Portal:Christian democracy

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The Christian Democracy Portal

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Christian Democracy (marked "CD") on a political spectrum chart.

Christian democracy is a political ideology that emerged in nineteenth-century Europe under the influence of Catholic social teaching, as well as Neo-Calvinism. Christian democratic political ideology advocates for a commitment to social market principles and qualified interventionism. It was conceived as a combination of modern democratic ideas and traditional Christian values, incorporating the social teachings espoused by the Catholic, Lutheran, Reformed, and Pentecostal traditions in various parts of the world. After World War II, the Protestant and Catholic movements of the Social Gospel and Neo-Thomism, respectively, played a role in shaping Christian democracy. Christian democracy continues to be influential in Europe and Latin America, although it is also present in other parts of the world.

In practice, Christian democracy is often considered centre-right on cultural, social, and moral issues (and is thus a supporter of social conservatism), and it is considered centre-left "with respect to economic and labor issues, civil rights, and foreign policy" as well as the environment. Specifically, with regard to its fiscal stance, Christian democracy advocates a social market economy. In Europe, where Christian democrats defined their views as an alternative to the more leftist ideology of social democracy, Christian democratic parties are moderately conservative and centre-right overall, whereas in the very different[how?][opinion] cultural and political environment of North and South America they tend to lean to the left in economic issues and to the right in social issues.[a fact or an opinion?]

Worldwide, many Christian democratic parties are members of the Centrist Democrat International and some also of the International Democrat Union. Examples of major Christian democratic parties include the Christian Democratic Union (CDU) in Germany, the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP), Ireland's Fine Gael, the Christian Democratic Party in Chile, In the Caribbean, Aruban People's Party (AVP), Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA) from the Netherlands, The Switzerland's Christian Democratic People's Party and the People's Party in Spain.

Today, many European Christian democratic parties are affiliated with the European People's Party. Those with soft Eurosceptic views in comparison with the pro-European EPP are members of the Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe, or the more right-wing European Christian Political Movement. Many Christian democratic parties in the Americas are affiliated with the Christian Democrat Organization of America.

Selected article

Logo of the CDU
The Christian Democratic Union is a Christian democratic and conservative political party in Germany. It is a major party of the centre-right in German politics. Along with its Bavarian sister party, the Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU), the CDU forms the CDU/CSU grouping, also known as the Union, in the Bundestag.

The leader of the party, Angela Merkel, is the current Chancellor of Germany. The CDU is a member of the European People's Party (EPP) and sits in the EPP Group in the European Parliament. Internationally, the CDU is a member of the Centrist Democrat International and the International Democrat Union. The CDU is the largest political party in Germany, followed by the Social Democratic Party of Germany.

Selected biography

Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F040153-0026, Bonn, Pressekonferenz CDU-Vorstand, Weizsäcker.jpg
Richard von Weizsäcker
B. (1920-04-15)15 April 1920 – d. 31 January 2015(2015-01-31) (aged 94)

Richard Karl Freiherr von Weizsäcker (German: [ˈʁɪçaʁt fɔn ˈvaɪt͡szɛkɐ] (About this sound listen); 15 April 1920 – 31 January 2015) was a German politician (CDU), who served as President of the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany until 1990) from 1984 to 1994. Born into the aristocratic Weizsäcker family, he took his first public offices in the Evangelical Church in Germany.

A member of the CDU since 1954, he was elected as member of parliament in 1969. He continued to hold a mandate as member of the Bundestag until he became Governing Mayor of West Berlin, following the 1981 state elections. In 1984, von Weizsäcker was elected as President of Germany and in 1989 he was re-elected for a second term. As yet, he is, together with Theodor Heuss, one of only two Presidents of Germany, who have served two complete five-year-terms. During his second term as President on 3 October 1990, the five states of the former German Democratic Republic and East Berlin joined the Federal Republic of Germany (German reunification), which made von Weizsäcker the first democratically elected head of state of Germany as a whole since Reich President Paul von Hindenburg had died in office on 2 August 1934.

He is considered the most popular of Germany's presidents,[1] held in high regard particularly for his impartiality.[2][3] His demeanor often saw him at odds with his party colleagues, particularly longtime Chancellor Helmut Kohl. He was famous for his speeches, especially one he delivered at the 40th anniversary of the end of the Second World War in Europe on 8 May 1985. Upon his death, his life and political work were widely praised, with The New York Times calling him "a guardian of his nation's moral conscience".[4]
  1. ^ Augstein, Franziska (15 April 2010). "Erster Bürger seines Staates" (in German). Süddeutsche Zeitung. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  2. ^ "Gauck würdigt "großen Deutschen"" (in German). Deutschlandfunk. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  3. ^ Schäuble, Wolfgang (11 February 2015). "Er ist immer unser Präsident geblieben" (in German). Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung. Retrieved 20 April 2015.
  4. ^ Saxon, Wolfgang (31 January 2015). "Richard von Weizsäcker, 94, Germany's First President After Reunification, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 February 2015.


In the news

Selected image

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Abraham Kuijper (/ˈkpər/; Dutch: [ˈaːbraːɦɑm ˈkœypər]; 29 October 1837 – 8 November 1920), generally known as Abraham Kuyper, was a Dutch journalist, statesman and Neo-Calvinist theologian. He was a master organiser. He founded a new church (the Gereformeerde Kerken), a newspaper, the Free University of Amsterdam, and the Anti-Revolutionary Party. He served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands between 1901 and 1905. In religious affairs, he sought to adapt the Dutch Reformed Church to the challenges posed by the loss of state financial aid and by religious pluralism, rising nationalism, and the Arminian religious revivals of his day which denied predestination. He vigorously denounced modernism in theology as a fad that would pass away. He promoted pillarisation, the social expression of the anti-thesis in public life, whereby Protestant, Catholic and secular elements each had their own independent schools, universities and social organisations.

Credit: User:ATX-NL

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