Portal:Briarcliff Manor, New York

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The Briarcliff Manor, New York Portal

The village downtown
The location of Briarcliff Manor within New York State

Briarcliff Manor is a suburban village in Westchester County, New York, less than 30 miles (48 km) north of New York City. It is on 5.9 square miles (15 km2) of land on the east bank of the Hudson River, geographically shared by the towns of Mount Pleasant and Ossining. Briarcliff Manor includes the communities of Scarborough and Chilmark, and is served by the Scarborough station of the Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line. A section of the village, including buildings and homes covering 376 acres (152 ha), is part of the Scarborough Historic District and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. In the precolonial era, the village's area was inhabited by a band of the Wappinger tribes of Native Americans. In the early 19th century, the area was known as Whitson's Corners. Walter William Law moved to the area in 1898 and developed the village, establishing schools, churches, and parks. Briarcliff Manor was incorporated as a village in 1902. The village has grown from 331 people when established to 7,867 in the 2010 census.

Briarcliff Manor is primarily residential and its population is relatively wealthy. It has about 180 acres (73 ha) of recreational facilities and parks, all accessible to the public. The village has seven Christian churches for various denominations and two synagogues. The oldest church is Saint Mary's Episcopal Church, built in 1851. Briarcliff Manor has an elected local government, with departments including police, fire, recreation, and public works. It has a low crime rate: a 2012 study found it had the second-lowest in the state.

Selected article

Briarcliff High School
Briarcliff High School is a public secondary school in Briarcliff Manor, that serves students in grades 912. It is the only high school in the Briarcliff Manor Union Free School District and shares its campus with Briarcliff Middle School. As of 2014, the principal is Debora French and the assistant principal is Daniel Murphy.

The high school is noted for outstanding student achievement, testing scores and accomplishments, including a highly regarded science research program, world language and performing arts programs, University in the High School and Advanced Placement courses, and graduation and college attendance rates. The school has a 11:1 student–teacher ratio, and nearly every student has proficiency in mathematics and English. In 2014, Newsweek ranked the high school 17th-best in the country. The school was founded in 1928 at the Grade School building adjacent to Law Memorial Park. In 1971, the school moved to its current facility on the east border of the village.

Selected picture

Woodlea
Credit:

Woodlea, a 140-room $2 million ($52.5 million today) Vanderbilt mansion owned by Colonel Elliott Fitch Shepard and his wife Margaret Louisa Vanderbilt Shepard. It was built in 1892–5 and designed by the architectural firm McKim, Mead & White, and is now the clubhouse of Sleepy Hollow Country Club. The house is a contributing property to the Scarborough Historic District.

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Selected biography

Elliott Fitch Shepard (July 25, 1833 – March 24, 1893) was a New York lawyer, banker, and owner of the Mail and Express newspaper, as well as a founder and president of the New York State Bar Association. Shepard was married to Margaret Louisa Vanderbilt, granddaughter of philanthropist, business magnate, and family patriarch Cornelius Vanderbilt. Shepard's Briarcliff Manor residence Woodlea and the Scarborough Presbyterian Church, which he founded nearby, are contributing properties to the Scarborough Historic District.

Shepard was born in Jamestown, New York, one of three sons of the president of a banknote-engraving company. He attended the City University of New York, and practiced law for about 25 years. During the American Civil War, Shepard earned the rank of colonel and was a Union Army recruiter. He was later a founder and benefactor of institutions and banks. When Shepard moved to the Briarcliff Manor hamlet of Scarborough-on-Hudson, he founded the Scarborough Presbyterian Church and built Woodlea; the house and its land are now part of Sleepy Hollow Country Club.

Did you know ...

Briarcliff Manor Fire Department engine

Selected anniversaries

ScarboroughSchool5.jpg

  • January 2, 1917 (1917-01-02): The Beechwood Theater of the Scarborough School (pictured) is opened and dedicated.
  • January 17, 1924 (1924-01-17): Walter W. Law, founder of Briarcliff Manor, dies.
  • January 29, 1950 (1950-01-29): The parish hall of All Saints' Episcopal Church is dedicated.
  • January 20, 1959 (1959-01-20): The Briarcliff Manor Public Library moves to its current location.
  • January 22, 1982 (1982-01-22): One of the most notable fires occurred in Briarcliff Manor, razing much of the village downtown.
  • January 5, 1988 (1988-01-05): The Scarborough Historic District achieves local landmark status.
  • January 16, 2004 (2004-01-16): The last section of the Briarcliff Lodge is demolished.

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Selected list

The history of Briarcliff Manor, a village in Westchester County, New York, can be traced back to the founding of a settlement between the Hudson and Pocantico Rivers in the 19th century. The area now known as Briarcliff Manor had seen human occupation since at least the Archaic period, but significant growth in the settlements that are now incorporated into the village did not occur until the Industrial Revolution. The village, which was incorporated with one square mile in 1902, has expanded primarily through annexation: of Scarborough in 1906 and from the town of Mount Pleasant in 1927 to its current area of 6.7 square miles (17 km2). The village has also grown in population; from 331 when established to 7,867 in the 2010 census.


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