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Portal:Cats

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Introduction

A cougar, up close.
Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi)

The Felinae are a subfamily of the family Felidae that includes the genera and species presented below. Most are small to medium-sized cats, although the group does include some larger animals, such as the cougar and cheetah. The earliest records of the Felinae are ascribed to Felis attica of western Eurasia from the late Miocene, 9 million years ago (Mya). It is estimated that the pantherine big cats split away from this group about 6.37 million years ago.

Felidae cats are split up into two main lineages: the conical-toothed cats, which includes all the extant cats in subfamilies Felinae and Pantherinae, and the extinct saber-toothed cats (members of Machairodontinae). Some authorities include all conical toothed cats in Felinae to reflect this primary division, in which case the tribes Pantherini and Felini are used for the pantherine and feline cats, respectively. In this sense, the tribe Felini is synonymous with the use of Felinae in this article.

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A feral cat in Serifos, Greece.
Feral cats are the descendants of domesticated cats that were abandoned by their owners or that strayed into wild areas from their homes. When the domesticated cats mated, their offspring were never handled by or associated with humans, thus making their kittens feral.

Adult feral cats, that were never socialized with humans, can rarely be socialized. Feral kittens can sometimes be socialized to live with humans. The ideal time for capture is between six and eight weeks old. Taming at this age may only take a couple of days.

Feral cats may live alone but are usually found in large groups called feral colonies with communal nurseries, depending on resource availability. The average life span of a feral cat that survives beyond kittenhood is usually cited as being less than two years, while a domestic housecat lives an average of 12 to 16 years.


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Jaguar (Panthera onca)
Credit: Lea Maimone

A Jaguar in a wildlife rescue & rehabilitation centre in Formosa Province, Argentina.

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A crouching, female, riser-tailed Manx.
The Manx cat (formerly often spelled Manks; Manx language: kayt Manninagh) is a breed of domestic cat originating on the Isle of Man, with a naturally occurring mutation which shortens the tail. Many Manx have a small stub of a tail, but Manx cats are best known as being entirely tailless; this is the most distinguishing characteristic of the breed, along with elongated rear legs and a rounded head. Manx cats come in all coat colours and patterns, though all-white specimens are rare, and the coat range of the original stock was more limited. Long-haired variants are sometimes considered a separate breed, the Cymric. Manx are prized as skilled hunters, and thus have often been sought by farmers with rodent problems, and been a preferred ship's cat breed. They are said to be social, tame and active. An old Manx–English colloquial term for the cats is stubbin Manx have been exhibited in cat shows since the 1800s, with the first known breed standard published in 1903.

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Odd-eyed cat

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