Portal:Coffee

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Introduction

A cup of coffee

Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans, which are the seeds of berries from the Coffea plant. The genus Coffea is native to tropical Africa (specifically having its origin in Ethiopia and Sudan) and Madagascar, the Comoros, Mauritius, and Réunion in the Indian Ocean. The plant was exported from Africa to countries around the world. Coffee plants are now cultivated in over 70 countries, primarily in the equatorial regions of the Americas, Southeast Asia, India, and Africa. The two most commonly grown are arabica and robusta. Once ripe, coffee berries are picked, processed, and dried. Dried coffee seeds (referred to as beans) are roasted to varying degrees, depending on the desired flavor. Roasted beans are ground and brewed with near-boiling water to produce coffee as a beverage.

Coffee is slightly acidic and has a stimulating effect in humans.[medical citation needed] Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world. It can be prepared and presented in a variety of ways (e.g., espresso, French press, café latte, etc.). It is usually served hot, although iced coffee is a popular alternative. Clinical studies indicate that moderate coffee consumption is benign or mildly beneficial in healthy adults, with continuing research on whether long-term consumption lowers the risk of some diseases, although there is generally poor quality of such studies. The earliest credible evidence of coffee-drinking appears in Yemen in southern Arabia in the middle of the 15th century in Sufi shrines. It was here in Arabia that coffee seeds were first roasted and brewed in a similar way to how it is now prepared. Coffee seeds were first exported from East Africa to Yemen, as the Coffea arabica plant is thought to have been indigenous to the former. Yemeni traders took coffee back to their homeland and began to cultivate the seed. By the 16th century, it had reached Persia, Turkey, and North Africa. From there, it spread to Europe and the rest of the world.

Selected article

Kopi Cham, a drink of coffee plus tea, commonly served hot or iced in Malaysia
Yuanyang (coffee with tea) is a popular beverage in Hong Kong, made of a mixture of three parts of coffee and seven parts of Hong Kong-style milk tea. It was originally served at dai pai dongs (open air food vendors) and cha chaan tengs (cafe), but is now available in various types of restaurants. It can be served hot or cold. The name yuanyang, which refers to Mandarin Ducks, is a symbol of conjugal love in Chinese culture, as the birds usually appear in pairs and the male and female look very different. This same connotation of a "pair" of two unlike items is used to name this drink.


Categories

Selected image

Coffee brewed with a French press
Credit: Yongbin

Coffee brewed with a French press

Coffee news

News highlights
  • June 15, 2016: "Coffee May Protect Against Cancer, W.H.O. Concludes". The New York Times.
  • June 5, 2013: "Coffee blight in Central America: Changing livelihoods and your cup of joe". The Christian Science Monitor.
  • May 13, 2013: Tea-coffee war brewing, national drink tag at stake. Hindustan Times.
  • April 27, 2013: Don't Call It 'Turkish' Coffee, Unless, Of Course, It Is. NPR.
  • April 27, 2013: $600K For A Cup Of Coffee: Apple's Cook Is A Hit At Auction. NPR.
  • April 26, 2013: Exploring Coffee's Past To Rescue Its Future. NPR.
  • April 26, 2013: Why Caffeine In Coffee Is A Miracle Drug For The Tired. NPR.
  • April 25, 2013: EU Embraces 'Suspended Coffee': Pay It Forward With A Cup Of Joe. NPR.
  • March 18, 2013: Starbucks Buys Its First Coffee Farm. The Wall Street Journal.

  • October 10, 2010: Animal rights activists demand British coffee chain withdraw advertising campaign

Did you know?

...that Highlands Coffee was both the first private company and the first joint stock company within Vietnam to be registered to an Overseas Vietnamese?
Other "Did you know" facts... Read more...

Selected biography

Ludwig Roselius (2 June 1874 – 15 May 1943)
Ludwig Roselius (2 June 1874 – 15 May 1943) was a German coffee merchant and founder of the company KAFFEE HAG. He was born in Bremen and is credited with the development of commercial decaffeination of coffee. As a patron, he supported artists like Paula Modersohn-Becker and Bernard Hoetger and turned the street Böttcherstrasse in Bremen into an artwork. Roselius was also a supporter of Die Brücke institute and started the publication of the famous heraldic Coffee Hag albums in the described formats of the Brücke. The Coffee Hag albums were published in the early 20th century, starting with heraldic stamps and collector's albums.


Topics

Related portals

Related WikiProjects

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Web resources

Cup-o-coffee-simple.svg
  • World Coffee Research – a 501 (c)(5) nonprofit program of the international coffee industry. (Wikipedia article: World Coffee Research)
  • Coffee Research Foundation – based in Kenya, and founded in 1908
  • Central Coffee Research Institute – based in Chickmagalur District, India, and founded in 1915

Wikipedia's portals

Purge server cache

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Portal:Coffee&oldid=854551059"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:Coffee
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Portal:Coffee"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA