Portal:Coronavirus disease 2019

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Coronavirus disease 2019 portal

  • P:COVID-19
COVID-19 symptoms
Symptoms of COVID-19

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The disease was first identified in 2019 in Wuhan, the capital of China's Hubei province, and has since spread globally, resulting in the ongoing 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic. Common symptoms include fever, cough, and shortness of breath. Other symptoms may include muscle pain, sputum production, diarrhea, sore throat, loss of smell, and abdominal pain. While the majority of cases result in mild symptoms, some progress to pneumonia and multi-organ failure. As of March 28, 2020, the overall rate of deaths per number of diagnosed cases is 4.6 percent; ranging from 0.2 percent to 15 percent according to age group and other health problems.


The virus is mainly spread during close contact and via respiratory droplets produced when people cough or sneeze. Respiratory droplets may be produced during breathing but the virus is not generally airborne. People may also contract COVID-19 by touching a contaminated surface and then their face. It is most contagious when people are symptomatic, although spread may be possible before symptoms appear. The virus can live on surfaces up to 72 hours. Time from exposure to onset of symptoms is generally between two and fourteen days, with an average of five days. The standard method of diagnosis is by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) from a nasopharyngeal swab. The infection can also be diagnosed from a combination of symptoms, risk factors and a chest CT scan showing features of pneumonia.


Recommended measures to prevent infection include frequent hand washing, social distancing (maintaining physical distance from others, especially from those with symptoms), covering coughs and sneezes with a tissue or inner elbow, and keeping unwashed hands away from the face. The use of masks is recommended by some national health authorities for those who suspect they have the virus and their caregivers, but not for the general public, although simple cloth masks may be used by those who desire them. There is no vaccine or specific antiviral treatment for COVID-19. Management involves treatment of symptoms, supportive care, isolation, and experimental measures. Read more...

Recent news

29 March 2020 – Impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic on aviation
2019–20 coronavirus pandemic in Hubei, 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic in mainland China
China resumes domestic flights to the Hubei province. Wuhan is expected to resume flights on April 8. (Financial Express)
2020 coronavirus pandemic in Nepal
Nepal Airlines will allow rescue flights to take stranded tourists back to their countries, but only if embassies requested it. (Nepali Times)
29 March 2020 – 2020 coronavirus pandemic in the United Arab Emirates, Transportation in Dubai
The Dubai Roads and Transport Authority announces that the Dubai Tram and Dubai Metro will be suspended until April 5 as sterilization continues in Dubai. (Gulf News)
29 March 2020 – Socio-economic impact of the 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic
2020 coronavirus pandemic in Michigan
Covid-19-curves-graphic-social-v3.gif

