Portal:Channel Islands

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Channel Islands

Coccoliths in the Celtic Sea-NASA.jpg

The Channel Islands (Norman: Îles d'la Manche; French: Îles Anglo-Normandes or Îles de la Manche) are an archipelago in the English Channel, off the French coast of Normandy. They include two Crown dependencies: the Bailiwick of Jersey, which is the largest of the islands; and the Bailiwick of Guernsey, consisting of Guernsey, Alderney, Sark and some smaller islands. They are considered the remnants of the Duchy of Normandy and, although they are not part of the United Kingdom, the UK is responsible for the defence and international relations of the islands. The Crown dependencies are not members of the Commonwealth of Nations or of the European Union. They have a total population of about 164,541, and the bailiwicks' capitals, Saint Helier and Saint Peter Port, have populations of 33,500 and 16,488, respectively. The total area of the islands is 198 km2.

The two bailiwicks have been administered separately since the late 13th century. Each has its own independent laws, elections, and representative bodies (although in modern times, politicians from the islands' legislatures are in regular contact). Any institution common to both is the exception rather than the rule. The Bailiwick of Guernsey is divided into three jurisdictions – Guernsey, Alderney and Sark – each with its own legislature.

The term "Channel Islands" began to be used around 1830, possibly first by the Royal Navy as a collective name for the islands. Read more...

Selected island

Brecqhou - Barclay Brothers Castle.jpg

Brecqhou (or Brechou; French pronunciation: ​[bʁɛku]) is an island belonging to Sark, one of the Channel Islands, and part of the Bailiwick of Guernsey. It is located to the west of Sark and has a surface area of about 74 acres (30 ha). It has been proven in the courts that Brecqhou is a tenement of Sark, and the Ministry of Justice, the department of the United Kingdom government with responsibility for the Channel Islands, considers Brecqhou part of Sark. The island is owned by the Barclays brothers, who have expressed a desire for Brecqhou to become independent of Sark.

Selected biography

The Welsh dam Maentwrog Dam, which Paton worked on

Sir Thomas Angus Lyall Paton (10 May 1905–7 April 1999) was a British civil engineer from Jersey. He was commonly known by his second name, Angus. Paton was born into a family that had founded the civil engineering firms of Easton, Gibb & Son and Sir Alexander Gibb & Partners and he would spend his entire professional career working for the latter. Following his graduation from University College London one of his first jobs was the construction of a dam in Maentwrog in Wales (pictured). Paton later became an expert on dams and much of his career was devoted to their construction. (Full article...)


Selected picture

Clonque Bay on the northwest of Alderney

Photo credit: Apeto

Clonque Bay is on the northwest of Alderney, shown here with Fort Clonque in the background.

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