlisle CathedralCarvetiiCastlerigg stone circleCastlesClifton Moor SkirmishCumberlandDialectHistoric housesRhegedShootings (2010)Westmorland

People (Demography of Cumbria)

Donald CampbellSamuel Taylor ColeridgeMargaret FellEmlyn HughesStan LaurelCatherine ParrArthur RansomeStella RimingtonGeorge RomneyJohn RuskinBeatrix PotterAlfred WainwrightWilliam Wordsworth

Sport

Cricket (Cumberland County Cricket Club, North Lancashire and Cumbria League) • Cumberland and Westmorland wrestlingFell running • Football • (Barrow A.F.C., Carlisle United F.C., Workington A.F.C.) • Rugby League (Barrow Raiders, Barrow & District League, Carlisle Centurions, Carlisle RLFC, Cumberland League, Whitehaven RLFC, Workington Town) • Uppies and Downies

Related portals

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