Portal:Cameroon

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The Cameroon Portal

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Flag of Cameroon
Coat of Arms of Cameroon
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The Republic of Cameroon (French: République du Cameroun) is a unitary republic of central Africa. It is bordered by Nigeria to the west; Chad to the northeast; the Central African Republic to the east; and Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and the Republic of the Congo to the south. Cameroon's coastline lies on the Bight of Bonny, part of the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. The country is called "Africa in miniature" for its geological and cultural diversity. Natural features include beaches, deserts, mountains, rainforests, and savannas. The highest point is Mount Cameroon in the southwest, and the largest cities are Douala, Yaoundé, and Garoua. Cameroon is home to approximately 250 different ethnic and linguistic groups. The country is well known for its native styles of music, particularly makossa and bikutsi, and for its successful national football team. English and French are the official languages.

Early inhabitants of the territory included the Sao civilisation around Lake Chad and the Baka hunter-gatherers in the southeastern rainforest. Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões ("River of Prawns"), the name from which Cameroon derives. Fulani soldiers founded the Adamawa Emirate in the north in the 19th century, and various ethnic groups of the west and northwest established powerful chiefdoms and fondoms. Cameroon became a German colony in 1884.

After World War I, the territory was divided between France and Britain as League of Nations mandates. The Union des Populations du Cameroun (UPC) political party advocated independence but was outlawed in the 1950's. It waged war on French and Cameroonian forces until 1971. In 1960, French Cameroun became independent as the Republic of Cameroun under President Ahmadou Ahidjo. The southern part of British Cameroons merged with it in 1961 to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. The country was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972 and the Republic of Cameroon in 1984.

Compared to other African countries, Cameroon enjoys relatively high political and social stability. This has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, railways, and large petroleum and timber industries. Nevertheless, large numbers of Cameroonians live in poverty as subsistence farmers. Power lies firmly in the hands of the president, Paul Biya, and his Cameroon People's Democratic Movement party, and corruption is widespread. The Anglophone community has grown increasingly alienated from the government, and Anglophone politicians have called for greater decentralization and even the secession of the former British-governed territories.

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Menchum Falls NWprovince Cameroon.jpg

The Western High Plateau, Western Highlands, or Bamenda Grassfields is a region of Cameroon characterised by high relief, cool temperatures, heavy rainfall, and savanna vegetation. The region lies along the Cameroon faultline and consists of mountain ranges and volcanoes made of crystalline and igneous rock. The region borders the South Cameroon Plateau to the southeast, the Adamawa Plateau to the northeast, and the Cameroon coastal plain to the south.

The Western High Plateau lies along the Cameroon line, a fault running from the Atlantic Ocean in the southwestern part of the plateau to the Adamawa Plateau in the northeast. The region is characterised by accidented relief of massifs and mountains. The Western High Plateau features several dormant volcanoes, including the Bamboutos Mountains, Mount Oku, and Mount Kupe. Mountain ranges on the plateau include the Atlantika and Gotel mountains. (Read more...)

Selected picture

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Cocoyams for sale.jpg
Credit: Amcaja

Cocoyams for sale in the market of Abong-Mbang, East Province, Cameroon.

Did you know ...

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East - Guinean Savanna 001.jpg


Did you know?
  • ...that the Sao civilisation is the earliest to have left clear traces of their presence in the territory of modern Cameroon?


  • ... that the long jumper Fred Salle originally represented England in international competitions, then changed allegiance to Cameroon before returning to England some years later?


In the news

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Wikinews Cameroon portal
  • January 18: Nigerian jet attacks refugee camp, killing dozens
  • March 9: Nigeria allies join fight against Boko Haram
  • August 17: Chadian soldiers rescue Nigerian Boko Haram hostages
  • August 10: Nigerian military launch counter-attack as Boko Haram insurgency believed to spread to Cameroon
  • May 11: Former F.A. chairman alleges FIFA 2018 World Cup vote was riddled with bribes, corruption
  • June 27: 2010 FIFA World Cup: arrivederci Italia!
  • June 21: Wreckage of crashed plane in Africa found
  • May 31: Dozens dead after bus accident in Cameroon
  • March 14: Chinese fishing boat hijacked off coast of Cameroon
  • March 7: Polio vaccination campaign targets 85 million African children

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Selected biography

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Samuel Eto'o - Inter Mailand (1).jpg

Samuel Eto'o, fils (French pronunciation: ​[samɥɛl eto fis]; born 10 March 1981) is a Cameroonian footballer who plays as a striker for Italian Serie A club Internazionale and is currently serving as captain of the Cameroon national team.

Eto'o scored over 100 goals in five seasons with FC Barcelona, and is also the record holder in number of appearances by an African player in La Liga. As of June 2009, he is the joint 3rd highest goalscorer in Barça's history, along with Rivaldo. He is the second player to have ever scored in two separate UEFA Champions League finals.

As a member of the Cameroon national team, he was a part of the squad that won the 2000 Olympic tournament; he has participated in two World Cups and five African Nations Cups (being champion twice), and is the all-time leading scorer in the history of the African Nations Cup, with 18 goals. (Read more...)

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