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Portal:Criminal justice

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Scales of Justice
Criminal justice is the system of practices, and organizations, used by national and local governments, directed at maintaining social control, deterring and controlling crime, and sanctioning those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation. The primary agencies charged with these responsibilities are law enforcement (police and prosecutors), courts, defense attorneys and local jails and prisons which administer the procedures for arrest, charging, adjudication and punishment of those found guilty. When processing the accused through the criminal justice system, government must keep within the framework of laws that protect individual rights. The pursuit of criminal justice is, like all forms of "justice", "fairness" or "process", essentially the pursuit of an ideal. Throughout history, criminal justice has taken on many different forms which often reflect the cultural mores of society.
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Students gather to mourn after the shooting
The Virginia Tech massacre was a school shooting comprising two separate attacks about two hours apart on April 16, 2007, on the Virginia Tech campus in Blacksburg, Virginia, United States. The perpetrator, Seung-Hui Cho, killed 32 people and wounded many more, before committing suicide, making it the deadliest school shooting in U.S. history. Cho, a South Korean who had moved to the United States at age eight, was a senior English major at Virginia Tech. Cho had been diagnosed with and was treated for a severe anxiety disorder in middle school, and he continued receiving therapy and special education support until his junior year of high school. While in college in 2005, Cho had been accused of stalking two female students and was declared mentally ill by a Virginia special justice. At least one professor had asked him to seek counseling. The incident sparked intense debate about gun violence, gun laws, gaps in the U.S. system for treating mental health issues, the perpetrator's state of mind, the responsibility of college administrations, privacy laws, journalism ethics, and other issues. Television news organizations that aired portions of the killer's multimedia manifesto were criticized by victims' families, Virginia law enforcement officials, and the American Psychiatric Association. The incident prompted immediate changes in Virginia law, and led to passage of the first major federal gun control measure in more than 13 years, a law that strengthens the National Instant Criminal Background Check System, signed by President George W. Bush on January 5, 2008.

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Metropolitan Police Dept. of D.C. providing security for Gerald Ford's funeral
Credit: Aude

Police car outside the National Cathedral, as the funeral for Gerald Ford is ending. The Metropolitan Police Department of the District of Columbia, also known as the D.C. Police, D.C. Metro, MPD, MPDC, or DCMPD is the municipal police force for Washington, D.C. It is one of the ten largest police forces within the United States.

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  • July 9: India Supreme Court overrules High Court: rivers Yamuna, Ganga no longer living entities
  • July 3: German Bundestag votes for same-sex marriage
  • July 2: Third Trump travel ban takes effect
  • July 1: Czech parliament votes in favour of legalising firearms possession
  • June 30: Thousands gather in Jantar Mantar and other cities to protest against mob violence
  • June 28: Police stop LGBT march in Istanbul for third consecutive year
  • June 24: Ohio judge declares mistrial for officer who shot Samuel DuBose
  • June 21: Bihar class X student allegedly gang raped, thrown from moving train
  • June 20: Judge declares mistrial in Bill Cosby sexual assault case
  • June 16: Shooter targets Congressional baseball practice in Virginia, six hospitalized

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[[Image:{{{image}}}|115px|Matthew Cox Secret Service Wanted poster]]
Matthew Bevan Cox (born July 2, 1969), also sometimes known as Matthew B. Cox and Matt Cox, is an American felon and con man who has been convicted of conspiracy and grand theft. Cox, also an aspiring author, wrote an unpublished manuscript entitled The Associates. In the manuscript a character, which was most likely based upon himself, travelled the country committing mortgage fraud. Cox later committed crimes in almost exactly the same manner as the character in the novel had. Cox was able to falsify documents to make it appear as though he owned properties which he did not, and then was able to fraudulently obtain several mortgages on the properties for 5–6 times their actual worth. Throughout his criminal career Cox is estimated to have acquired several million dollars in this manner. He also enlisted the help of several female accomplices, some of whom are now in prison or have served time in prison. Cox was apprehended by authorities on November 16, 2006. Indicted on 42 counts, with prison sentences of potentially 400 years if convicted, Cox plea bargained his sentence down to a maximum of 54 years on April 11, 2007.

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The Gus J. Solomon United States Courthouse in Portland, Oregon.

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H. L. Mencken
The doctrine that the cure for the evils of democracy is more democracy is like saying that the cure of crime is more crime.
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