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Portal:Cats

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Introduction

A cougar, up close.
Jaguarundi (Herpailurus yagouaroundi)

The Felinae are a subfamily of the family Felidae that includes the genera and species presented below. Most are small to medium-sized cats, although the group does include some larger animals, such as the cougar and cheetah. The earliest records of the Felinae are ascribed to Felis attica of western Eurasia from the late Miocene, 9 million years ago (Mya). It is estimated that big cats split away from this group about 6.37 million years ago.

Felidae cats are split up into two main lineages: the conical-toothed cats, which includes all the extant cats in subfamilies Felinae and Pantherinae, and the extinct saber-toothed cats (members of Machairodontinae). Some authorities include all conical toothed cats in Felinae to reflect this primary division, in which case the tribes Pantherini and Felini are used for the pantherine and feline cats, respectively. In this sense, the tribe Felini is synonymous with the use of Felinae in this article.

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Bobcat2.jpg
The Bobcat (Lynx rufus), occasionally known as the Bay Lynx, is a North American mammal of the cat family, Felidae. With twelve recognized subspecies, it ranges from southern Canada to northern Mexico, including most of the contiguous United States. The Bobcat is an adaptable predator that inhabits wooded areas, as well as semi-desert, urban edge, and swampland environments. Although the Bobcat has been subject to extensive hunting by humans, both for sport and fur, its population has proven resilient.

With a gray to brown coat, whiskered face, and black-tufted ears, the Bobcat resembles the other species of the mid-sized Lynx genus. It is smaller than the Canadian Lynx, with which it shares parts of its range, but is about twice as large as the domestic cat. It has distinctive black bars on its forelegs and a black-tipped, stubby tail, from which it derives its name.

Though the Bobcat prefers rabbits and hares, it will hunt anything from insects and small rodents to deer and Pronghorn Antelope. Prey selection depends on location and habitat, season, and abundance. Like most cats, the Bobcat is territorial and largely solitary, although there is some overlap in home ranges. It uses several methods to mark its territorial boundaries, including claw marks and deposits of urine or feces.


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Black panther
Credit: Mizunoryu

The black panther is the common name for a black (melanistic) color variant of any of several species of cat.

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British Shorthair
The British Shorthair is a domestic cat breed that is said to resemble a teddy bear. They have very dense, plush coats that are often described as crisp or cracking which refers to the way the coat breaks over the cats body contours. The British Shorthair is an easygoing breed. It has a stable character and is not terribly demanding of attention, although it will make its desire for play known if its owner looks available. It has been the most popular breed of cat registered by the UK's Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) since 1999 when it overtook the Siamese.

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European wildcat

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