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Cleveland photomontage 2016.jpg

Cleveland (/ˈklvlənd/ KLEEV-lənd) is a major city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County. The city proper has a population of 388,072, making it the 51st-largest city in the United States, and the second-largest city in Ohio. Greater Cleveland is ranked as the 32nd-largest metropolitan area in the U.S., with 2,055,612 people in 2016. The city anchors the Cleveland–Akron–Canton Combined Statistical Area, which had a population of 3,515,646 in 2010 and is ranked 15th in the United States.

The city is located on the southern shore of Lake Erie, approximately 60 miles (100 kilometers) west of the Ohio-Pennsylvania state border. It was founded by European Americans in 1796 near the mouth of the Cuyahoga River. It became a manufacturing center due to its location on both the river and the lake shore, as well as being connected to numerous canals and railroad lines. Cleveland's economy relies on diversified sectors such as manufacturing, financial services, healthcare, and biomedicals. Cleveland is also home to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.

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William R. Hopkins served as the first city manager of Cleveland from 1924 to 1929. By that time, Cleveland had seen several controversial political figures in office such as Frederick Kohler and Harry L. Davis. Voters decided to try to extricate municipal government from partisan politics by adopting the city manager plan. Hopkins was selected by local Republican boss Maurice Maschke, former postmaster William J. Murphy, and business manager of the news George Moran as the man who could hold the job as the city's manager. He was elected to the position by a coalition.

As city manager, Hopkins brought new development to Cleveland. He pushed for the development of parks, improved welfare institutions, wider boulevards, more playgrounds, air pollution control, and the construction of the Van Sweringen brothers' Terminal Tower. However, because the balance between city council and the city's central government was outweighed due to Hopkins' efficiency, council was always at war with the city manager, especially the newly-elected Peter Witt.

In 1925, he proposed a bold new initiative; the construction of a large airport located ten miles southwest of downtown. At the time, the idea seemed like a pipe dream with the introduction of the airplane being relatively new. However, it was built as Cleveland Municipal Airport and became the first municipally owned airport in the United States. In 1951, the name was changed to Cleveland Hopkins International Airport in his honor.


Flag of Cleveland, Ohio.svg You are invited to participate in Project Cleveland, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about Cleveland, Ohio.
Flag of Ohio.svg You are invited to participate in WikiProject Ohio, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about Ohio.

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Map of Cleveland from 1904.


Major cities and townships: AkronClevelandCleveland HeightsCuyahoga FallsElyriaEuclidLakewoodLorainMentorParmaStrongsville

Culture: Cleveland BrownsCleveland CavaliersCleveland IndiansCleveland International Film FestivalCleveland OrchestraCleveland ScenePlayhouse SquareRock and Roll Hall of FameThe MallThe Plain DealerUniversity CircleWest Side MarketWMMS

Education: List of Colleges and UniversitiesCleveland State UniversityCleveland Institute of ArtBaldwin Wallace UniversityCase Western Reserve UniversityOberlin College

History: Connecticut Western ReserveProvince of QuebecGreat Lakes Storm of 1913NewburghPublic SquareHough RiotsThe FlatsMoses CleavelandC. E. RuthenbergHistory of Cleveland

People: People from AkronPeople from ClevelandPeople from Shaker Heights

Governance: Neighborhoods in ClevelandCommunities in Greater ClevelandCuyahoga County CouncilCleveland Division of PoliceList of politicians

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The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:






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  1. ^ "Partner (twin) towns of Bratislava". Bratislava-City.sk. Archived from the original on 2016-01-01.
  2. ^ "Współpraca Gdańska z zagranicznymi miastami". Gdasnk.pl (in Polish and English). Archived from the original on 2012-09-14.
  3. ^ http://www.city.cleveland.oh.us/portal/page/portal/CityofCleveland/Home/Government/MayorsOffice/Office_of_Government_Affairs/SisterCities#heidenheim
  4. ^ http://www.cleveland-oh.gov/CityofCleveland/Home/media-gallery/slideshow?id=630
  5. ^ Roguski, Randy (August 10, 2008). "Cleveland hopes to gain from century-old link to Rouen, France". Plain Dealer. Retrieved September 26, 2009.
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