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Portal:Constructed languages

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Constructed languages portal

Welcome to the Wikiportal about Constructed languages!
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A planned or constructed language—known colloquially or informally as a conlang—is a language whose phonology, grammar, and/or vocabulary have been consciously devised by an individual or group, instead of having evolved naturally. There are many possible reasons to create a constructed language: to ease human communication (see international auxiliary language and code); to bring fiction or an associated constructed world to life; linguistic experimentation; artistic creation; and language games.

The expression planned language is sometimes used to mean international auxiliary languages and other languages intended for actual use in human communication. Some prefer it to the more common terms "constructed", as that term may have pejorative connotations in some languages. Outside the Esperanto community, the term language planning means the prescriptions given to a natural language to standardize it; in this regard, even "natural languages" may be artificial in some respects. In the case of prescriptive grammars, where wholly artificial rules exist, the line is difficult to draw. The term "glossopoeia," coined by J. R. R. Tolkien, is also used to mean language construction, particularly construction of artistic languages.

Language of the month

Brithenig is an invented language, or constructed language ("conlang"). It was created as a hobby in 1996 by Andrew Smith from New Zealand, who also invented the alternate history of Ill Bethisad to "explain" it.

Brithenig was not developed to be used in the real world, like Esperanto or Interlingua, nor to provide detail to a work of fiction, like Klingon from the Star Trek scenarios. Rather, Brithenig started as a thought experiment to create a Romance language that might have evolved if Latin had displaced the native Celtic language as the spoken language of the people in Great Britain. The result is an artificial sister language to French, Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese, Romanian, Occitan and Italian which differs from them by having sound-changes similar to those that affected the Welsh language, and words that are borrowed from the Brittonic languages and from English throughout its pseudo-history. One important distinction between Brithenig and Welsh is that while Welsh is P-Celtic, Latin was a Q-Italic language (as opposed to P-Italic, like Oscan), and this trait was passed onto Brithenig.

Similar efforts to extrapolate Romance languages are Breathanach (influenced by the other branch of Celtic), Judajca (influenced by Hebrew), Þrjótrunn (a non-Ill Bethisad language influenced by Icelandic), Wenedyk (influenced by Polish), and Xliponian (which experienced a Grimm's law-like sound shift). It has also inspired Wessisc, a hypothetical Germanic language influenced by contact with Old Celtic. Find out more...

Did you know...

...that Adjuvilo, although it was a fully developed language, was merely created to help create dissent in the then-growing Ido movement?
...that Winston Churchill initially supported Basic English as an international language, but was put off when he was told that "blood, toil, tears and sweat" translates as "blood, hard work, eyewash and body water"?
...that Kēlen is a constructed language that has no verbs, but still is able to express anything?

Current events

Corresponding categories

Projects

Conlangflag.svg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Constructed languages, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about constructed languages.

Things you can do


Here are some Constructed language tasks: Several articles about constructed languages have been deleted for lack of verifiability, independent resources or notability. If you think one of the following subjects meets Wikipedia's criteria for inclusion, don't hesitate dig it up from the graveyard, but don't forget to add proper references:

Web resources

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Conlang Profiles at Langmaker.com
Some Internet resources relating to constructed languages, by Richard Kennaway
UniLang.org
Conlang wiki

Articles

Constructed language types
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A priori language, Artificial script, Artistic language, Constructed language, Controlled language, Engineered language, Experimental language, International auxiliary language, Language game, Logical language, Musical language, Oligosynthetic language, Philosophical language, Pivot language, Relexification, Universal language, Whistled language, Worldlang, Zonal constructed language

General language types

Agglutinative language, Analytic language, Inflectional language, Fusional language, Isolating language, Polysynthetic language, Synthetic language

See also: List of constructed languages, List of constructed scripts


International auxiliary languages
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Languages: Adjuvilo, Afrihili, aUI, Babm, Basic English, Bolak (Blue Language), Communicationssprache, Dutton Speedwords, Esperanto, Esperanto II, Eurolengo, Europanto, Folkspraak, Français fondamental, Globish, Glosa, Idiom Neutral, Ido, Interglossa, Interlingua, Interslavic, Intal, Langue nouvelle, Latino sine flexione, Lingua Franca Nova, Lingua sistemfrater, Lingwa de planeta, Lojban, Mondial, Mundolinco, Nal Bino, Neo, Novial, Occidental, Pasilingua, Poliespo, Romániço, Romanid, Sambahsa, Slovianski, Slovio, Simplified Technical English, Solresol, Sona, Spokil, Special English, Toki Pona, Tutonish, Universal, Universalglot, Uropi, Unish, Volapük

Creators: Arturo Alfandari, Louis de Beaufront, Léon Bollack, Claudius Colas, Louis Couturat, René Descartes, Reginald J. G. Dutton, Alexander Gode, Ján Herkeľ, Lancelot Hogben, Otto Jespersen, Arie de Jong, Juraj Križanić, Léopold Leau, Matija Majar, Diego Marani, Elias Molee, Charles Kay Ogden, Giuseppe Peano, Jean Pirro, Waldemar Rosenberger, Joseph Schipfer, Johann Martin Schleyer, Kenneth Searight, Jan van Steenbergen, Paul Steiner, Petro Stojan, François Sudre, Edgar de Wahl, Ludwik Lejzer Zamenhof