Disease progress

2019–20 coronavirus pandemic by country and territory

Locations[a] Cases[b] Deaths[c] Recov.[d] Ref.
183 722,435 33,997 151,991
United States[e] 142,537 2,510 4,767 [4][6]
Italy[f] 97,689 10,779 13,030 [9]
China[g] 81,470 3,304 75,770 [10]
Spain[h] 80,100 6,803 14,709 [12]
Germany 62,440 541 5,024 [13]
France[i] 40,174 2,606 7,202 [15][16]
Iran[j] 38,309 2,640 12,391 [17]
United Kingdom[k] 19,569 1,228 140 [23][24]
Switzerland 14,799 300 1,823 [25]
Netherlands[l] 10,923 772 [27]
Belgium 10,836 431 1,359 [28]
South Korea 9,661 158 5,228 [29]
Turkey 9,217 131 105 [30]
Austria 8,774 86 479 [31][32]
Canada 6,308 66 532 [33]
Portugal 5,962 119 43 [34]
Brazil 4,256 136 6 [4][32]
Norway[m] 4,281 26 [35]
Israel 4,247 15 132 [38]
Australia[n] 4,107 17 226 [39]
Sweden[o] 3,719 121 18 [40][41]
Czech Republic 2,817 16 11 [42]
Ireland 2,615 46 5 [43]
Denmark[p] 2,564 72 [45]
Malaysia 2,470 34 388 [49][50]
Chile 2,139 7 75 [51]
Luxembourg 1,950 21 40 [52][32]
Ecuador 1,890 57 3 [53]
Japan 1,866 54 404 [54][32]
Poland 1,862 22 23 [55]
Romania 1,815 43 206 [56][57]
Pakistan 1,571 14 28 [58]
Russia[q] 1,534 8 64 [62]
Philippines 1,418 71 42 [63][64]
Thailand 1,388 7 111 [65][66]
Saudi Arabia 1,299 8 37 [67]
Indonesia 1,285 114 64 [68]
South Africa 1,280 2 31 [69]
Finland[r] 1,218 9 10 [72][73]
Greece 1,156 39 52 [74][75]
India 1,024 27 96 [76]
Iceland 1,020 2 124 [77]
Panama 989 24 4 [78][79]
Dominican Republic 859 39 3 [80]
Peru 852 18 16 [81]
Mexico 848 16 4 [82]
Singapore 844 3 212 [83][84]
Argentina 820 20 51 [85]
Serbia[s] 741 13 42 [87][4]
Slovenia 730 11 10 [88]
Croatia 713 6 52 [89]
Colombia 702 10 10 [90]
Estonia 679 3 20 [91]
Cruise ship side view.svg Diamond Princess[t] 672 10 603 [92]
Hong Kong 641 4 118 [93]
Egypt[u] 609 40 132 [94]
Qatar 590 1 45 [95]
United Arab Emirates 570 3 58 [96]
New Zealand 552 1 63 [97]
Iraq 547 42 143 [98]
Algeria 511 29 31 [4]
Bahrain 500 4 272 [99]
Morocco 479 26 13 [100]
Ukraine[v] 475 10 6 [101]
Lebanon 438 10 32 [102]
Lithuania 437 7 1 [103]
Armenia 424 3 30 [104]
Hungary 408 13 34 [105]
Latvia 347 0 1 [4][106]
Bulgaria 346 8 14 [107]
Andorra 334 6 6 [108]
Bosnia and Herzegovina 327 6 8 [109]
Costa Rica 314 2 3 [110]
Slovakia 314 0 7 [111][112]
Tunisia 312 8 2 [113]
Uruguay 304 1 0 [114][115]
Taiwan 298 3 39 [116][117]
Kazakhstan 284 1 20 [118]
Moldova[w] 263 2 13 [120][121]
Jordan 259 3 18 [122]
North Macedonia 259 6 3 [123][124]
Kuwait 255 0 67 [125]
San Marino 229 24 12 [126][127]
Burkina Faso 222 12 23 [4]
Cyprus[x] 214 6 18 [128]
Albania 212 10 40 [129]
Azerbaijan 209 4 15 [130]
Vietnam 194 0 52 [131]
Oman 167 0 23 [132]
Ivory Coast 165 1 4 [4]
Ghana 152 5 2 [133]
Malta 151 0 2 [134]
Uzbekistan 144 2 7 [135]
Senegal 142 0 27 [4]
Cameroon 139 6 5 [4]
Cuba[y] 139 3 4 [136][137]
Honduras 139 3 0 [138][139]
Venezuela 129 3 39 [140]
Brunei 126 1 34 [141]
Afghanistan 120 4 2 [32]
Sri Lanka 117 1 11 [142]
Nigeria 111 1 3 [143]
Palestine 109 1 18 [144]
Cambodia 107 0 23 [145]
Mauritius 107 2 0 [146]
Belarus 94 0 32 [147]
Georgia 91 0 18 [148]
Kosovo 88 1 1 [149]
Montenegro 85 1 0 [150]
Kyrgyzstan 84 0 0 [151]
Bolivia 81 0 0 [152]
Trinidad and Tobago 76 3 1 [153]
Rwanda 70 0 0 [4]
DR Congo 65 6 2 [4]
Jersey 63 2 [154]
Liechtenstein 61 0 12 [155]
Northern Cyprus 61 1 29 [156]
Paraguay 59 3 1 [157][32]
Bangladesh 48 5 15 [158]
Guernsey 45 0 [159]
Monaco 43 0 1 [160]
Isle of Man 42 0 0 [161]
Kenya 42 1 1 [4]
Madagascar 39 0 0 [4]
Macau 38 0 10 [162]
Guatemala 36 1 10 [163]
Uganda 33 0 0 [164]
Jamaica 30 1 2 [165][4]
Togo 30 1 7 [166]
Zambia 29 0 0 [4]
Barbados 26 0 0 [167]
El Salvador 24 0 0 [168]
Republic of the Congo 19 0 0 [4]
