Portal:Creationism

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Introduction

Creationism is the religious belief that the universe and life originated "from specific acts of divine creation", as opposed to the scientific conclusion that they came about through natural processes. The first use of the term "creationist" to describe a proponent of creationism is found in an 1856 letter of Charles Darwin describing those who objected on religious grounds to the then emerging science of evolution. Creationism covers a spectrum of views including evolutionary creationism, a theological variant of theistic evolution which asserts that both evolutionary science and a belief in creation are true, but the term is commonly used for literal creationists who reject various aspects of science, and instead promote pseudoscientific beliefs.

Literal creationists base their beliefs on a fundamentalist reading of religious texts, including the creation myths found in Genesis and the Quran. For young Earth creationists, these beliefs are based on a literalist interpretation of the Genesis creation narrative and rejection of the scientific theory of evolution. Literalist creationists believe that evolution cannot adequately account for the history, diversity, and complexity of life on Earth. Pseudoscientific branches of creationism include creation science, flood geology, and intelligent design, as well as subsets of pseudoarchaeology, pseudohistory, and pseudolinguistics.

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Detail of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel showing the creation of stars and planets.
The Genesis creation narrative is the biblical account of the creation of the world contained in the first two chapters of the Book of Genesis in the Hebrew Bible. As a sacred narrative of the primeval history of the world (chapters 1–11), it is part of the biblical canons of Judaism and Christianity. It is a creation myth with similarities to several ancient Mesopotamian creation myths, while differing in its monotheistic outlook.

Chapter one describes the creation of the world by God (Hebrew אֱלֹהִ֔ים Elohim), by means of divine fiat in six days and the designation of the seventh day as Sabbath, a holy (set apart) day of rest. Man and woman are created to be God's regents over his creation. Chapter two tells of God creating the first man whom he forms from clay (or dust) and into whom he "breathes" the "breath of life". The first woman is formed from the side of the first man. God plants a garden "east of Eden" into which he places the first couple. Chapter two ends with a statement concerning why men and women are given into marriage.

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Major topics

General Creationism | Creation myth | History of creationism | Creation according to Genesis | Allegorical interpretations of Genesis
Creation Ussher chronology | Adam and Eve | Omphalos hypothesis | Mosaic authorship of the Genesis | Documentary hypothesis | Creation myth | Great Flood | Confusion of tongues | Tower of Babel | Noah  | Anthropic principle  | Baraminology  | Flood geology
Types of creationism Creation science | Intelligent design | Islamic creationism | Modern geocentrism | Neo-creationism | Omphalos creationism | Old Earth creationism | Progressive creationism | Young Earth creationism 
Controversy Creation–evolution controversy | Creation and evolution in public education | Outline | Teach the Controversy | Kansas evolution hearings  | Edwards v. Aguillard  | Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District
Bible Christianity | Exegesis | Genealogy | Great Flood | Jesus Christ | Judaism | Nephilim | Noah's Ark | Biblical inerrancy | Original sin | Theology | Tower of Babel 

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