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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on an oval-shaped field, usually between 150 and 200 yards in diameter, at the centre of which lies a 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible, while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings. In professional cricket, the length of a game ranges from 20 overs of six bowling deliveries per side to Test cricket played over five days. The Laws of Cricket are maintained by the International Cricket Council (ICC) and the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) with additional Standard Playing Conditions for Test matches ("Tests") and One Day Internationals (ODIs).

Cricket was first played in southern England in the 16th century. By the end of the 18th century, it had developed into the national sport of England. The expansion of the British Empire led to cricket being played overseas and by the mid-19th century the first international matches were being held. The ICC, the game's governing body, has ten full members. The game is popular in Australasia, the Indian subcontinent, the West Indies, Southern Africa and England.

 More about cricket – its laws, history, statistics and international structure.
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Arthur Edward Jeune (James) Collins, typically known by his initials AEJ Collins, was an English cricketer and soldier. He is most famous for achieving the highest-ever recorded score in cricket: as a 13-year-old schoolboy, he scored 628 not out over four afternoons in June 1899. Collins' record-making innings drew a large crowd and increasing media interest; spectators at the Old Cliftonian match being played nearby were drawn away to watch the junior school house cricket match in which Collins was playing.

Collins joined the British Army in 1902. He studied at the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, before becoming an officer in the Royal Engineers. He served in France during World War I, where he was killed in action in 1914.

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The 2007 Cricket World Cup warm-up matches were held prior to the 2007 Cricket World Cup, between March 5 and March 9, 2007. All 16 nations that were qualified to take part in the World Cup participated in a series of matches to prepare, experiment with different tactics and to help them acclimatise to conditions in the West Indies. The warm-up matches were not classified as One Day Internationals by the International Cricket Council (ICC), despite sharing some of main features of this form of cricket, but some of the playing regulations were different from standard internationals in order to allow teams to experiment. For example, the main change allowed for thirteen different players to play in a match – nine players being allowed to both bat and bowl, with two only being able to bowl and two only being able to bat – instead of the eleven players normally allowed.

Several of the teams voiced concerns of various matters involving the stadia and practicing facilities: many of the stadiums were considered incomplete, whilst some teams claimed that the pitches were uneven, resulting in an unsafe experience to be batting in. Ultimately none of the stadia used in the warm-up games were used in any other part of the tournament except for the Greenfield Stadium in Trelawny, Jamaica, which hosted the opening ceremony but no matches.

Australia, Bangladesh, India and Pakistan were the only teams to win both of their warm-up games, whilst Bermuda, Canada, the Netherlands and Scotland did not win either of their fixtures. (Full list...)

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A cricket bat and cricket ball.
Image credit: Marie-Lan Nguyen

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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one innings per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one innings per side.

ICC Test Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  India 36 4,493 125
2  South Africa 34 3,767 111
3  England 43 4,497 105
4  New Zealand 32 3,114 97
5  Australia 34 3,294 97
6  Sri Lanka 39 3,658 94
7  Pakistan 34 2,988 88
8  West Indies 33 2,465 75
9  Bangladesh 23 1,651 72
10  Zimbabwe 13 20 2
Reference: ICC Rankings, 2 November 2017
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  South Africa 53 6,386 120
2  India 53 6,379 120
3  Australia 52 5,948 114
4  England 54 6,156 114
5  New Zealand 49 5,432 111
6  Pakistan 46 4,560 99
7  Bangladesh 34 3,114 92
8  Sri Lanka 64 5,322 84
9  West Indies 40 3,077 77
10  Afghanistan 30 1,618 54
11  Zimbabwe 41 2,129 52
12  Ireland 25 1,028 41
Reference: ICC Rankings, 29 October 2017
"Matches" is the no. matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC T20I Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Pakistan 23 2,843 124
2  New Zealand 16 1,925 120
3  West Indies 20 2,395 120
4  England 17 2,029 119
5  India 25 2,965 119
6  South Africa 20 2,238 112
7  Australia 15 1,665 111
8  Sri Lanka 24 2,177 91
9  Afghanistan 25 2,157 86
10  Bangladesh 17 1,289 76
11  Scotland 11 737 67
12  Zimbabwe 13 842 65
13  United Arab Emirates 16 827 52
14  Netherlands 9 441 49
15  Hong Kong 13 599 46
16  Papua New Guinea 6 235 39
17  Oman 9 345 38
18  Ireland 15 534 36
Reference: ICC rankings for Tests, ODIs, Twenty20 & Women, 7 November 2017
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.


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