Portal:Capital District

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Capital District

Map of New York's Capital District. The Capital District is an imprecise geographical area in upstate New York centered around the state capital of Albany.

The Capital District is a region in upstate New York that generally refers to the four counties surrounding Albany, the capital of the state: Albany County, Schenectady County, Rensselaer County, and Saratoga County. Often the other counties of the Albany-Schenectady-Amsterdam Combined Statistical Area and Greene County are included, especially for economic and demographic compilations and regional planning.

The Capital District is notable for many historical and industrial events. The Battle of Saratoga and the Albany Plan of Union are two historical events from before American independence which are now considered of national and sometimes also of international importance. Many multinational corporations were founded in the Capital District including New York Central Railroad, American Express, General Electric, American Locomotive Company, and International Paper. The Capital District was first settled by the Dutch in the early 1600s and came under British control in 1664. Albany has been the permanent capital of the state of New York since 1797.

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Fort Ticonderoga 1758 Restored.png
Fort Ticonderoga, formerly Fort Carillon, is a large 18th-century fort built at a narrows near the south end of Lake Champlain in upstate New York in the United States. It was constructed by the French between 1754 and 1757 during the Seven Years' War, often referred to as the French and Indian War in the USA, and was of strategic importance during the 18th-century colonial conflicts between Great Britain and France, and again to a lesser extent during the American Revolutionary War.

The site controlled a river portage alongside the mouth of the rapids-infested La Chute River in the 3.5 miles (5.6 km) between Lake Champlain and Lake George and was strategically placed in conflicts over trade routes between the British-controlled Hudson River Valley and the French-controlled Saint Lawrence River Valley. The terrain amplified the importance of the site. Both lakes were long and narrow, oriented north–south, as were the many ridge lines of the Appalachian Mountains extending as far south as Georgia, creating the near-impassable mountainous terrains to the east and west of the Great Appalachian Valley that the site commanded. The name "Ticonderoga" comes from the Iroquois word tekontaró:ken, meaning "it is at the junction of two waterways".

During the 1758 Battle of Carillon, 4,000 French defenders were able to repel an attack by 16,000 British troops near the fort. In 1759, the British returned and drove a token French garrison from the fort merely by occupying high ground that threatened the fort. During the American Revolutionary War, the fort again saw action in May 1775 when the Green Mountain Boys and other state militia under the command of Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold captured it in a surprise attack. The Americans held it until June 1777, when British forces under General John Burgoyne again occupied high ground above the fort and threatened the Continental Army troops, leading them to withdraw from the fort and its surrounding defenses.

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Albany City Hall is the seat of government of the City of Albany, New York. Built in 1883, its architecture is Richardsonian Romanesque, having been designed by Richardson himself. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.
Credit: User:UpstateNYer
Albany City Hall is the seat of government of the City of Albany, New York. Built in 1883, its architecture is Richardsonian Romanesque, having been designed by Richardson himself. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.

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Erastus Corning.jpg
Erastus Corning (December 14, 1794 – April 9, 1872) was an American businessman and politician. Born in Norwich, Connecticut, Corning began clerking for his uncle in Troy at the age of 13. At 19 he moved to Albany to join the mercantile business and eventually became senior parter of his firm. Corning eventually got into the iron business, which is where he first saw the great potential of railroads. After the Utica and Schenectady Railroad was chartered in 1833, Corning was able to get a seat on its operating board; he soon became president of the railroad. Corning was instrumental in the creation of the New York Central Railroad, which consolidated many of his railroads, as well as others, which allowed Albany and Buffalo to be connected by rail for the first time. Corning also dabbled in politics, having served in various roles including mayor of Albany (1834–1837), State Senator, and US Congressman (1857–59, 1861–63). He served as the Democratic nominee for United States Senate in 1863 but was defeated by Edwin D. Morgan. Corning was also a member of the board of Albany State Bank (later Norstar Bank) and served as the Vice Chancellor of the Regents of New York for over 30 years.

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Fort TiconderogaNew York's 20th congressional district special election, 2009New York State Route 22New York State Route 28New York State Route 28NNew York State Route 32Oakwood Cemetery (Troy, New York)List of highways in Warren County, New York

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1989 Northeastern United States tornado outbreakAlbany, New YorkAlbany City HallAlbany Pine BushBattle of BenningtonBattles of SaratogaCentral Troy Historic DistrictCoat of arms of Albany, New YorkDongan CharterJoseph H. AllenKiliaen van Rensselaer (Dutch merchant)New York State Route 8New York State Route 9LNew York State Route 9NNew York State Route 32BNew York State Route 149New York State Route 254New York State Route 418Port of Albany-RensselaerSaratoga campaignU.S. Route 4 in New YorkWashington Park Historic District (Albany, New York)

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Washington Park and surrounding brownstones in Troy, New York
Credit: User:UpstateNYer
Washington Park and surrounding brownstones in Troy, New York

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Nassau, Bahamas Nijmegen, Netherlands Tula, Russia Verona, Italy Saga City, Japan Chekhov, Russia Vichy, France Nijkerk, Netherlands
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Sister cities of Albany Sister city of Glens Falls Sister cities of Saratoga Springs Sister city of Schenectady


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