Portal:Bolivia

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Portal:Bolivia


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Physical map of Bolivia

Bolivia /bəˈlɪviə/, officially known as the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia, IPA: [esˈtaðo pluɾinasjoˈnal de βoˈliβja]), is a landlocked country in central South America. It is bordered by Brazil to the north and east, Paraguay and Argentina to the south, and Chile and Peru to the west.

Prior to European colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was a part of the Inca Empire - the largest state in Pre-Columbian America. The Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. During most of the Spanish colonial period, this territory was called Upper Peru and was under the administration of the Viceroyalty of Peru, which included most of Spain's South American colonies.


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Uyuni landsat.JPG

Salar de Uyuni (or Salar de Tunupa) is the world's largest salt flat at 10,582 square kilometers (4,086 sq mi). It is located in the Potosí and Oruro departments in southwest Bolivia, near the crest of the Andes, and is elevated 3,656 meters (11,995 ft) above the mean sea level. The Salar was formed as a result of transformations between several prehistoric lakes. It is covered by a few meters of salt crust, which has an extraordinary flatness with the average altitude variations within one meter over the entire area of the Salar. The crust serves as a source of salt and covers a pool of brine, which is exceptionally rich in lithium. It contains 50 to 70% of the world's lithium reserves, which is in the process of being extracted. The large area, clear skies and exceptional surface flatness make the Salar an ideal object for calibrating the altimeters of the Earth observation satellites. The Salar serves as the major transport route across the Bolivian Altiplano and is a major breeding ground for several species of pink flamingos.

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The coat of arms of Bolivia
Credit: Ysangkok

Coat of Arms of Bolivia

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Wikinews Bolivia portal
  • September 21: Bolivian president announces legal action over Obama's 'crimes against humanity'
  • May 10: Four U.N. staff dead after plane crash in Bolivia
  • April 7: ACLU, EFF challenging US 'secret' court orders seeking Twitter data
  • December 7: Reports say Bolivian president reelected
  • December 4: American botanist Lou Jost discovers world's smallest orchid
  • April 4: Interview with US political activist and philosopher Noam Chomsky
  • January 26: Bolivia's Evo Morales wins referendum on a new leftist constitution
  • July 9: Bolivia road crash leaves at least 47 dead
  • February 2: No fatalities as Boeing 727 crash lands in Bolivia
  • January 9: Canupa Gluha Mani speaks about Lakota Oyate, Lakota freedom
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