Portal:British Columbia

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British Columbia /ˌbrɪtɪʃ kəˈlʌmbiə/ (About this sound listen) (BC) (French: la Colombie-Britannique, C.-B.) is the westernmost of Canada's provinces and is known for its natural beauty, as reflected in its Latin motto, Splendor sine occasu ("Splendour without Diminishment"). In 1871, it became the sixth province of Canada. The capital of British Columbia is Victoria, the fifteenth largest metropolitan region in Canada. The largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada and the second-largest in the Pacific Northwest. In 2009, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,419,974 (about two million of whom were in Metro Vancouver).

The province's name was chosen by Queen Victoria when the Colony of British Columbia and the Mainland became a British colony in 1858. It refers to the Columbia District, the British name for the territory drained by the Columbia River, which has its origins and upper reaches in southeastern British Columbia, which was the namesake of the pre-Oregon Treaty Columbia Department of the Hudson's Bay Company. Queen Victoria chose British Columbia to distinguish what was the British sector of the Columbia District from that of the United States ("American Columbia" or "Southern Columbia"), which became the Oregon Territory in 1848 as a result of the treaty.

British Columbia Flag-contour.png More about...British Columbia, its history and diversity

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Cougar
The Cougar (Puma concolor), also Puma, Mountain Lion, Catamount or Panther, is a mammal of the Felidae family, native to the Americas. This large, solitary cat has the greatest range of any terrestrial mammal in the Western Hemisphere other than humans, extending from Yukon in Canada to the southern Andes of South America. An adaptable, generalist species, the Cougar is found in every major New World habitat type. It is the second heaviest cat in the New World, after the Jaguar, and the fourth heaviest in the world, after the Tiger, Lion, and Jaguar, although it is most closely related to smaller felines.

A capable stalk-and-ambush predator, the Cougar pursues a wide variety of prey. Its primary food is ungulates such as deer, particularly in the northern part of its range, but it hunts species as small as insects and rodents. It prefers habitats with dense underbrush for stalking, but it can live in open areas.

The Cougar is territorial and persists at low population densities. Individual territory sizes depend on terrain, vegetation, and abundance of prey. While it is a large predator, it is not always the dominant species in its range, as when it competes for prey with animals such as the Gray Wolf. It is a reclusive cat and usually avoids people. Attacks on humans remain rare, despite a recent increase in frequency.

Due to persecution as a dangerous pest animal following the European colonization of the Americas, and continuing human development of Cougar habitat, populations have dropped in many parts of its historical range. In particular, the Cougar was extirpated in eastern North America, except an isolated sub-population in Florida; the animal may be recolonizing parts of its former eastern territory. With its vast range, the Cougar has dozens of names and various references in the mythology of the indigenous peoples of the Americas and in contemporary culture.

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Quesalid was a First Nations shaman who lived on Vancouver Island, Canada. He wrote an autobiography in Kwak'wala, the Kwakiutl language, discovered by Franz Boas and well-known by anthropologists, in which he recounted his experiences as a shaman from an authentic view.

Quesalid started to be interested in shamanism because he was suspicious that shamanism was not true. Then, he enter in a "shamanism school", learned how to play the role.

Did you know


Did you know
... that a storm on Lucy Island unearthed 5,500-year-old remains of a woman whose DNA links directly to a modern-day descendent, a Tsimshian woman living near Prince Rupert?
...DYK Archive/Nominations Start a new article
If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created or substantially expanded article, then please suggest it on the "Did you know?" talk page.

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  • October 29: CMHC: housing market in Canada 'highly vulnerable'
  • October 15: Former Alberta premier Jim Prentice killed in plane crash
  • January 4: Suspect arrested in Los Angeles arson rampage case
  • November 3: Beleaguered British Columbia Premier resigns
  • November 3: NuCaptcha introduces a video captcha service, ads included

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Oramge jelly mushrooms. (In the forest on the south side of Grouse Mountain)

Oramge jelly mushrooms. (In the forest on the south side of Grouse Mountain)

Author: Vmenkov

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Downstream ever further from our native
nowheres (paradise, wilderness)
we ooh and aah harder over
these sockeye come three hundred miles upstream

Adam's River. Carr, John (1997-2008). Governor General's Award poet

...Archive/Nominations British Columbia on Wikiquote.

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MV Coho in Victoria's inner harbor.jpg
The M/V Coho coming into port in the harbor in Victoria

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For comprehensive topic coverage, see Outline of British Columbia

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