Portal:Civil engineering

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A multi-level stack interchange, buildings, houses, and park in Shanghai, China.

Civil engineering is a professional engineering discipline that deals with the design, construction, and maintenance of the physical and naturally built environment, including works such as roads, bridges, canals, dams, airports, sewerage systems, pipelines, and railways. Civil engineering is traditionally broken into a number of sub-disciplines. It is considered the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering, and it is defined to distinguish non-military engineering from military engineering. Civil engineering takes place in the public sector from municipal through to national governments, and in the private sector from individual homeowners through to international companies.

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Concrete is a composite material composed of coarse aggregate bonded together with a fluid cement which hardens over time. Most concretes used are lime-based concretes such as Portland cement concrete or concretes made with other hydraulic cements, such as ciment fondu. However, road surfaces are also a type of concrete, asphalt concrete, where the cement material is bitumen, and polymer concretes are sometimes used where the cementing material is a polymer.

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Burj Khalifa in Dubai, October 2012.

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Did you know...

... that Civil engineering is the second-oldest engineering discipline after military engineering.
... that the Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the earliest examples of civil engineering, and the only remaining original of the Seven Wonders.
... that the Institution of Civil Engineers (ICE) was founded in a coffee shop in London in 1818 by eight young civil engineers, the youngest was 19.
... that the first self-proclaimed civil engineer was John Smeaton who constructed the Eddystone Lighthouse.

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