Ethiopia 19 0 1 [4]
Djibouti 18 0 0 [4]
Mali 18 1 0 [4]
Niger 18 1 0 [4]
Maldives 17 0 11 [169]
Guinea 16 0 1 [4]
Tanzania 14 0 0 [4]
Equatorial Guinea 12 0 0 [4]
Eritrea 12 0 0 [4]
Mongolia 12 0 0 [4]
Dominica 11 0 0 [170]
Namibia 11 0 2 [4]
Transnistria 11 0 0 [119]
Bahamas 10 0 0 [171]
Eswatini 9 0 0 [172][4]
Grenada 9 0 0 [173]
Syria 9 1 0 [174]
Guyana 8 1 0 [175]
Haiti 8 0 0 [176]
Laos 8 0 0 [177]
Libya 8 0 0 [178]
Mozambique 8 0 0 [4]
Myanmar 8 0 0 [179]
Seychelles 8 0 0 [180]
Suriname 8 0 0 [181]
Angola 7 2 0 [4]
Antigua and Barbuda 7 0 0 [32]
Gabon 7 1 0 [4]
Zimbabwe 7 1 0 [182]
Benin 6 0 0 [32]
Cape Verde 6 1 0 [4]
Sudan 6 1 0 [4]
Vatican City 6 0 0 [183]
Fiji 5 0 0 [184]
Mauritania 5 0 0 [4]
Nepal 5 0 1 [185]
Bhutan 4 0 0 [186]
Nicaragua 4 1 0 [187]
Saint Lucia 4 0 0 [188]
Central African Republic 3 0 0 [4]
Chad 3 0 0 [189]
Gambia 3 1 0 [190]
Liberia 3 0 0 [4][191]
Somalia 3 0 0 [192]
Belize 2 0 0 [193]
Guinea-Bissau 2 0 0 [194]
Cruise ship side view.svg MS Zaandam[z] 2 0 0 [195]
Saint Kitts and Nevis 2 0 0 [196]
East Timor 1 0 0 [197]
Papua New Guinea 1 0 0 [198]
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1 0 1 [199][4]
As of 30 March 2020 (UTC) · History of cases: China, international
Notes
  1. ^ Countries and territories, and one international conveyance where cases were diagnosed. Nationality and location of original infection may vary. In some countries, the cases cover several territories, as noted accordingly.
  2. ^ Cumulative confirmed cases reported to date. The actual number of infections and cases are likely to be higher than reported.[1]
  3. ^ Total deaths may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values updating for each individual location.
  4. ^ Recovered cases. All recoveries may not be reported. Total recoveries may not necessarily add up due to the frequency of values updating for each individual location. "–" denotes that no reliable data is currently available for that territory, not that the value is zero.
  5. ^ United States
    1. Testing has been restricted to at-risk people showing severe symptoms.[2][3]
    2. As of 29 March 2020, includes 206 cases, 3 deaths and 1 recovery in the Overseas Territories:
      as well as cases identified on the Grand Princess
    3. Data is from unofficial trackers and not from the official Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
  6. ^ Italy
    Only at-risk people showing symptoms have been tested from 27 February 2020 and onwards.[7][8]
  7. ^ China
    Includes clinically diagnosed cases and deaths from 12 February 2020 and onwards in the province of Hubei. Excludes Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau.
  8. ^ Spain
    Testing has been restricted to at-risk people showing symptoms.[11]
  9. ^ France
    Testing has been restricted to at-risk people showing severe symptoms.[14] As of 25 March 2020, includes 272 cases, 2 deaths and 7 recoveries in Overseas departments and regions:
    , as well as 50 cases in Overseas collectivities:
  10. ^ Iran
    Includes clinically diagnosed cases and deaths from 9 March 2020 and onwards.
  11. ^ United Kingdom
    As of 26 March 2020, includes 47 cases, 1 death and 5 recoveries in the British Overseas Territories, not counted in the UK government sources:
  12. ^ Netherlands
    1. As of 29 March 2020, includes 57 cases and 1 death in constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean:
    2. The Dutch Government agency RIVM, responsible for the constituent country the Netherlands, does not count its number of recoveries.[26]
  13. ^ Norway
