Portal:Cornwall

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Flag of Cornwall Porth Kernow a'gas dynnargh!
Welcome to the Cornwall Portal!
Satellite image of Cornwall

Cornwall (Cornish: Kernow) is a county of England, United Kingdom, located at the tip of the south-western peninsula of Great Britain. It is bordered to the north by the Celtic Sea, to the south by the English Channel, and to the east by the county of Devon, over the River Tamar. Cornwall has a population of , covering an area of [convert: needs a number], and its administrative centre and only city is Truro.

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Cornwall during the time of the Celts was a part of the Brythonic area of Britain, separated from Wales after the Battle of Deorham. The Kingdom of Cornwall often came into conflict with the expanding Saxon kingdom of Wessex, before the boundary between English and Cornish people was set at the Tamar. The Cornish language continued to be spoken until the 18th century, although a recent revival has seen the number of Cornish speakers increasing over the past few decades.

Cornwall is the homeland of the Cornish people and diaspora, and is considered one of the six "Celtic nations" by many residents and scholars. Cornwall continues to retain its distinct identity, with its own history, language and culture. Cornwall's economy struggles after the decline of the mining and fishing industries, and has become dependent on tourism. The area is noted for its wild moorland landscapes, its extensive and varied coastline, home to a variety of flora and fauna, as well as its mild climate.

Selected article

Cornish hurling ball

Cornish hurling or hurlin is an outdoor team sport of Celtic origin, played with a small silver ball. Once played widely in Cornwall, the game has similarities to other traditional football or inter parish 'mob' games, but certain attributes make this version unique to Cornwall. It is considered by many to be Cornwall's national sport along with Cornish wrestling.

At St. Columb Major on Shrove Tuesday a much rougher and traditional version of the game is played. the game involves a physical battle on the streets, between two teams of "Townsmen" and "Countrymen", with the shops in the town barricading their windows and doors to protect from accidental damage, which sometimes occurs. The game starts with a large scrum at 4:30 p.m. The ball is thrown to the crowd at the market square and the objective of the game is to control it possession in the town with deliberate passing and tackling. Game play in the town normally lasts no longer than one hour after which the ball may be carried towards respective goals that are set about two miles apart. Very often if a route to the goals is unpractical players may carry the ball into fields that surround the town, with the aim of to carrying the ball across one of the Parish boundaries.

At 8:00 p.m., a winner returns to declare victory for Town or Country. This is followed by a visit to the public houses of the town where the ball will be dunked into gallon jugs filled with beer. Each gallon will be 'called up' and the 'silver beer' (as it is known), will be shared amongst the hurlers.

Selected biography

Sir Humphry Davy

Vice-Admiral William Bligh, FRS (9th September 1754 – 7th December 1817) was an officer of the British Royal Navy and colonial administrator. He is best known for the famous mutiny that occurred against his command aboard HMAV (His Majesty's Armed Vessel) Bounty and the remarkable voyage he made to Timor on the Bounty's launch after being set adrift by the mutineers. Born in St Tudy, Cornwall, Bligh was certainly not the vicious man portrayed in popular fiction, some claim his over-sensitivity and acid tongue damaged what would have otherwise been a distinguished career.

Selected image

"The Tin Miner" statue in Redruth

Photo credit: Tinminer

The Tin Miner statue in Fore Street, Redruth, representing the history of the men who worked down the tin and copper mines in the area.

Did you know?

Cornish pasty

Selected quote

David Cameron
I think Cornish national identity is very powerful – people feel a great affinity with Cornwall.
David Cameron, UK Prime Minister

Things you can do

Things you can do
  • Add more Simple English versions of Cornwall-related articles to Simple English Wikipedia.
  • Illustrate the new Russian article Корнцы if you can work with Russian Cyrillic script
  • Translate the Cornish Wikipedia article Skriforyon yn Kernowek into English
  • Expand Alfred Aaron de Pass and add more info on him to the institutions he donated art and money to in Cornwall (RIC, Falmouth Gallery etc.
  • Translate the Cornish Wikipedia article Can an Pescador Kernûak (Song of the Cornish Fisherman) into English.

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  1. ^ Jenkins also wrote Cornish verse: Ellis, P. Berresford (1974) The Cornish Language and its Literature. London: Routledge; pp. 110-11
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