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The Botswana Portal

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Botswana (/bɒtˈswɑːnə/), officially the Republic of Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. Since then, it has maintained a strong tradition of stable representative democracy, with a consistent record of uninterrupted democratic elections and the best perceived corruption ranking in Africa since at least 1998.

Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. Its border with Zambia to the north near Kazungula is poorly defined but is, at most, a few hundred metres long.

A mid-sized country of just over 2 million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Around 10 percent of the population lives in the capital and largest city, Gaborone. Formerly one of the poorest countries in the world—with a GDP per capita of about US$70 per year in the late 1960s—Botswana has since transformed itself into one of the world's fastest-growing economies. The economy is dominated by mining, cattle, and tourism. Botswana boasts a GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita of about $18,825 per year as of 2015, which is one of the highest in Africa. Its high gross national income (by some estimates the fourth-largest in Africa) gives the country a relatively high standard of living and the highest Human Development Index of continental Sub-Saharan Africa.

Botswana is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations. The country has been among the hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite the success in programmes to make treatments available to those infected, and to educate the populace in general about how to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS, the number of people with AIDS rose from 290,000 in 2005 to 320,000 in 2013. As of 2014, Botswana has the third-highest prevalence rate for HIV/AIDS, with roughly 20% of the adult population being infected.

Selected article

GaboroneSkyline cropped.jpg

Gaborone (/ˌɡæbəˈrn/ or /ˌxɑːbəˈrn/; Tswana:  [χabʊˈrʊnɪ]; named after Chief Kgosi Gaborone) is the capital and largest city of Botswana with a population of 186,007 based on the 2001 census. It is the administrative capital of the South-East District as well as the sub-district of Gaborone. Locals often refer to the city as Gabs.

Gaborone is situated at 24°39′29″S 25°54′44″E / 24.65806°S 25.91222°E / -24.65806; 25.91222 between Kgale and Oodi Hills, on the Notwane River in the southeastern corner of Botswana, and 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the South African border. The city is served by the Sir Seretse Khama International Airport. (Read more...)

Selected picture

Camels in Tshabong, Botswana2.jpg
Credit: JackyR

Domesticated camels grazing in Tshabong, Botswana.

Did you know ...

Did you know?

  • ... that Botswana international footballer Donald Thobega was involved in the Test For Life campaign, which encourages supporters to get tested for HIV and AIDS?

In the news

Wikinews Botswana portal
  • November 4: Diamonds: Anglo American to pay US$5.1 billion for 40% of De Beers
  • September 27: Study: Birds learn nest building
  • October 18: Wikinews Shorts: October 18, 2009
  • October 17: Botswana holds parliamentary elections
  • March 20: Pink elephant spotted in Botswana
  • January 17: Bushmen given 10 days to leave their reserve in Botswana
  • October 29: U.S. ranks 53rd in press freedom index
  • September 7: UN holding recruitment exams in under-represented countries



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