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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket

Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on an oval-shaped field, usually between 150 and 200 yards in diameter, at the centre of which lies a 22-yard long pitch. One team bats, trying to score as many runs as possible, while the other team bowls and fields, trying to dismiss the batsmen and thus limit the runs scored by the batting team. A run is scored by the striking batsman hitting the ball with his bat, running to the opposite end of the pitch and touching the crease there without being dismissed. The teams switch between batting and fielding at the end of an innings. In professional cricket, the length of a game ranges from 20 overs of six bowling deliveries per side to Test cricket played over five days. The Laws of Cricket are maintained by the International Cricket Council (ICC) and the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) with additional Standard Playing Conditions for Test matches ("Tests") and One Day Internationals (ODIs).

Cricket was first played in southern England in the 16th century. By the end of the 18th century, it had developed into the national sport of England. The expansion of the British Empire led to cricket being played overseas and by the mid-19th century the first international matches were being held. The ICC, the game's governing body, has ten full members. The game is popular in Australasia, the Indian subcontinent, the West Indies, Southern Africa and England.

 More about cricket – its laws, history, statistics and international structure.
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Curtly Ambrose.

The West Indian cricket team in England in 1988 played 16 first-class cricket matches under the captaincy of Viv Richards. The West Indian cricket team enjoyed tremendous success during the tour while the England cricket team endured a "disastrous summer" of continuous change.

England easily won the initial three-match One-day International (ODI) series, retaining the Texaco Trophy. However, West Indies comfortably retained the Wisden Trophy, winning the Test series 4-0. The England cricket team used four different captains in the five-match series and hence this tour has become known in cricketing circles as the "summer of four captains".

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Allan Border has the fifth highest number of Test centuries for Australia.

Allan Border is a former international cricketer and captain of the Australia cricket team. A left-handed middle order batsman, he scored centuries in Test and One Day International (ODI) matches organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC). Border scored 11,174 runs in 156 Tests and captained Australia in 93 of them. He holds the record for consecutive appearances (153 matches) as a player in Tests. Border was named by Wisden as one of its five Cricketers of the Year in 1982. He was the second Australian player after Sir Donald Bradman to receive the Order of Australia (AM) for his contribution to cricket, and was one of 55 initial inductees of the ICC Cricket Hall of Fame.

Border made his Test debut against England in December 1978 at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. Border's 27 Test hundreds were scored at 14 different grounds; Border's highest score of 205 – one of his two double centuries – came against New Zealand at the Adelaide Oval in 1987.

In ODI cricket, Border scored his first century against India in 1980, when he made 105 not out. The performance ensured Australia's victory and he was named "Man of the match". Border went on to score two more centuries until the end of his career – the first of them came against Sri Lanka (118) and the last one against West Indies (127), which was also his highest score in the format – he remained not out on both occasions. (Full list...)

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Cricket fielding positions2.svg

Names of the various fielding positions in cricket.
Image credit: Miljoshi

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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one innings per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one innings per side.

ICC Test Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  India 36 4,493 125
2  South Africa 31 3,395 110
3  England 43 4,497 105
4  New Zealand 32 3,114 97
5  Australia 34 3,294 97
6  Pakistan 31 2,868 93
7  Sri Lanka 36 3,229 90
8  West Indies 30 2,260 75
9  Bangladesh 20 1,471 74
10  Zimbabwe 10 0 0
Reference: ICC Rankings, 9 September 2017
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  South Africa 50 5957 119
2  India 46 5433 118
3  Australia 48 5572 116
4  England 50 5645 113
5  New Zealand 46 5123 111
6  Pakistan 41 3885 95
7  Bangladesh 31 2905 94
8  Sri Lanka 59 5088 86
9  West Indies 36 2824 78
10  Afghanistan 30 1618 54
11  Zimbabwe 41 2129 52
12  Ireland 25 1028 41
Reference: ICC Rankings, 17 September 2017
"Matches" is the no. matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC T20I Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  New Zealand 13 1625 125
2  Pakistan 20 2417 121
3  West Indies 20 2395 120
4  England 17 2029 119
5  India 20 2328 116
6  South Africa 18 1983 110
7  Australia 13 1431 110
8  Sri Lanka 21 1961 93
9  Afghanistan 25 2157 86
10  Bangladesh 15 1168 78
11  Scotland 11 737 67
12  Zimbabwe 13 842 65
13  United Arab Emirates 16 827 52
14  Netherlands 9 441 49
15  Hong Kong 13 599 46
16  Papua New Guinea 6 235 39
17  Oman 9 345 38
18  Ireland 15 534 36
Reference: ICC rankings for Tests, ODIs, Twenty20 & Women, 18 September 2017
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.


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