    1. From 13 March 2020, testing of the normal population was discontinued, and is now only reserved for health professionals and acutely ill people in vulnerable groups.
    2. The Norwegian Institute of Public Health states that there are more infected people in Norway than the figures show. The dark figures are presumed to be higher because of limited testing.[35]
    3. Estimation of number of coronavirus infected:
      • As of 23 March 2020, over 40% of all GPs in Norway have been registered 20,200 patients with the "corona code" R991. The figure includes both cases where the patient has been diagnosed with coronavirus infection through testing, and where the GP has used the "corona code" after assessing the patient's symptoms against the criteria by the Norwegian Institute of Public Health.[36]
      • As of 24 March 2020, the Norwegian Institute of Public Health estimates that between 7,120 and 23,140 Norwegians are infected with the coronavirus.[37]
  14. ^ Australia
    Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance". Ten cases, including one fatality recorded by the Australian government.
  15. ^ Sweden
    Testing of suspected infections has been cut back in the whole country in the period around 12 March 2020, in order to focus efforts on people with increased risk of serious illness and complications.
  16. ^ Denmark
    1. As of 28 March 2020, includes 169 cases in constituent countries of the Kingdom of Denmark:
    2. The Danish Government does not report the number of recoveries.[47]
    3. From 12 March 2020, the criteria for testing has been changed; only people with more serious symptoms and health professionals are being tested.[48]
  17. ^ Russia
    Including cases from the disputed Crimea, which was annexed by Russia in 2014 but remains internationally recognized as being under Ukrainian sovereignty. Excluding the cases from Diamond Princess cruise ship which are classified as "on an international conveyance". One fatality was not officially recorded by the Russian authorities as caused by coronavirus.[59][60][61]
  18. ^ Finland
    1. As of 25 March 2020, includes 5 cases in the autonomous region of Åland Islands.[70]
    2. Testing is limited to severely ill or at-risk patients and social or health care workers.[71]
  19. ^ Serbia
    Excluding Kosovo.[86]
  20. ^ Diamond Princess
    The British cruise ship Diamond Princess was in Japanese waters, and Japanese administration was asked to manage its quarantine, with the passengers having not entered Japan. Therefore, this case is neither included in the Japanese government's official count nor in United Kingdom's one. The World Health Organization classifies the cases as being located "on an international conveyance".
  21. ^ Egypt
    Includes cases identified on the MS River Anuket.
  22. ^ Ukraine
    Excluding cases from the disputed Crimea, which was annexed by Russia in 2014 but remains internationally recognized as being under Ukrainian sovereignty. Because the Russian authorities are tabulating cases from Crimea, they are included in the Russian total.
  23. ^ Moldova
    Excludes data from the unrecognised state of Transnistria.[119]
  24. ^ Cyprus
    Excluding Northern Cyprus.
  25. ^ Cuba
    Includes cases on the MS Braemar.
  26. ^ MS Zaandam
    The cruise ship MS Zaandam was near Panamanian waters, with the intention of transiting the Panama Canal to make its way to Florida. But the Panamanian government has denied it access to the canal for "sanitary reasons" and has not counted it on their national figures.
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About the virus

