Portal:Capital District

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Capital District

Map of New York's Capital District. The Capital District is an imprecise geographical area in upstate New York centered around the state capital of Albany.

The Capital District is a region in upstate New York that generally refers to the four counties surrounding Albany, the capital of the state: Albany County, Schenectady County, Rensselaer County, and Saratoga County. Often the other counties of the Albany-Schenectady-Amsterdam Combined Statistical Area and Greene County are included, especially for economic and demographic compilations and regional planning.

The Capital District is notable for many historical and industrial events. The Battle of Saratoga and the Albany Plan of Union are two historical events from before American independence which are now considered of national and sometimes also of international importance. Many multinational corporations were founded in the Capital District including New York Central Railroad, American Express, General Electric, American Locomotive Company, and International Paper. The Capital District was first settled by the Dutch in the early 1600s and came under British control in 1664. Albany has been the permanent capital of the state of New York since 1797.

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AlbanyNewYorkfromRensselaer.jpg
Albany is the capital city of the U.S. state of New York, the seat of Albany County, and the central city of New York's Capital District. At roughly 150 miles (240 km) north of New York City, Albany sits on the west bank of the Hudson River, approximately 10 miles (16 km) south of its confluence with the Mohawk River. The city had an estimated population of 93,539 in 2008 and the population of the greater metropolitan area was estimated at 857,592 in 2009. Albany is the oldest continuously chartered city in the United States. The city was founded by the Dutch in 1614, but taken over by the English in 1664, at which time it received its current name in honor of the Duke of Albany. Albany was chartered as a city in 1686 and was one of the top ten most populous cities in the nation until 1860; it became the state capital in 1797. The city played an important role in advancements in transportation during the 19th century. Albany saw the longest tenure of any US city mayor with Erastus Corning 2nd. The city's current economy is based mainly in higher education, government, health care, and an emerging high-tech sector. Albany is a two-time winner of the All-America City Award (1991 and 2009).

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Hollywood Drive In in Averill Park, New York. It is one of only a few drive in theaters left in the Capital District.
Credit: User:UpstateNYer
Hollywood Drive In in Averill Park, New York. It is one of only a few drive in theaters left in the Capital District.

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Erastus Corning.jpg
Erastus Corning (December 14, 1794 – April 9, 1872) was an American businessman and politician. Born in Norwich, Connecticut, Corning began clerking for his uncle in Troy at the age of 13. At 19 he moved to Albany to join the mercantile business and eventually became senior parter of his firm. Corning eventually got into the iron business, which is where he first saw the great potential of railroads. After the Utica and Schenectady Railroad was chartered in 1833, Corning was able to get a seat on its operating board; he soon became president of the railroad. Corning was instrumental in the creation of the New York Central Railroad, which consolidated many of his railroads, as well as others, which allowed Albany and Buffalo to be connected by rail for the first time. Corning also dabbled in politics, having served in various roles including mayor of Albany (1834–1837), State Senator, and US Congressman (1857–59, 1861–63). He served as the Democratic nominee for United States Senate in 1863 but was defeated by Edwin D. Morgan. Corning was also a member of the board of Albany State Bank (later Norstar Bank) and served as the Vice Chancellor of the Regents of New York for over 30 years.

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Nassau, Bahamas Nijmegen, Netherlands Tula, Russia Verona, Italy Saga City, Japan Chekhov, Russia Vichy, France Nijkerk, Netherlands
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Sister cities of Albany Sister city of Glens Falls Sister cities of Saratoga Springs Sister city of Schenectady


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