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Icona editWelcome to the Crimea Portal
Location of Crimea in Europe.

The Crimean peninsula (Crimean Tatar: Qırım yarımadası, Russian: Крымский полуостров, Ukrainian: Кримський півострів; historically also the Tauric peninsula), also known as simply Crimea, is a major land mass on the northern coast of the Black Sea that is almost completely surrounded by water. The peninsula is located just south of the Ukrainian mainland and west of the Russian region of Kuban. It is surrounded by two seas: the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the east. It is connected with the Ukrainian mainland by the Isthmus of Perekop and is separated from Kuban by the Strait of Kerch. The Arabat Spit is located to the northeast; a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov.

Since antiquity the peninsula has changed hands numerous times, with all or part having been controlled by Cimmerians, Bulgars, Greeks, Scythians, Romans, Goths, Huns, Khazars, Kievan Rus', the Byzantine Empire, Venice, Genoa, Kipchaks, the Golden Horde, the Ottoman Empire, the Russian Empire, the Soviet Union, Germany, Ukraine, and the Russian Federation.

The political status of Crimea has been a subject of a territorial dispute between Ukraine and Russia. Russia annexed Crimea in 2014 following a referendum, and administers it as two federal subjects of Russia, and 'fully integrated' it in July 2015. Ukraine and the majority of international governments continue to regard Crimea as an integral part of Ukraine.

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Location of Yalta on the map of Crimea.

Yalta is a city in Crimea on the north coast of the Black Sea. The city is located on the site of an ancient Greek colony, said to have been founded by Greek sailors who were looking for a safe shore (γιαλος - yalos in Greek) on which to land. It is situated on a shallow bay facing south towards the Black Sea, surrounded by wooded mountains. It enjoys a warm Mediterranean climate with many vineyards and orchards in the vicinity.

The term "Great Yalta" is used to designate a part of the Crimean southern coast spanning from Foros in the west to Gurzuf in the east and including the city of Yalta and multiple adjacent urban settlements (the area of Great Yalta is marked dark blue on the map).

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Facade of the Livadia Palace.

Livadia Palace was a summer retreat of the last Russian tsar, Nicholas II, and his family in Livadiya, Crimea in southern Ukraine. The Yalta Conference was held there in 1945, when the palace housed the apartments of Franklin Delano Roosevelt and other members of the American delegation.

Icona editDid you know...

Featured at Did you know section at the Wikipedia's Main Page

Proposal №2 for the Flag of Crimea – White flag with seven rainbow colors at the top.
  • ...that the proposals for a new Crimean flag after the collapse of the Soviet Union included a white flag with seven rainbow colors at the top and a blue-white-red tricolor design (pictured), which was officially adopted in 1999?
  • ...that the Vorontsov Palace in Crimea was designed by the English architect Edward Blore?
  • ...that the Grand Crimean Central Railway was built very rapidly in 1855 enabling heavy ammunition to be transported to the Allied troops to end the siege of Sevastopol in the Crimean War?
    The southern façade of the Vorontsovsky Palace, in the town of Alupka in Crimea.
  • ...that the Swallow's Nest (picture), constructed in 1911-1912 and located on top of a 40 meter cliff in Crimea, is a medieval-type castle which has survived an earthquake measuring 6-7 on the Richter scale?
  • ...that Livadia Palace, a summer retreat of the last Russian tsar, was the setting of the 1945 Yalta Conference between the Big three?

    Icona editWikipedia in Crimean Tatar
    Crimean Tatar edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
    Icona editIn the news
    • March 11, 2014 – The Crimean parliament votes and approves a declaration of independence of the entire Crimean peninsula as the Republic of Crimea(RTE News)
    • February 27, 2014 – Unidentified pro-Russian troops begin to seize control of Crimean peninsula by taking control of government buildings(The Guardian)
    • April 11, 2008 – Vandals have desecrated a Muslim cemetery on Ukraine's Black Sea Crimean peninsula, highlighting persistent ethnic tensions in the region.(IHT)
    • January 18, 2008 – The H5N1 strain of avian flu, which can be fatal to humans, has been detected in fowl at a farm on Ukraine's Black Sea Crimea peninsula.(Kyiv Post)
    • January 2, 2008 – Home Affairs Minister Yuriy Lutsenko has appointed major general Mykola Illichev a head of Crimean department.(Pravda)
    • December 19, 2007 – New Interior Minister Yuriy Lutsenko promises Crimean Tatars' Mejlis Head (pictured) to shortly analyze work of leadership of Crimean militia.(NRCU)
    • November 12, 2007 – Rescuers are searching for 20 sailors missing after a powerful storm hit the Azov (pictured) and Black Seas on Sunday.(BBC News)

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    Icona editRelated portals

    Icona editMap of Crimea

    Icona editMain topics
    History Bosporan KingdomScythiaKipchaksGothsKhazarsCrimean campaignsCrimean KhanateCrimean WarAnti-NATO protests •  ...
    Religion History of ChristianityUkrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate)Ukrainian Greek Catholic ChurchRoman Catholicism in UkraineUkrainian Orthodox Church - Kiev PatriarchateUkrainian Autocephalous Orthodox ChurchIslam in UkraineJudaism in Ukraine ...
    Subdivisions List of raionsList of citiesList of urban-type settlements •  ...
    Geography Arabat SpitBay of ArabatCrimean MountainsPerekop IsthmusAzov SeaKerch StraitSyvashVyalova cave system •  ...
    Economy Crimea AirCrimean Trolleybus •  ...
    Demographics Crimean Tatar languageKrymchak languageCrimean TatarsKrymchaksCrimean Karaites •  ...
    Culture Coat of armsFamous Crimean TatarsCrimean khansFlag •  ...

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