Novel Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2.jpg

Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), previously known by the provisional name 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV), is a positive-sense single-stranded RNA virus. It is contagious in humans and is the cause of the ongoing pandemic of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) that has been designated a Public Health Emergency of International Concern by the World Health Organization (WHO).

SARS-CoV-2 has close genetic similarity to bat coronaviruses, suggesting it emerged from a bat-borne virus. An intermediate animal reservoir such as a pangolin is also thought to be involved in its introduction to humans. From a taxonomic perspective, SARS-CoV-2 is classified as a strain of the species Severe acute respiratory syndrome-related coronavirus (SARSr-CoV). Read more...

Socio-economic impact

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic has had far-reaching consequences beyond the spread of the disease and efforts to quarantine it. As the pandemic has spread around the globe, concerns have shifted from supply-side manufacturing issues to decreased business in the services sector.

Supply shortages are expected to affect a number of sectors due to panic buying, increased usage of goods to fight the pandemic, and disruption to factories and logistics in mainland China. There have been widespread reports of supply shortages of pharmaceuticals, with many areas seeing panic buying and consequent shortages of food and other essential grocery items. The technology industry, in particular, has been warning about delays to shipments of electronic goods. Read more...

Workplace

Workplace hazard controls for COVID-19 are the application of occupational safety and health methodologies for hazard controls to the prevention of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). The proper hazard controls in the workplace depend on the worksite and job task, based on a risk assessment of sources of exposure, disease severity in the community, and risk factors of individual workers who may be vulnerable to contracting COVID-19.

According to the U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), lower exposure risk jobs have minimal occupational contact with the public and other coworkers, for which basic infection prevention measures are recommended, including hand washing, encouraging workers to stay home if they are sick, respiratory etiquette, and maintaining routine cleaning and disinfecting of the work environment. Read more...

National responses

The 2019–20 coronavirus pandemic spread to many countries around the world, with the most affected countries being the United States, Italy, Spain, China, France, Iran, and South Korea. National response measures have been varied, and have included containment measures such as lockdowns, quarantines, and curfews. This is a dynamic list of different responses by various nations across the world. Read more...

Testing

Laboratory testing for the respiratory coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and the associated SARS-CoV-2 virus includes methods that detect the presence of virus and those that detect antibodies produced in response to infection. Detection of antibodies (serology) can be used both for clinical purposes and population surveillance.

Due to limited testing, as of March 2020 no countries had reliable data on the prevalence of the virus in their population. This variability also affects reported case-fatality rates. Read more...

Vaccine/drugs

COVID-19 drug development is the research process to develop a preventative vaccine or therapeutic prescription drug that would alleviate the severity of 2019-20 coronavirus disease (COVID-19). Internationally as of March 2020, some 100 drug companies, biotechnology firms, university research groups, and health organizations were involved in stages of vaccine or drug development. The World Health Organization (WHO), European Medicines Agency (EMA), US Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and the Chinese government and drug manufacturers were coordinating with academic and industry researchers to speed development of vaccines, antiviral drugs, and monoclonal antibody therapies. Read more...

Topics

Get involved!

Get involved by joining WikiProject COVID-19. We discuss collaborations and all manner of issues on our talk page.

As of 30 March 2020, there are 624 articles within the scope of WikiProject COVID-19. Including non-article pages, such as talk pages, redirects, categories, project pages, etcetera, there are 2,774 pages in the project.

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