Portal:Capital District

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Capital District

Map of New York's Capital District. The Capital District is an imprecise geographical area in upstate New York centered around the state capital of Albany.

The Capital District, also known as the Capital Region, is the metropolitan area surrounding Albany, the capital of the U.S. state of New York. With a population of 1,170,483 (2013), the Capital District is the fourth largest metropolitan region in the state and the 45th largest in the country. Companies that have headquarters in Albany include CommerceHub and the Environment One Corporation. In the 21st century, the Capital District has emerged as a major anchor of Tech Valley, the moniker describing the technologically-focused region of eastern New York State. The Capital District was first settled by the Dutch in the early 17th century and came under British control in 1664. Albany has been the permanent capital of the state of New York since 1797. The Capital District is notable for many historical events that predate the independence of the United States, including the Albany Plan of Union and The Battles of Saratoga. Read more...

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The Port of Albany–Rensselaer, widely known as the Port of Albany, is a major port operating year-round on both sides of the Hudson River within Albany and Rensselaer, New York. The name Port of Albany-Rensselaer came into use in 1925, though separate private and public port facilities have existed in both cities since the 17th century. The Albany Basin and Erie Canal were both constructed with public funds in 1825 leading to a huge boost in the shipping industry. The current port location was constructed in 1932 under Governor Franklin D. Roosevelt. Public and private facilities not owned by the Port of Albany continue to exist in both cities, though they tend to be recreational and non-commercial.

The Port of Albany consists of roughly 236 acres (96 ha), of which approximately 202 acres (82 ha) are in Albany and 34 acres (14 ha) in Rensselaer. It is 124 nautical miles (230 km) north of New York Harbor. From New York Harbor to the Federal Dam three miles (5 km) north of Albany, the Hudson River is an estuary of the Atlantic Ocean. The Hudson has a deep water shipping channel 400 feet (120 m) across, and at Albany the river is 700 feet (210 m) across with a maximum 31 feet (9.4 m) saltwater draft and a mean range of tides of 4.7 feet (1.4 m). The port is at sea level.

Since the founding of Albany in 1624 as a trading post, shipping has been important to its growth and prosperity. Furs (especially beaver), timber, and farm produce were important exports while European people and goods were shipped in. The Dongan Charter, which established Albany as a city, made Albany the exclusive market town in the upper Hudson River Valley. From its beginning the port consisted of hastily-built docks built every spring and destroyed every winter by erosion, flooding, ice, and tidal action. Three city-owned docks were established in 1766, the northern and southern ones later being expanded into wharves.

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Albany City Hall is the seat of government of the City of Albany, New York. Built in 1883, its architecture is Richardsonian Romanesque, having been designed by Richardson himself. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.
Credit: User:UpstateNYer
Albany City Hall is the seat of government of the City of Albany, New York. Built in 1883, its architecture is Richardsonian Romanesque, having been designed by Richardson himself. The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.


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Erastus Corning.jpg
Erastus Corning (December 14, 1794 – April 9, 1872) was an American businessman and politician. Born in Norwich, Connecticut, Corning began clerking for his uncle in Troy at the age of 13. At 19 he moved to Albany to join the mercantile business and eventually became senior parter of his firm. Corning eventually got into the iron business, which is where he first saw the great potential of railroads. After the Utica and Schenectady Railroad was chartered in 1833, Corning was able to get a seat on its operating board; he soon became president of the railroad. Corning was instrumental in the creation of the New York Central Railroad, which consolidated many of his railroads, as well as others, which allowed Albany and Buffalo to be connected by rail for the first time. Corning also dabbled in politics, having served in various roles including mayor of Albany (1834–1837), State Senator, and US Congressman (1857–59, 1861–63). He served as the Democratic nominee for United States Senate in 1863 but was defeated by Edwin D. Morgan. Corning was also a member of the board of Albany State Bank (later Norstar Bank) and served as the Vice Chancellor of the Regents of New York for over 30 years.

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Nassau, Bahamas Nijmegen, Netherlands Tula, Russia Verona, Italy Saga City, Japan Chekhov, Russia Vichy, France Nijkerk, Netherlands
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Sister cities of Albany Sister city of Glens Falls Sister cities of Saratoga Springs Sister city of Schenectady

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