Portal:Cambodia

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Coat of arms of Cambodia សូមស្វាគមន៍ / Welcome to the Cambodia Portal Angkor Wat

Topographical map of Cambodia

Cambodia (/kæmˈbdiə/ (About this sound listen) Khmer: កម្ពុជា, or Kampuchea IPA: [kɑmpuˈciə]) is a country located in the southern portion of the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. It is 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 square miles) in area, bordered by Thailand to the northwest, Laos to the northeast, Vietnam to the east, and the Gulf of Thailand to the southwest.

Cambodia has a population that exceeds 15 million. The official religion is Theravada Buddhism, practiced by approximately 95 percent of the population. The country's minority groups include Vietnamese, Chinese, Chams, and 30 hill tribes. The capital and largest city is Phnom Penh, the political, economic, and cultural centre of Cambodia. The country's political system is a constitutional monarchy with Norodom Sihamoni, a monarch chosen by the Royal Throne Council, as head of state. The head of government is the prime minister of Cambodia.

In 802 AD, Jayavarman II declared himself king, uniting the warring Khmer princes of Chenla under the name "Kambuja". This marked the beginning of the Khmer Empire which flourished for over 600 years, allowing successive kings to control and exert influence over much of Southeast Asia and accumulate immense power and wealth. The Indianized kingdom built monumental temples including Angkor Wat, now a World Heritage Site, and facilitated the spread of first Hinduism, then Buddhism to much of Southeast Asia. After the fall of Angkor to Ayutthaya in the 15th century, a reduced and weakened Cambodia was then ruled as a vassal state by its neighbours. In 1863 Cambodia became a protectorate of France which doubled the size of the country by reclaiming the north and west from Thailand. Cambodia regained independence in 1953.

Agriculture remains the dominant economic sector, with strong growth in textiles, construction, garments, and tourism leading to increased foreign investment and international trade.

Selected article

Angkor Wat

Angkor is a name conventionally applied to the region of Cambodia serving as the seat of the Khmer Empire that flourished from approximately the 9th century to the 15th century A.D. (The word "Angkor" itself is derived from the Sanskrit "nagara," meaning "city.")[1] More precisely, the Angkorian period may be defined as the period from 802 A.D., when the Khmer Hindu monarch Jayavarman II declared himself the "universal monarch" and "god-king" of Cambodia, until 1431 A.D., when Thai invaders sacked the Khmer capital, causing its population to migrate south to the area of Phnom Penh.

The ruins of Angkor are located amid forests and farmland to the north of the Great Lake (Tonlé Sap) and south of the Kulen Hills, near modern day Siem Reap (13°24'N, 103°51'E), and are a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The temples of the Angkor area number over one thousand, ranging in scale from nondescript piles of brick rubble scattered through rice fields to the magnificent Angkor Wat, said to be the world's largest single religious monument. Many of the temples at Angkor have been restored, and together they comprise the most significant site of Khmer architecture. Visitor numbers approach one million annually.

References

  1. ^ Higham, The Civilization of Angkor, p.4.

Selected picture

Banteay Srei Kala.jpg

Credit: User:Tsui

Depiction of a guardian spirit (Yaksha) atop a mythological creature (named Kala or Rahu) at the Banteay Srei in Angkor.

Famous Cambodians

Famous Cambodians:

Cambodia News

  • May 8, 2009-South Korea's largest bank (Kookmin Bank) launches in Cambodia (The Phnom Penh Post)
  • August 13, 2007-New archaeological map shows Cambodia's Angkor ruins to be biggest pre-industrial city founded (The Australian)
  • July 21, 2007-Cambodia will host the ASEAN football tournament for teenagers(People's Daily Online)
  • July 19, 2007-Cambodia to host the disabled volleyball World Cup

(People's Daily Online)

  • July 17, 2007-Cambodia limits Christian activity{Yahoo News}
  • July 17, 2007-Cambodia to host its first International Golf Tournament{E.Sinchew-i}



More current events... | Current events on Wikinews

Did you know

...that Sisowath Monivong was the king of Cambodia from 1927 until his death in 1941?

...that the primary rainforest of Cambodia went from 70% in the 1970s to 3% in today's time?

...that there were 150,000 to 200,000 Muslims in Cambodia as late as 1975? Read more at Islam in Cambodia

...that King Norodom Sihamoni is one-fourth Italian?

...that the kouprey was declared the national animal of Cambodia by Norodom Sihanouk?

...that the Cambodia national football team finished fourth in the Asian Cup 1972?

...that former King Norodom Sihanouk holds the Guinness World Record for the politician who has occupied the greatest variety of political offices?

...that current Prime Minister Hun Sen started his term in 1985?

...that the Tonlé Sap supplies 60% of Cambodia's protein intake?

...that Saigon was founded by Cambodians?

Things you can do

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