Portal:Bihar

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I n t r o d u c t i o n

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Bihar (/bɪˈhɑːr/; Hindustani pronunciation: [bɪˈɦaːr]) is an Indian state considered to be a part of Eastern as well as Northern India. It is the 13th-largest state of India, with an area of 94,163 km2 (36,357 sq mi). The third-largest state of India by population, it is contiguous with Uttar Pradesh to its west, Nepal to the north, the northern part of West Bengal to the east, with Jharkhand to the south. The Bihar plain is split by the river Ganges which flows from west to east. Bihar is an amalgamation of three distinct regions: Magadh, Mithila, and Bhojpur.

On 15 November 2000, southern Bihar was ceded to form the new state of Jharkhand. Only 11.3% of the population of Bihar lives in urban areas, which is the lowest in India after Himachal Pradesh. Additionally, almost 58% of Biharis are below the age of 25, giving Bihar the highest proportion of young people of any Indian state.

In ancient and classical India, the area that is now Bihar was considered a centre of power, learning, and culture. From Magadha arose India's first empire, the Maurya empire, as well as one of the world's most widely adhered-to religions, Buddhism. Magadha empires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta dynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a central rule. Another region of Bihar is Mithila which was an early centre of Brahmanical learning and the centre of the Videha kingdom. There is an ongoing movement in the Maithili speaking region of Bihar for a separate Indian state of Mithila. What would be the capital of the state has yet to be decided, but Darbhanga is the most likely candidate. Other potential capitals include Muzaffarpur, Purnia, Madhubani and Begusarai.

Since the late 1970s, Bihar has lagged far behind other Indian states in terms of social and economic development. Many economists and social scientists claim that this is a direct result of the policies of the central government, such as the Freight equalisation policy, its apathy towards Bihar, lack of Bihari sub-nationalism, and the Permanent Settlement of 1793 by the British East India Company. The state government has, however, made significant strides in developing the state. Improved governance has led to an economic revival in the state through increased investment in infrastructure, better health care facilities, greater emphasis on education, and a reduction in crime and corruption.

Gallery

A Stone structure at the vikramshila excavation site
Naulakha Mandir at Buxar
Harmandir Patna
Barabar Caves
Jami Masjid
Diwan-e-Khas of Rohtas Fort

Selected Article

The Mundeshwari Devi Temple (also spelled as Mundesvari) is located at Kaura in Kaimur district in the state of Bihar, India on the Mundeshwari Hills. It is an ancient temple dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva and Shakti and is considered one of the oldest Hindu temples in Bihar. It is also considered as the 'oldest functional' temple of India.

The inscription of an information plaque erected by the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) at the site indicates the dating of the temple to 635 AD. However, there are other versions for the dating stating the Saka era, prior to Gupta dynasty rule (320 AD) in India, and specifically to 105 AD according to the Administrator of the Bihar Religious Trust Board. The temple, a protected monument under ASI since 1915, is substantially damaged and is under restoration.

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Selected biography

Nikhil Kumar (Hindi: निखिल कुमार) (born 15 July 1941) is the current Governor of Kerala and former Governor of Nagaland. A stalwart of the IPS, he is the former Chief of the elite National Security Guards and a former Commissioner of Police,Delhi.He held many important assignments and posts of national importance, in particular Special Union Home Secretary with charge of Internal Security at the Home Ministry.


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Quotes

  • We should not fret for what is past, nor should we be anxious about the future; men of discernment deal only with the present moment.

-Chanakya

  • If a king is energetic, his subjects will be equally energetic. If he is reckless, they will not only be reckless likewise, but also eat into his works. Besides, a reckless king will easily fall into the hands of his enemies. Hence the king shall ever be wakeful.

-Chanakya

Current news

Today is August 16, 2018

Did you know...

  • ...Patna,Capital of Bihar, has been ranked as 21st fastest growing city in the world and 5th fastest growing city in India,by City Mayors Foundation.Citymayors
  • ...Bihar became first state in India to utilize Information technology for speedy disposal of complaint cases under the Right to Information (RTI) Act, by introducing videoconferencing system.TOI
  • ...that Patna,capital of Bihar is second in terms of ease of starting a business,according to a World Bank ranking announced in 2009.
  • ...that Bihar has been termed as India's new miracle economy,by The economic times,in the year 2010.This happened because,in the five-year period between 2004-05 to 2008-09, GDP of Bihar registered a growth of 11.03%.
  • ...that A call center related to RTI,was first started in Bihar.It enables people living in remotest part of state,to submit application for information under RTI by using public or private telephone.

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