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Brazil, officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil), is the largest and most populous country in South America, and the fifth largest in the world in both area and population. Its territory covers 8,514,876.599 km² between central South America and the Atlantic Ocean and it is the easternmost country of the Americas. It borders Venezuela, Suriname, Guyana and the département of French Guiana to the north, Uruguay to the south, Argentina and Paraguay to the southwest, Bolivia and Peru to the west, and Colombia to the northwest. The only South American countries not bordered by Brazil are Ecuador and Chile.

The Brazilian coastline covers 7,367km (4,655 mi) along the Atlantic ocean. Numerous archipelagos are part of the Brazilian territory, such as Penedos de São Pedro e São Paulo, Fernando de Noronha, Trindade e Martim Vaz and Atol das Rocas. Tropical climate is predominant. In the south of the country, subtropical climate prevails. Brazil is traversed by the Equator and Tropic of Capricorn lines. It is home to varied fauna and flora and extensive natural resources.

The Brazilian population tends to concentrate along the coastline in large urban centers. While Brazil has one of the largest populations in the world, population density is low and the inner continental land has large demographical empty spaces. It is a multiracial country composed of European, Amerindian, African and Asian elements, more often combined in the same individual than separated into different communities. The official language is Portuguese, and it is the only Portuguese-speaking country in all the Americas. Catholicism is the predominant religion, though Protestant communities have experienced significant growth in the last decades. Brazil has the largest Roman Catholic population in the world.

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This is a list of the largest cities in Brazil. Brazil has a relatively high reported level of urbanization, with 8 out of every 10 Brazilians living in cities. The criteria used by the IBGE (Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics) in determining whether households are urban or rural, however, is based on political divisions, not on the built environment. A town is any seat of a district (the lowest political division); a city is the seat of a municipality. By such criteria, Brazil has over 5,000 cities and 12,000 towns. It is estimated that, if a more traditional criteria (size of human agglomeration, cultural and economic institutions, regional centrality, paving and street lighting) were used, perhaps 65% of Brazil's population would be urban, rather than 80%.

Cities in Brazil, except for the state of São Paulo, are usually not arranged in a network, but rather on various "export paths" to seaside ports. Some geographers have called this an "archipelago", and the most important cities are on the coast or close to it. State capitals are also each the largest city in its state, the exceptions being Vitória in Espírito Santo, and Florianópolis, the capital of Santa Catarina; there are also non-capital metropolitan areas in São Paulo (Campinas, Santos, Paraíba Valley), Minas Gerais (Vale do Aço), Rio Grande do Sul (Sinos Valley), and Santa Catarina (Itajaí Valley). Most of the non-capital large cities in Brazil are in the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais, and Paraná.

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Coronel Fabriciano
Credit: HVL

Coronel Fabriciano is a municipality in the state of Minas Gerais in Brazil and is located in the southeastern part of the country, about 102 km east of Belo Horizonte. It's estimated population in 2010 is 103.797. The current mayor (Prefeito) of Coronel Fabriciano is Rosângela Mendes. The municipality was created on January 20, 1949.

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Here I can work and make money. In Brazil all I would do is study.
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Getúlio Vargas
Credit: Brazil Presidents
Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʒeˈtuliu doɾˈnɛliz vaɾɡɐs]; April 19, 1882 – August 24, 1954) served as President of Brazil from 1930 to 1945 and from 1951 until his suicide in 1954. Vargas was born in São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul, on April 19, 1883, to Manuel do Nascimento Vargas and Cândida Dornelles Vargas. The scion of a traditional family of "gaúchos", he embarked on a military career at first, then turned to the study of law.

Entering Republican politics, he was elected to the Rio Grande do Sul state legislature and later to the federal Chamber of Deputies, where he became the floor leader for his state's delegation in Congress. He served briefly as Secretary of the Treasury under President Washington Luís from which post he resigned to enter the gubernatorial race in his home state. Once elected Governor of Rio Grande do Sul, he became a leading figure in the opposition, urging the end of electoral corruption through the adoption of the universal and secret ballot. He and his wife Darcy Lima Sarmanho, whom he married in March 1911, had five children.

In the news

In the news
  • July 17: Sun's mood swings not so strange after all, say scientists
  • July 15: Costa joins Juventus FC on one-year loan
  • January 17: At least 26 killed in another Brazil prison riot
  • January 15: Geneticists produce laser-activated killer mice
  • January 5: At least 56 killed in Brazil prison riot
  • November 30: 76 dead in plane crash near Medellín, Colombia
  • October 24: Neymar signs contract extension with Barça till 2021
  • September 14: Wikinews interviews India's first female Paralympic medalist Deepa Malik

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Museu Oscar Niemeyer
Credit: Morio

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Panorama of the Dam of Sobradinho, Bahia, Brazil.
Credit: Glauco Umbelino

Sobradinho Reservoir is both a dam and an artificial lake located in the north of the Brazilian state of Bahia and a city with the same name located near the lake. The lake is about 320 km long, with a surface of 4,214 square kilometers and a storage capacity of 34.1 cubic kilometers at its nominal elevation of 392.50 meters, making it the 12th-largest artificial lake in the world.

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