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Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest and most populous country in South America, and the fifth largest in the world in both area and population. Its territory covers 8,514,876.599 km² between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean and it is the easternmost country of the Americas. It borders Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana and the département of French Guiana to the north, Uruguay to the south, Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest, Bolivia and Peru to the west, and Colombia to the northwest. The only South American countries not bordered by Brazil are Ecuador and Chile.

The Brazilian coastline covers 7,367km (4,655 mi) along the Atlantic ocean. Numerous archipelagos are part of the Brazilian territory, such as Penedos de São Pedro e São Paulo, Fernando de Noronha, Trindade e Martim Vaz and Atol das Rocas. Tropical climate is predominant. In the south of the country, subtropical climate prevails. Brazil is traversed by the Equator and Tropic of Capricorn lines. It is home to varied fauna and flora and extensive natural resources.

The Brazilian population tends to concentrate along the coastline in large urban centers. While Brazil has one of the largest populations in the world, population density is low and the inner continental land has large demographical empty spaces. It is a multiracial country composed of European, Amerindian, African and Asian elements, more often combined in the same individual than separated into different communities. The official language is Portuguese, and it is the only Portuguese-speaking country in all the Americas. Catholicism is the predominant religion, though Protestant communities have experienced significant growth in the last decades. Brazil has the largest Roman Catholic population in the world.

More about... Brazil, its history and inhabitants
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Deforestation of Brazil
Credit: NASA
Deforestation is the single largest environmental issue in Brazil, and has been for the past few decades. Brazil once had the highest deforestation rate in the world and as of 2005 still has the largest area of forest removed annually. Since 1970, over 600,000 square kilometers (232,000 square miles) of Amazon rainforest have been destroyed. By the end of the 1980s the problem had become such a global issue not only with loss of the biodiversity and ecological disruption caused by removal of the forests but due to heavy emissions carbon dioxide released from its burning in the forest in Brazil and the loss of a valuable sink to absorb global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.

At the 1992 UN Framework Convention on Climate Change deforestation in Brazil became a major concern at the Summit in Rio de Janeiro where in collaboration with various environmental groups working in the region to give the Brazilian government an incentive to reduce forest removal and curb the rate of deforestation. By 2005 forest removal had fallen to 9,000 km2 (3,475 square miles) of forest compared to 18,000 km2 (6,950 square miles) in 2003

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Rio Grande do Norte
Credit: Everythere

Rio Grande do Norte is one of the states of Brazil, located in the northeastern part of the country, on the edge of the South American continent. Because of its geographic position, Rio Grande do Norte has a strategic importance. It is the land of the folklorist Câmara Cascudo and is second in the world having the purest air, second only to Antarctica, according to NASA.

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John Motson
Credit: Gordon Flood
Brazil - they're so good it's like they are running round the pitch playing with themselves.
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Adriana Lima
Credit: David Shankbone
Adriana Lima (Portuguese pronunciation: [adɾiˈɐnɐ ˈlimɐ]; born June 12, 1981) is a Brazilian model known for her work with Victoria's Secret lingerie giant and Maybelline cosmetics. Lima was discovered at age 13, and entered and finished first in Brazil's Ford Supermodel of the World competition with 15, finishing second the following year before signing with Elite Model Management in New York City.

Lima, is of African and Caribbean descent, her family in the Caribbean are from Barbados also where of distant Japanese, French and Italian heritage, .Family to the Limas, Bests, Carerus, and Selman's. Native South American and Swiss descent, was born in the northeastern coastal town of Salvador, Bahia, Brazil on June 12, 1981. Her father, of which she was estranged for most of her life is Nelson Torres and her mother, Maria da Graça Lima, was a social worker who gave birth to Lima at the age of 18. Lima revealed that her father had walked out on her family when she was six months old, but has been making recent attempts to reconcile. In late 2007, Lima revealed on the Hollywood Walk of Fame that she has two half brothers, aged 7 and 11, from her father's second marriage. Coming from a poor family, Adriana's first travel was on a plane at the age of 15. She was raised mostly by her Mother, and Grandmother.

In the news

In the news
  • September 15: Football: Marcelo signs contract extension with Real Madrid
  • August 4: Football: Paris Saint-Germain pays world record €222m to sign Neymar
  • July 17: Sun's mood swings not so strange after all, say scientists
  • July 15: Costa joins Juventus FC on one-year loan
  • January 17: At least 26 killed in another Brazil prison riot
  • January 15: Geneticists produce laser-activated killer mice
  • January 5: At least 56 killed in Brazil prison riot
  • November 30: 76 dead in plane crash near Medellín, Colombia

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Rubber Boom
Credit: Transportes Agora

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Torres coast
Credit: Tetraktys

Torres is a city located on the south shore of Brazil in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. It is 197 kilometers away from Porto Alegre, the state capital. The municipality's name was inspired by the three basalt towers that fall into the sea, giving a singular characteristic to the beach. On March 21, 1878, by provincial law, Torres became a municipality.

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