Portal:Cambodia

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Coat of arms of Cambodia សូមស្វាគមន៍ / Welcome to the Cambodia Portal Angkor Wat

Topographical map of Cambodia

Cambodia (/kæmˈbdiə/ (About this sound listen); Khmer: កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea: IPA: [kam.pu.ciə], French: Cambodge), officially the Kingdom of Cambodia (Khmer: ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា, prĕəh riəciənaacak kampuciə, IPA: [prĕəh riə.ciə.naː.caʔ kam.pu.ciə]; French: Royaume du Cambodge), is a sovereign state located in the southern portion of the Indochina peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 square miles) in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest. Cambodia has a population of over 15 million. The official religion is Theravada Buddhism, practised by approximately 95 percent of the population. The country's minority groups include Vietnamese, Chinese, Chams and 30 hill tribes. The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh, the political, economic and cultural centre of Cambodia. The kingdom is an elective constitutional monarchy with a monarch, currently Norodom Sihamoni, chosen by the Royal Throne Council as head of state. The head of government is the Prime Minister, currently Hun Sen, the longest serving non-royal leader in Southeast Asia, ruling Cambodia since 1985.

In 802 AD, Jayavarman II declared himself king, uniting the warring Khmer princes of Chenla under the name "Kambuja". This marked the beginning of the Khmer Empire, which flourished for over 600 years, allowing successive kings to control and exert influence over much of Southeast Asia and accumulate immense power and wealth. The Indianised kingdom built more than 5,000 temples and monuments including Angkor Wat, now a World Heritage Site, and facilitated the spread of first Hinduism then Buddhism to much of Southeast Asia. After the fall of Angkor to Ayutthaya in the 15th century, a reduced and weakened Cambodia was then ruled as a vassal state by its neighbours. In 1863, Cambodia became a protectorate of France, which doubled the size of the country by reclaiming the north and west from Thailand.

Cambodia gained independence in 1953. The Vietnam War extended into the country with the US bombing of Cambodia from 1969 until 1973. Following the Cambodian coup of 1970 which installed the right-wing pro-US Khmer Republic, the deposed king gave his support to his former enemies, the Khmer Rouge. The Khmer Rouge emerged as a major power, taking Phnom Penh in 1975 and later carrying out the Cambodian genocide from 1975 until 1979, when they were ousted by Vietnam and the Vietnamese-backed People's Republic of Kampuchea, supported by the Soviet Union in the Cambodian–Vietnamese War (1979–91). Following the 1991 Paris Peace Accords, Cambodia was governed briefly by a United Nations mission (1992–93). The UN withdrew after holding elections in which around 90 percent of the registered voters cast ballots. The 1997 factional fighting resulted in the ousting of the government by Prime Minister Hun Sen and the Cambodian People's Party, who remain in power as of 2018.

Cambodia is a member of the United Nations since 1955, ASEAN, the East Asia Summit, the WTO, the Non-Aligned Movement and La Francophonie. According to several foreign organisations, the country has widespread poverty, pervasive corruption, lack of political freedoms, low human development and a high rate of hunger. Cambodia has been described by Human Rights Watch's Southeast Asian Director, David Roberts, as a "vaguely communist free-market state with a relatively authoritarian coalition ruling over a superficial democracy". While per capita income remains low compared to most neighbouring countries, Cambodia has one of the fastest growing economies in Asia, with growth averaging 7.6 percent over the last decade. Agriculture remains the dominant economic sector, with strong growth in textiles, construction, garments and tourism leading to increased foreign investment and international trade. The American World Justice Project's 2015 Rule of Law Index ranked Cambodia 76 out of 102 countries, similar to other countries in the region. Read more...

Selected article

Angkor Wat

Angkor is a name conventionally applied to the region of Cambodia serving as the seat of the Khmer Empire that flourished from approximately the 9th century to the 15th century A.D. (The word "Angkor" itself is derived from the Sanskrit "nagara," meaning "city.")[1] More precisely, the Angkorian period may be defined as the period from 802 A.D., when the Khmer Hindu monarch Jayavarman II declared himself the "universal monarch" and "god-king" of Cambodia, until 1431 A.D., when Thai invaders sacked the Khmer capital, causing its population to migrate south to the area of Phnom Penh.

The ruins of Angkor are located amid forests and farmland to the north of the Great Lake (Tonlé Sap) and south of the Kulen Hills, near modern day Siem Reap (13°24'N, 103°51'E), and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temples of the Angkor area number over one thousand, ranging in scale from nondescript piles of brick rubble scattered through rice fields to the magnificent Angkor Wat, said to be the world's largest single religious monument. Many of the temples at Angkor have been restored, and together they comprise the most significant site of Khmer architecture. Visitor numbers approach one million annually.

References

  1. ^ Higham, The Civilization of Angkor, p.4.

Selected image

Banteay Srei Kala.jpg

Credit: User:Tsui

Depiction of a guardian spirit (Yaksha) atop a mythological creature (named Kala or Rahu) at the Banteay Srei in Angkor.

Famous Cambodians

Famous Cambodians:

Cambodia News

  • May 8, 2009-South Korea's largest bank (Kookmin Bank) launches in Cambodia (The Phnom Penh Post)
  • August 13, 2007-New archaeological map shows Cambodia's Angkor ruins to be biggest pre-industrial city founded (The Australian)
  • July 21, 2007-Cambodia will host the ASEAN football tournament for teenagers(People's Daily Online)
  • July 19, 2007-Cambodia to host the disabled volleyball World Cup

(People's Daily Online)

  • July 17, 2007-Cambodia limits Christian activity{Yahoo News}
  • July 17, 2007-Cambodia to host its first International Golf Tournament{E.Sinchew-i}



More current events... | Current events on Wikinews

Did you know

...that Sisowath Monivong was the king of Cambodia from 1927 until his death in 1941?

...that the primary rainforest of Cambodia went from 70% in the 1970s to 3% in today's time?

...that there were 150,000 to 200,000 Muslims in Cambodia as late as 1975? Read more at Islam in Cambodia

...that King Norodom Sihamoni is one-fourth Italian?

...that the kouprey was declared the national animal of Cambodia by Norodom Sihanouk?

...that the Cambodia national football team finished fourth in the Asian Cup 1972?

...that former King Norodom Sihanouk holds the Guinness World Record for the politician who has occupied the greatest variety of political offices?

...that current Prime Minister Hun Sen started his term in 1985?

...that the Tonlé Sap supplies 60% of Cambodia's protein intake?

...that Saigon was founded by Cambodians?

Things you can do

  • Help expand articles in under the Cambodia category and under its sub-categories
  • Find Cambodia related articles and categorize them, if they aren't already, to the Cambodia category with: Category:Cambodia
  • Or, if they're stubs, add them to the Cambodia stubs category with: {{Cambodia-stub}}

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