Portal:Bolivia

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Flag of Bolivia (state).svg

Bolivia (/bəˈlɪviə/ (About this sound listen); Spanish: [boˈliβja]; Guarani: Mborivia [ᵐboˈɾiʋja]; Quechua: Buliwya [bʊlɪwja]; Aymara: Wuliwya [wʊlɪwja]), officially the Plurinational State of Bolivia (Spanish: Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia), is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. The capital is Sucre while the seat of government is located in La Paz. The largest city and principal economic and financial center is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, located on the Llanos Orientales (tropical lowlands) a mostly flat region in the east of Bolivia.

It is constitutionally a unitary state, divided into nine departments. Its geography varies from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin. It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, and to the northwest by Peru. One-third of the country is within the Andean mountain range. With 1,098,581 km2 (424,164 sq mi) of area, Bolivia is the 5th largest country in South America and the 27th largest in the world.

The country's population, estimated at 11 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Mestizos, Europeans, Asians and Africans. The racial and social segregation that arose from Spanish colonialism has continued to the modern era. Spanish is the official and predominant language, although 36 indigenous languages also have official status, of which the most commonly spoken are Guarani, Aymara and Quechua languages.

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Panorama de Cochabamba Bolivia.jpg

Cochabamba is a city in central Bolivia, located in a valley bearing the same name in the Andes mountain range. It is the capital of the Cochabamba Department and is the fourth largest city in Bolivia with an urban population of 608,276 (2008) and a metropolitan population of more than 1,000,000 people. The name derives from a compound of the Quechua words qucha, meaning "lake", and pampa, "open plain". Residents of the city and surrounding areas are commonly referred to as Cochabambinos. Cochabamba is known as the "City of Eternal Spring" and "The Garden City" due to its spring-like temperatures year round. It is also known as "La Llajta", "town" in Quechua.

The city is also host to the first World People's Conference on Climate Change and the Rights of Mother Earth.

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Wikinews Bolivia portal
  • September 21: Bolivian president announces legal action over Obama's 'crimes against humanity'
  • May 10: Four U.N. staff dead after plane crash in Bolivia
  • April 7: ACLU, EFF challenging US 'secret' court orders seeking Twitter data
  • December 7: Reports say Bolivian president reelected
  • December 4: American botanist Lou Jost discovers world's smallest orchid
  • April 4: Interview with US political activist and philosopher Noam Chomsky
  • January 26: Bolivia's Evo Morales wins referendum on a new leftist constitution
  • July 9: Bolivia road crash leaves at least 47 dead
  • February 2: No fatalities as Boeing 727 crash lands in Bolivia
  • January 9: Canupa Gluha Mani speaks about Lakota Oyate, Lakota freedom
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