Portal:Briarcliff Manor, New York

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The Briarcliff Manor, New York Portal

The village downtown
The location of Briarcliff Manor within New York State

Briarcliff Manor (/ˈbr.ərklɪf/) is a suburban village in Westchester County, New York, around 30 miles (50 km) north of New York City. It is on 5.9 square miles (15 km2) of land on the east bank of the Hudson River, geographically shared by the towns of Mount Pleasant and Ossining. Briarcliff Manor includes the communities of Scarborough and Chilmark, and is served by the Scarborough station of the Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line. A section of the village, including buildings and homes covering 376 acres (152 ha), is part of the Scarborough Historic District and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. The village motto is "A Village between Two Rivers", reflecting Briarcliff Manor's location between the Hudson and Pocantico Rivers. Although the Pocantico is the primary boundary between Mount Pleasant and Ossining, since its incorporation the village has spread into Mount Pleasant.

In the precolonial era, the village's area was inhabited by a band of the Wappinger tribes of Native Americans. In the early 19th century, the area was known as Whitson's Corners. Walter William Law moved to the area and purchased lands during the 1890s. Law developed the village, establishing schools, churches, parks, and the Briarcliff Lodge. Briarcliff Manor was incorporated as a village in 1902, and celebrated its centennial on November 21, 2002. The village has grown from 331 people when established to 7,867 in the 2010 census.

Briarcliff Manor was historically known for its wealthy estate-owning families, including the Vanderbilts, Astors, and Rockefellers. It still remains primarily residential and its population is still considered affluent by U.S. standards. It has about 180 acres (70 ha) of recreational facilities and parks, all accessible to the public. The village has seven Christian churches for various denominations and two synagogues. The oldest church is Saint Mary's Episcopal Church, built in 1851. Briarcliff Manor has an elected local government, with departments including police, fire, recreation, and public works. It has a low crime rate: a 2012 study found it had the second-lowest in the state. In the New York State Legislature it is split between the New York State Assembly's 95th and 92nd districts, and the New York Senate's 38th and 40th districts. In Congress the village is in New York's 17th District.

Selected article

Briarcliff Manor Fire Department 94, a 2008 Seagrave
The Briarcliff Manor Fire Department provides fire protection and emergency medical services to Briarcliff Manor and its hamlet Scarborough. The volunteer fire department also serves unincorporated areas of the town of Ossining, and the Briarcliff Manor Fire Department Ambulance Corps provides emergency medical transport with two ambulances.

The fire department, which dates to 1901, has three fire companies, two stations, and four fire engines.

Selected picture

Fire station bell
Credit:

The bell of the Briarcliff Manor Fire Department's old fire station, at the village municipal building. The bell was moved from the building's cupola to the depicted location in the 1960s.

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Selected biography

Matthew Calbraith Perry (April 10, 1794 – March 4, 1858) was a Commodore of the U.S. Navy and commanded a number of ships. He served in several wars, most notably in the Mexican–American War and the War of 1812. He played a leading role in the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854 and is often associated with the Open Door Policy. Perry was very concerned with the education of naval officers and helped develop an apprentice system that helped establish the curriculum at the United States Naval Academy. With the advent of the steam engine, he became a leading advocate of modernizing the U.S. Navy and came to be considered The Father of the Steam Navy in the US.

Did you know ...

Briarcliff Manor Fire Department engine

Selected anniversaries

BriarcliffManorFD1914.tif

  • July 1908 (1908-07): Dalmeny, Briarcliff Farms' boarding house, is closed and later repurposed.
  • July 4, 1913 (1913-07-04): The newly-constructed village Municipal Building is opened for use.
  • July 30, 1916 (1916-07-30): The Scarborough School's theater holds its first concert, Ignacy Jan Paderewski performing.
  • July 1927 (1927-07): Walter W. Law Memorial Park's outdoor pool complex is constructed, becoming Westchester County's first public swimming pool.
  • July 1928 (1928-07): The village library is moved to the tower room of the Briarcliff Farms building, the present branch of the International Union of Operating Engineers.
  • July 1945 (1945-07): Briarcliff Manor's first ambulance is ordered, costing $5,000 ($68,000 today).
  • July 1–7, 1951: The village holds a celebration of the 50th anniversary of the Briarcliff Manor Fire Department (pictured July 4, 1914).
  • July 5, 2015 (2015-07-05): Saint Mary's Episcopal Church (pictured) closes after 175 years in operation.

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Selected list

The history of Briarcliff Manor, a village in Westchester County, New York, can be traced back to the founding of a settlement between the Hudson and Pocantico Rivers in the 19th century. The area now known as Briarcliff Manor had seen human occupation since at least the Archaic period, but significant growth in the settlements that are now incorporated into the village did not occur until the Industrial Revolution. The village, which was incorporated with one square mile in 1902, has expanded primarily through annexation: of Scarborough in 1906 and from the town of Mount Pleasant in 1927 to its current area of 6.7 square miles (17 km2). The village has also grown in population; from 331 when established to 7,867 in the 2010 census.


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