Portal:Chittagong

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Introduction

Top view of Nasirabad Zakir Hossain Road (1).jpg

Chittagong (/ɪtəɡɒŋ/), officially known as Chattogram, is a major coastal city and financial centre in southeastern Bangladesh. The city has a population of more than 2.5 million while the metropolitan area had a population of 4,009,423 in 2011, making it the second-largest city in the country. It is the capital of an eponymous District and Division. The city is located on the banks of the Karnaphuli River between the Chittagong Hill Tracts and the Bay of Bengal. Much of Chittagong Division is located within the ecological Indo-Burma zone on the boundary of the India Plate and Burma Plate. This makes Chittagong the crossroads of the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.

The natural harbour of Chittagong is an ancient gateway to the region of Bengal. It was noted as one of the largest Eastern ports by the Roman geographer Ptolemy in the 1st century. As part of the rich seafaring tradition of the Bengali people, coastal Chittagong was settled and ruled by different regional kingdoms. Arab traders saw well-developed currency, banking and shipping in Chittagong during the 9th century. Early cosmopolitan Muslims established dominance over the port as an entrepôt of maritime trade, while Arakan, Bengal and Tripura competed for control of the wider hinterland. Muslim conquest took place in the 14th century. Chittagong became the principal port of the Bengal Sultanate. It was used by several leading medieval global explorers, including Ibn Battuta and Niccolò de' Conti. Later, Mrauk U, with assistance from Portuguese trading posts, gained control of the area. The Mughal conquest of Chittagong reestablished Bengali control and ushered an era of stability and trade. The city was renamed as Islamabad. This diverse history is reflected in the rural Chittagonian dialect of Bengali, which has a nearly 50% Arabic-origin vocabulary, as well as Persian and Portuguese loanwords.

Ceded to the British East India Company in 1760, Chittagong became the chief port of Eastern Bengal and Assam under the British Raj, as well as a hub of railways. A notable anti-colonial uprising took place in 1930. It was an important base for Allied forces during the Burma Campaign in World War II. Rapid industrialization followed the war, as Chittagong became part of East Pakistan. During the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971, Chittagong was site of the country’s declaration of independence.

Selected article

Chittagong University Railway station

The University of Chittagong (Chittagong University, CU, Bengali: চট্টগ্রাম বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়) is a public university situated at the suburban area of Hathazari, Chittagong district, Bangladesh. The university was established in 1966. The campus is 22 km north of Chittagong city. The University of Chittagong is surrounded by hills, and bisected by a small stream which made this university a famous tourist spot across the country.It is a multidisciplinary research university. The university ranks among the top public and private universities of Bangladesh. Currently, it is the third largest University in Bangladesh with more than 20,000 students and about 800 faculty members.

Dr. Muhammad Yunus, who used to be a faculty member of this university, the founder of Grameen Bank, the pioneering figure in Microcredit theory of Economics, and the 2006 winner of Nobel Prize in peace, started his first microcredit experiments from this very campus at the neighbouring village of Zobra. Dr. Jamal Nazrul Islam, a notable mathematician and physicist.

Selected image

Swarno Mandir.JPG
Photo credit: Abu Nayeem

Golden temple in Rangamati, Chittagong Hill Tracts.

In the news

  • February 28: Bangladesh mutiny leaves scores of officers dead
  • November 28: Ferry capsizes in Bangladesh, at least five dead and 50 missing

Did you know?

...that 17th-century Mughal subahdar Shaista Khan conquered Chittagong and ousted the British East India Company from Bengal over a trade dispute?
Other "Did you know" facts...

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Government
  • Official Chittagong City Corporation website
Tourist Guide
  • Chittagong travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Chittagong travel guide from Travelbd.info


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