Portal:Communism

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Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg Marx + Engels + Lenin .svg THE COMMUNISM PORTAL Marx + Engels + Lenin .svg Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Introduction

In political and social sciences, communism (from Latin communis, "common, universal") is the philosophical, social, political, and economic ideology and movement whose ultimate goal is the establishment of the communist society, which is a socioeconomic order structured upon the common ownership of the means of production and the absence of social classes, money and the state.

Communism includes a variety of schools of thought, which broadly include Marxism and anarchism (anarcho-communism), as well as the political ideologies grouped around both. All of these share the analysis that the current order of society stems from its economic system, capitalism; that in this system there are two major social classes; that conflict between these two classes is the root of all problems in society; and that this situation will ultimately be resolved through a social revolution. The two classes are the working class—who must work to survive and who make up the majority within society—and the capitalist class—a minority who derives profit from employing the working class through private ownership of the means of production. The revolution will put the working class in power and in turn establish social ownership of the means of production, which according to this analysis is the primary element in the transformation of society towards communism. Critics of communism can be roughly divided into those concerning themselves with the practical aspects of 20th century communist states and those concerning themselves with communist principles and theory.

Selected article

Communist Party office in Asunción
Paraguayan Communist Party (in Spanish: Partido Comunista Paraguayo) is a communist political party in Paraguay. PCP was founded on February 19, 1928. Later it was recognized as a section of the Communist International. It was brutally suppressed during the military regimes of the country. It gained legality for a brief period in 1936 and then again in 1946-1947. After the fall of the Alfredo Stroessner regime the party re-emerged as a legal party.

During 2008 presidential election, PCP supported the candidate of Patriotic Alliance for Change, Fernando Lugo, who won the election.


Selected biography

Narayan Man Bijukchhe
Narayan Man Bijukchhe (Nepali: नारायणमान बिजुक्छे, party name 'Rohit', born 9 March 1940) is a Nepalese politician. Bijukchhe is the president of the Nepal Workers and Peasants Party. Bijukchhe was born in Sukuldhoka, Nepal. He became a communist sympathizer after seeing the relief work of Communist Party of Nepal cadres during floods in Rautahat around 1954. Around 1956 he joined the Students Federation and became a Communist Party member the following year. Bijukchhe became a prominent figure in the agrarian struggles in the Dhanusa, Parsa and Rautahat districts. In 1961 he became the president of the Students Union at Bhaktapur College.

In the early 1970s, Bijukchhe became a Central Committee member of Pushpa Lal Shrestha's Communist Party of Nepal. He was put in charge of the Bagmati, Narayani and Janakpur zone. He went against the leadership of Pushpa Lal Shrestha. Bijukchhe criticized the decision of Pushpa Lal and the party to support the Indian intervention in East Pakistan, the policy of seeking cooperation with Nepali Congress and the failure of the party to condemn the Soviet Union as imperialist.


Selected quote

5) Not a parliamentary republic—to return to a parliamentary republic from the Soviets of Workers’ Deputies would be a retrograde step—but a republic of Soviets of Workers’, Agricultural Labourers’ and Peasants’ Deputies throughout the country, from top to bottom.

Abolition of the police, the army and the bureaucracy.

The salaries of all officials, all of whom are elective and displaceable at any time, not to exceed the average wage of a competent worker.

6) The weight of emphasis in the agrarian programme to be shifted to the Soviets of Agricultural Labourers’ Deputies.

Confiscation of all landed estates.

Nationalisation of all lands in the country, the land to be disposed of by the local Soviets of Agricultural Labourers’ and Peasants’ Deputies. The organisation of separate Soviets of Deputies of Poor Peasants. The setting up of a model farm on each of the large estates (ranging in size from 100 to 300 dessiatines, according to local and other conditions, and to the decisions of the local bodies) under the control of the Soviets of Agricultural Labourers’ Deputies and for the public account.

7) The immediate union of all banks in the country into a single national bank, and the institution of control over it by the Soviet of Workers’ Deputies.

8) It is not our immediate task to “introduce” socialism, but only to bring social production and the distribution of products at once under the control of the Soviets of Workers’ Deputies.

— Vladimir Lenin (1870-1924)
April Theses , 1917

Selected image

Propaganda PCV.JPG
Mural of the Communist Party of Venezuela.

