Portal:Cape Verde

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Cape Verde

Flag of Cape Verde
Coat of arms of Cape Verde
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The Republic of Cape Verde (Portuguese: Cabo Verde, Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈkabu ˈveɾdɨ]) is a republic located on an archipelago in the Macaronesia ecoregion of the North Atlantic Ocean, off the western coast of Africa. The previously uninhabited islands were discovered and colonized by the Portuguese in the fifteenth century (though there may have been earlier discoveries), and attained independence in 1975.


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View over Gamboa from Plateau, in Praia, Cape Verde
The island of Santiago in the archipelago of Cape Verde off the west coast of Africa.

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Mount fogo

Mount Fogo is the highest peak of Cape Verde, rising to 2,829 metres above sea level. It is an active stratovolcano lying on the island of Fogo. The main cone last erupted in 1675, causing mass emigration from the island, while a subsidiary vent erupted in 1995. The only deadly eruption was in 1847 when earthquakes generated by Mount Fogo claimed several lives.

The mountain's slopes are used to grow coffee, while its lava is used as building material. Near its peak is a caldera, in which sits the Pico do Fogo ash cone. A small village, Chã das Caldeiras, is inside this caldera.

The eruption of 1995 began on April 3, covering the island with a cloud of ash.[1] Residents were evacuated from Chã das Caldeiras, as their homes were destroyed.[2]

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The Cape Verdean Island of São Vicente
The island of São Vicente, Cape Verde

São Vicente (Portuguese for "Saint Vincent"), also Son Visent or Son Sent in Cape Verdean Creole, is one of the Barlavento islands of Cape Verde. It is located between the islands of Santo Antão and Santa Luzia, with the Canal de São Vicente separating it from Santo Antão. The island is composed by a single administrative division, the São Vicente municipality.

The island is roughly rectangular in shape with a surface area of ca. 227 km2 (88 sq mi). From east to west it measures 24 km (15 mi) and from north to south no more than 16 km (9.9 mi). The terrain includes mountains in the west, the southwest, the south, the east-central and the north. The area is flat in the north-central, the central part, the eastern part south of Calhau and the northern part in the Baía das Gatas area. The urban area of Mindelo is in the northern part. Much of the island is deforested.

Although volcanic in origin, the island is quite flat. Its highest point is Monte Verde (Portuguese for green mountain) located in the northeast-central part with an altitude of 725 metres (2,379 ft). Although a great amount of erosion has taken place, some craters still remain — in particular near the bay of Mindelo. Other mountaintops include Monte Cara and Topona.

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Cesária Évora singing in San Diego, California

Cesária Évora (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɨˈzaɾiɐ ˈɛvuɾɐ]; born Mindelo, São Vicente Island, Cape Verde, 27 August 1941), is a Cape Verdean popular singer. Nicknamed the “barefoot diva” for her preference for performing without shoes,[3] Évora is perhaps the best internationally-known practitioner of morna.

Cesária Évora lost her father at the age of seven. After his death, Cesária's mother struggled to support her on meager earnings as a cook, eventually entrusting Cesária to the care of an orphanage. It was in the orphanage choir that Cesária first learned to sing.

At 16, Cesária met a Cape Verdean sailor named Eduardo who taught her the traditional Cape Verdean styles of music of coladeiras and mornas.

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Sea-salt-minemaio.jpg

Locals collecting sea salt from the salt flats on the island of Maio

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  1. ^ [1] Hawaiian Volcano Observatory Volcano Watch: Fogo Volcano, Cape Verde Islands
  2. ^ [2] MTU Volcanoes Page - Fogo
  3. ^ globeandmail.com: Print Edition
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