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Portal:Bollywood

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The Bollywood Portal

Introduction

"Bollywood Steps" show from Bristol

Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindi-language film industry based in Mumbai (formerly known as Bombay), Maharashtra, India. The name "Bollywood" is a portmanteau derived from Bombay and Hollywood (B (ombay-H) ollywood), the center of the American film industry. However, unlike Hollywood, Bollywood does not exist as a physical place. Bollywood is the largest film producer in India and one of the largest centers of film production in the world.

Bollywood is formally referred to as Hindi cinema. Dialogues are usually written in unadorned Hindi that would be understood by the largest possible audience. There has been a growing presence of Indian English in the dialogue and songs as well. Bollywood films are mostly musicals, and are expected to contain catchy music, usually a mixture of Indian and Western music, in the form of song-and-dance numbers woven into the script. Bollywood plots have tended to be melodramatic. They frequently employ formulaic ingredients such as star-crossed lovers and angry parents, love triangles, family ties, sacrifice, corrupt politicians, kidnappers, conniving villains, courtesans with hearts of gold, long-lost relatives and siblings separated by fate, dramatic reversals of fortune, and convenient coincidences. Bollywood Cinema is viewed by millions worldwide.

Selected article

Mother India is a 1957 Hindi epic film, written and directed by Mehboob Khan and starring Nargis, Sunil Dutt, Rajendra Kumar and Raaj Kumar. A melodrama, Mother India is a remake of Mehboob Khan's 1940 film Aurat. It is the story of a poverty-stricken village woman named Radha who, amidst many other trials and tribulations, struggles to raise her sons and survive against an evil money-lender. Despite her hardship, she sets a goddess-like moral example of what it means to be an Indian woman, yet kills her own criminal son at the end for the greater moral good. She represents India as a nation in the aftermath of independence. The film ranks among the all-time Indian box office hits and has been described as "an all-time Indian blockbuster" and "perhaps India's most revered film". The film won the National Film Award for Third Best Feature Film in 1958. Mother India belongs to a small collection of films, including Kismet (1943), Mughal-e-Azam (1960) and Sholay (1975) which continue to be watched daily throughout India and are considered to be definitive Hindi cultural classics. The film was India's first submission for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1958 and was chosen as one of the five nominations for the category.

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Selected biography

Satyajit Ray.jpg
Satyajit Ray (2 May 1921 – 23 April 1992) was an Indian Bengali filmmaker. He is regarded as one of the greatest auteurs of 20th century cinema. Ray was born in the city of Kolkata into a Bengali family prominent in the world of arts and literature. Starting his career as a commercial artist, Ray was drawn into independent filmmaking after meeting French filmmaker Jean Renoir and viewing the Italian neorealist film Bicycle Thieves of Vittorio De Sica during a visit to London. Ray directed thirty-seven films, including feature films, documentaries and shorts. He was also a fiction writer, publisher, illustrator, graphic designer and film critic. Ray's first film, Pather Panchali, won eleven international prizes, including Best Human Documentary at the Cannes film festival. It, Aparajito, and Apur Sansar form The Apu Trilogy. Ray did the scripting, casting, scoring, and editing, and designed his own credit titles and publicity material. Ray received many major awards in his career, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a number of awards at international film festivals and award ceremonies, and an Academy Honorary Award in 1992. That year the Government of India honoured him with the Bharat Ratna.

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Dadasaheb Phalke Award recipient director and screenwriter Shyam Benegal at his office in Mumbai.
Credit: User:Satyenkb
Dadasaheb Phalke Award recipient director and screenwriter Shyam Benegal at his office in Mumbai.

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Bollywood

Awards: Bollywood Movie Awards (defunct) • Filmfare AwardsGlobal Indian Film Awards (defunct) • International Indian Film Academy AwardsNational Film AwardsScreen AwardsStar Guild AwardsStardust AwardsZee Cine Awards

Institutions Asian Academy of Film & TelevisionCentral Board of Film CertificationDirectorate of Film FestivalsFilm and Television Institute of IndiaFilm CityFox Star StudiosNational Film Development Corporation of IndiaSatyajit Ray Film and Television Institute

Lists: List of Bollywood filmsFilm clansHighest-grossing films in overseas marketsHighest-grossing filmsItem numbers

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