Photo credit: Tomatejc

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Articles:
  • Arabic:
    • احمد نبيل الهلالي, حزب الشعب الفلسطيني
  • Asturian:
    • Movimientu Comunista d'Asturies, Horacio Fernández Inguanzo
  • Bulgarian:
    • Българска комунистическа партия, Георги Димитров, Андрей Луканов, Милко Балев, Цола Драгойчева, Георги Пирински (старши)
  • Catalan:
    • Partit Socialista Unificat de Catalunya, Antonio García Quejido, PSAN, Partit Comunista de Birmània, Partit Obrer Revolucionari, Partit del Treball de Catalunya,
  • Croatian:
    • Socijalistička radnička partija Jugoslavije (komunista)
  • Czech:
    • Komunistická strana Čech a Moravy, Socialistický svaz mládeže, Svaz československo-sovětského přátelství, Komunistická strana Československa (1995), Komunistická strana Československa - Československá strana práce, Lumír Sakmar, Socialismus - budoucnost světa
  • Danish:
    • da:Danmarks Kommunistiske Parti, da:Kommunistisk Parti, Arbejderpartiet Kommunisterne, DKP/ML, Fælles Kurs
  • Dutch:
    • Communistenbond van Bosnië-Herzegovina, De Tribune, De Vonk, Democratische Federatie van Hongaarse Vrouwen, Dimitrov Communistische Jeugdunie, Gerardus Johannes Marinus van het Reve, Hongaars Onafhankelijkheidsfront, Lijst van CPN-fractievoorzitters Tweede Kamer, Marxistischer Studentenbund Spartakus, Montenegrijnse Communistenbond, Nationale Raad van Hongaarse Vrouwen, De Waarheid, Elli Schmidt, Miljan Radović, Patriottisch Volksfront, PRON, Marko Orlandić, Ina Brouwer, Leendert van den Muijzenberg, Daan Monjé
  • Esperanto:
    • IKEK, Internacio de Proleta Esperantistaro, ESKI
  • Estonian:
    • Hans Pöögelmann, Karl Vaino
  • Farsi:
    • حزب کار ایران (طوفان), حزب کمونیست ایران, حزب کمونیست کارگری ایران, حزب کمونیست کارگری ایران-حکمتیست, حزب کمونیست کارگری چپ عراق, عصام شکری
  • Finnish:
    • Vallankumouksellinen nuorisoliitto, Sosialistinen opiskelijaliitto, Demokraattinen Vaihtoehto, Suomen kommunistinen nuorisoliitto, Sirola-opisto, Taisto Sinisalo
  • French:
    • Bureau international pour le parti révolutionnaire, Association des écrivains et artistes révolutionnaires, Union des combattants communistes, Groupe communiste révolutionnaire internationaliste, COMAC (jeunes communistes belges), Mouvement communiste français (marxiste-léniniste), Parti communiste révolutionnaire (marxiste-léniniste), Parti pour une alternative communiste, Union des Communistes de France Marxiste-Léniniste, Union des étudiants communistes
  • German:
    • Arbeiterbund für den Wiederaufbau der KPD, Allgemeine Arbeiter-Union – Einheitsorganisation, GegenStandpunkt, Kommunistische Jugend Österreichs - Junge Linke, Kommunistischer StudentInnenverband, Kommunistische Partei der Türkei/Marxisten Leninisten, Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands, Kommunistische Partei Österreichs, Kommunistische Arbeiterpartei Deutschlands, Kommunistischer Jugendverband Deutschlands (1970er), Kommunistischer Oberschülerverband, Marxistisch-Leninistische Partei Deutschlands, Marxistische Gruppe, Münchner Räterepublik, Rote Gruppe, Rote Marine, Roter Frontkämpferbund, Sozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterjugend, Spartakusbund, Vereinigte Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands
  • Greek:
    • Σοσιαλιστικό Εργατικό Κόμμα Ελλάδος
  • Hebrew:
    • רק"ח, המפלגה הקומוניסטית הישראלית
  • Hungarian:
    • Kommunizmus Magyarországon, Kommunista Ifjúsági Szövetség
  • Icelandic:
    • Alþýðubandalagið, Hannibal Valdimarsson, Sameiningarflokkur alþýðu - Sósíalistaflokkurinn
  • Italian:
    • Federazione Giovanile Comunista Italiana
  • Japanese:
    • 日本共産党 (左派), 日本共産党 (日本のこえ), 志賀義雄, 日本民主青年同盟, 全日本民主医療機関連合会, 日中共産党の関係
  • Korean:
    • 조선공산당, 남조선 로동당, 자주파(NL), 남로당 분류
  • Lithuanian:
    • Vincas Kapsukas, Kazys Giedrys, Lietuvos socialistų liaudininkų sąjunga
  • Malayalam:
    • വി.എസ്. അച്യുതാനന്ദന്‍
  • Norwegian:
    • ML-gruppa Revolusjon, Peder Furubotn, Zafer Gözet, Sverre Støstad, Kirsten Hansteen, Arne Gauslå, Tjen folket, Søstre, kamerater!
  • Romanian:
    • Listă de comunişti români, Partidul Comunist al Moldovei
  • Russian:
    • Коммунизм, Анархо-коммунизм, Левый коммунизм, Ленин, Владимир Ильич, Коммунистическая партия Советского Союза, Коммунистический интернационал, История коммунистических учений
  • Slovene:
    • Komunistična partija Slovenije, Vinko Hafner, Stane Žagar, Roman Naumovič Močulsk
  • Spanish:
    • Joventut Comunista del País Valencià, Colectivos de Jóvenes Comunistas, Frente Revolucionario Antifascista y Patriota, Unión de Juventudes Comunistas de España, Las Trece Rosas, Julián Grimau, Gladys Marín, Luis Emilio Recabarren, Partido Comunista de España Unificado, Partido Socialista Popular (Cuba), Unión Navarra de Izquierdas, Organización Revolucionaria de Trabajadores
  • Swedish:
    • Rebellrörelsen, Gustav Johansson, Nanjie
  • Turkish:
    • Halk İştirakiyun Fırkası, Türkiye Komünist Partisi, Türkiye İşçi Partisi, Sosyalist Türkiye Partisi, Rıza Yürükoğlu, Emek Partisi,İşçi Partisi

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