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Portal:Cricket

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About cricket

A bowler delivers the ball to a batsman during a game of cricket.
Cricket is a bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, at the centre of which is a rectangular 20-metre (22-yard) pitch with a target at each end called the wicket (a set of three wooden stumps upon which two bails sit). Each phase of play is called an innings, during which one team bats, attempting to score as many runs as possible, whilst their opponents bowl and field, attempting to minimise the number of runs scored. When each innings ends, the teams usually swap roles for the next innings (i.e. the team that previously batted will bowl/field, and vice versa). The teams each bat for one or two innings, depending on the type of match. The winning team is the one that scores the most runs, including any extras gained. The nature of the game allows for certain results when neither team wins; a draw where a timed match has been completed with the team batting last still batting, even though one team has at that point scored more runs; a tie where both teams have scored exactly the same number of runs when the team batting last has completed its innings; and a no result where little or no play has been possible because of climatic or other conditions (usually rain or bad light ending play before the allotted balls have been completed).

There are various formats ranging from Twenty20, played over a few hours with each team batting for a single innings of 20 overs (i.e. 120 deliveries), to Test matches, played over five days with unlimited overs and the teams each batting for two innings of unlimited length. Traditionally cricketers play in all-white kit, but in limited overs cricket they wear club or team colours. In addition to the basic kit, some players wear protective gear to prevent injury caused by the ball, which is a hard, solid spheroid made of compressed leather with a slightly raised sewn seam enclosing a cork core which is layered with tightly wound string.

Historically, cricket's origins are uncertain and the earliest definite reference is in south-east England in the middle of the 16th century. It spread globally with the expansion of the British Empire, leading to the first international matches in the second half of the 19th century. The game's governing body is the International Cricket Council (ICC), which has over 100 members, twelve of which are full members who play Test matches. The game's rules are held in a code called the Laws of Cricket which is owned and maintained by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) in London.

The sport is followed primarily in Australasia, the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Indian subcontinent, southern Africa and the West Indies. Women's cricket, which is organised and played separately, has also achieved international standard. The most successful side playing international cricket is Australia, having won seven One Day International trophies, including five World Cups, more than any other country, and having been the top-rated Test side more than any other country.

 More about cricket – its laws, history, statistics and international structure.

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Bill Woodfull

The Adelaide leak was the revelation to the press of a dressing-room incident during the third Test, a cricket match played during the 1932–33 Ashes series between Australia and England, more commonly known as the Bodyline series. During the course of play on 14 January 1933, the Australian Test captain Bill Woodfull was struck over the heart by a ball delivered by Harold Larwood. Although not badly hurt, Woodfull was shaken and dismissed shortly afterwards. On his return to the Australian dressing room, Woodfull was visited by the managers of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) team, Pelham Warner and Richard Palairet. Warner enquired after Woodfull's health, but the latter dismissed his concerns in brusque fashion. He said he did not want to speak to the Englishman owing to the Bodyline tactics England were using, leaving Warner embarrassed and shaken. The matter became public knowledge when someone present leaked the exchange to the press and it was widely reported on 16 January. Such leaks to the press were practically unknown at the time, and the players were horrified that the confrontation became public knowledge.

In the immediate aftermath, many people assumed Jack Fingleton, the only full-time journalist on either team, was responsible. This belief may have affected the course of his subsequent career. Fingleton later wrote that Donald Bradman, Australia's star batsman and the primary target of Bodyline, was the person who disclosed the story. Bradman always denied this, and continued to blame Fingleton; animosity between the pair continued for the rest of their lives. Woodfull's earlier public silence on the tactics had been interpreted as approval; the leak was significant in persuading the Australian public that Bodyline was unacceptable.

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These were the 10 squads picked to take part in the 2006 ICC Champions Trophy, the fourth instalment of the Champions Trophy cricket tournament. The tournament was held in India from 7 October to 5 November 2006. Teams could name a preliminary squad of 30, but only 14-man squads were permitted for the actual tournament, and these had to be submitted by 7 September, one month before the start of the tournament.

Several of the squads were changed during or before the tournament due to injuries or suspensions; Pakistan changed their captains three times before the tournament had begun, and also sent home two players due to doping allegations. Both India and Zimbabwe had to replace a player during the tournament, which required the permission of the International Cricket Council's Technical Committee. Read more...


Selected picture

GandM Flare DXM bat-Purist 156g ball.jpg

A cricket bat and cricket ball.
Image credit: Marie-Lan Nguyen


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For cricket news, see International cricket in 2017
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Wilfred Rhodes
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ICC Rankings

The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body of cricket, and produces team rankings for the various forms of cricket played internationally.

Test cricket is the longest form of cricket, played up to a maximum of five days with two innings per side.

One Day International cricket is played over 50 overs, with one innings per side.

Twenty20 International cricket is played over 20 overs, with one innings per side.

ICC Test Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  India 29 3,634 125
2  South Africa 32 3,589 112
3  Australia 33 3,499 106
4  New Zealand 23 2,354 102
5  England 39 3,772 97
6  Sri Lanka 31 2,914 94
7  Pakistan 21 1,853 88
8  Bangladesh 16 1,202 75
9  West Indies 22 1,484 67
10  Zimbabwe 8 12 2
 Ireland* 1 0 0
 Afghanistan* 1 0 0
*Countries that have not played enough matches to gain an official ranking
Reference: ICC Rankings, 15 June 2018
"Matches" is no. matches + no. series played in the 12–24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
ICC ODI Rankings
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  England 45 5,599 124
2  India 45 5,492 122
3  South Africa 34 3,842 113
4  New Zealand 41 4,602 112
5  Pakistan 32 3,279 102
6  Australia 34 3,474 102
7  Bangladesh 24 2,220 93
8  Sri Lanka 43 3,302 77
9  West Indies 29 1,989 69
10  Afghanistan 28 1,758 63
11  Zimbabwe 37 2,021 55
12  Ireland 20 766 38
13  Scotland 16 535 33
14  United Arab Emirates 13 236 18
 Netherlands* 4 50 13
   Nepal* 4 0 0
*Netherlands and Nepal have not played enough matches to gain an official ranking; eight matches are needed to qualify.
"Matches" is the no. matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
Reference: ICC Rankings, 16 June 2018
ICC T20I Championship
Rank Team Matches Points Rating
1  Pakistan 25 3,270 131
2  Australia 15 1,894 126
3  India 32 3,932 123
4  New Zealand 22 2,542 116
5  England 17 1,951 115
6  South Africa 18 2,058 114
7  West Indies 18 2,048 114
8  Afghanistan 25 2,287 91
9  Sri Lanka 27 2,287 85
10  Bangladesh 24 1,686 70
11  Netherlands 10 584 58
12  Zimbabwe 14 817 58
13  Scotland 13 715 55
14  United Arab Emirates 12 608 51
15  Hong Kong 10 420 42
16  Oman 7 270 39
17  Ireland 15 538 36
   Nepal* 4 105 26
Reference: ICC rankings for Tests, ODIs, Twenty20 & Women, 17 June 2018
"Matches" is the number of matches played in the 12-24 months since the May before last, plus half the number in the 24 months before that.
*Nepal have not played enough matches to have an official ranking

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