See also: Arcaicam Esperantom, Esperantido, Esperanto and Ido compared, Esperanto and Interlingua compared, Pan-Germanic language, Pan-Slavic language, Proto-Esperanto, Reformed Esperanto


Logical, philosophical, and engineered languages
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Languages: An Essay towards a Real Character and a Philosophical Language, aUI, Blissymbol, Characteristica universalis, CycL, Gibson Code, Ilaksh, Ithkuil, Kalaba-X, Láadan, Lincos, Loglan, Logopandecteision, Lojban, Loom, Ro

Creators: James Cooke Brown, George Dalgarno, Hans Freudenthal, Gottfried Leibniz, Francis Lodwick, Kenneth Lee Pike, John Wilkins


Artistic and fictional languages
Quenya, written in Tengwar

Languages: Atlantean, Adûnaic, Aklo, Al Bhed, Alltongue, Asa'pili, Ascian, Atlantean language, Aulëan, Babel-17, Balaibalan, Baronh, Barsoomian, Black Speech, Brithenig, Chakobsa, Chorukor, Cirquish, Darkovan, D'ni, Doriathrin, Dothraki, Drac, Dritok, Enchanta, Enochian, Galach, Gargish, Gnommish, Goa'uld, Huttese, Interlac, Iotic, Kēlen, Khuzdul, Klingon, Klingonaase, Koalang, Ku, Kobaïan, The Languages of Pao, Lapine, The Lexicon of Comicana, Linguacode, Loxian, Láadan, Mandalorian, Mangani, Marain, Mänti, Mezangelle, Moss, Nadsat, Na'vi, Newspeak, Old Tongue, Pravic, Ptydepe, Quenya, Rihannsu, Shyriiwook, Simlish, Sindarin, Speedtalk, Spocanian, Starckdeutsch, Stark, Starsza Mowa, Talossan, Telerin, Teonaht, The Speech, Tho Fan, Transpiranto, Tsolyáni, Utopian, Vendergood, Verdurian, Valyrian, Wenedyk, Zaum

Scripts: Aurebesh, Cirth, Tengwar

Creators: Richard Adams, Anthony Burgess, Sally Caves, Samuel R. Delany, Diane Duane, Suzette Haden Elgin, Paul Frommer, Václav Havel, Frank Herbert, Hergé, Ursula K. Le Guin, Barry B. Longyear, Morioka Hiroyuki, Marc Okrand, George Orwell, David J. Peterson, Mark Rosenfelder, David Salo, Jan van Steenbergen, Daniel Tammet, J. R. R. Tolkien, Christian Vander, Xul Solar, Marion Zimmer Bradley

See also: Alien language, Codex Seraphinianus, Elvish languages, False writing system, Languages in Star Wars, Languages constructed by J. R. R. Tolkien (Elvish languages (Middle-earth)), North Slavic languages


Constructed languages for special uses

Languages: Boontling, Brajabuli, Damin, Eskayan, Gestuno, High Icelandic, Iazychie, Kesen dialect, Lingua Ignota, Medefaidrin, Nuwaubic, Polari, Tadoma, Timerio, Yerkish

See also: Voynich manuscript


Constructed writing systems for natural languages
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Writing systems: Cherokee syllabary, Cree syllabics, Deseret alphabet, Hangul, Landsmål, Nynorsk, Shavian alphabet

Creators: Ivar Aasen, James Evans, William Fulco, Ronald Kingsley Read, Heinrich Schmid, Sequoyah


Organizations and regulating bodies

Akademio de Esperanto, Centre de documentation et d'étude sur la langue internationale, Esperanto Museum and Collection of Planned Languages, International Auxiliary Language Association, International Volapük Academy, Klingon Language Institute, Logical Language Group, Uniono por la Linguo Internaciona Ido


Miscellaneous

A Secret Vice, Bible translations into fictional languages, Conlanger, Conlanging - The Art of Crafting Tongues, Cosmoglottics, Esperantology, Ill Bethisad, Interlinguistics, ISO, SIL, and BCP language codes for constructed languages, Langmaker, Language planning, Language reform, Zompist.com

Wikipedia in constructed languages

 Wikipedia in Esperanto (241,878 articles)
 Wikipedia in Volapük (120,620 articles)
 Wikipedia in Ido (27,248 articles)
 Wikipedia in Interlingua (20,546 articles)
 Wikipedia in Interlingue (3,698 articles)
 Wikipedia in Novial (1,660 articles)
 Wikipedia in Lojban (1,203 articles)
 Wikipedia in Simple English (128,057 articles)

Associated Wikimedia

Constructed languages on Wikinews
News
Constructed languages on Wikiquote
Quotes
Constructed languages on Wikibooks
Manuals & Texts
Constructed languages on Wikisource
Texts
Constructed languages on Wikicommons
Images
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