Portal:Bhutan

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The Bhutan portal

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The Kingdom of Bhutan /bˈtɑːn/ (Dzongkha: འབྲུག་ཡུལ་; Wylie: 'brug yul; "Land of the Thunder Dragon"), is a landlocked country in South Asia, located at the eastern end of the Himalaya Mountains and bordered to the south, east and west by the Republic of India and to the north by the People's Republic of China. Bhutan is separated from the nearby Nepal to the west by the Indian state of Sikkim, and from Bangladesh to the south by Indian West Bengal.

Bhutan used to be one of the most isolated countries in the world. Developments including direct international flights, the Internet, mobile phone networks, and cable television have increasingly modernized the urban areas of the country. Bhutan balanced modernization with its ancient culture and traditions under the guiding philosophy of Gross National Happiness (GNH). Fervent protection of the environment has been a top priority. The government takes great measures to preserve the nation's traditional culture, identity and the environment. In 2006, Business Week magazine rated Bhutan the happiest country in Asia and the eighth-happiest in the world, citing a global survey conducted by the University of Leicester in 2006 called the "World Map of Happiness."

Bhutan's landscape ranges from subtropical plains in the south to the Sub-alpine Himalayan heights in the north, with some peaks exceeding 7,000 metres (23,000 ft). The state religion is Vajrayana Buddhism, and the population of 691,141 is predominantly Buddhist, with Hinduism being the second-largest religion. The capital and largest city is Thimphu. After centuries of direct monarchic rule, the King voluntarily abdicated himself for his son and devolved power to the people. Bhutan held its first democratic elections in March 2008 and Druk Phumtshum Tshogpa (Peace and Prosperity Party) won by a landslide margin (winning 45 out of the 47 seats). Among other international associations, Bhutan is a member of the United Nations and the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) and hosted the sixteenth SAARC summit in April 2010. The total area of the country is currently 38,816 square kilometres (14,987 sq mi).

Selected article

Druk Air Airbus A319 at Paro Airport, Bhutan
Druk Air Corporation Limited (Dzongkha: འབྲུག་མཁའ་འགྲུལ་ལས་འཛིན།, Wylie: 'brug mkha' 'grul las 'dzin), operating as Drukair — Royal Bhutan Airlines, is the national airline of the Kingdom of Bhutan.

Founded in 1981, ten years after Druk Gyalpo Jigme Dorji Wangchuck gradually began to open up the kingdom from self-imposed isolation, and seven years after welcoming its first foreign visitors, the airline commenced operations in 1983 with flights from Calcutta to Paro utilising Dornier Do 228 aircraft. A switch to BAe 146-100 equipment occurred in November 1988, and in order to meet increased demand, those aircraft were replaced in 2004 with two Airbus A319s.
Druk Air is the only airline currently flying into Bhutan. The airline operates a modest scheduled flight network within the South Asian region from its base at Paro Airport in the western dzongkhag of Paro and currently consists of eight destinations in five countries.
Bhutan has drawn a Vision 2020 Plan, as part of its Five Year Development Plans targeting several sectors for development, which includes improved external air links by 2017 that would enable increase in income from tourism from 100% (by 2012) to 150% (2017) coupled with completion of second National Highway by 2017. It has also signed several memorandum of understandings with the Government of India not only to enhance airtraffic facilities and operations but also to help Bhutan during emergency situations of floods and earthquake affecting the Paro Airport.

Selected biography

King Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck
Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck (Dzongkha: འཇིགས་མེད་གེ་སར་རྣམ་རྒྱལ་དབང་ཕྱུག་, born 21 February 1980) is the fifth Druk Gyalpo of Bhutan and head of the Wangchuck dynasty. He became king on 14 December 2006, and was officially crowned on 6 November 2008.Khesar is the eldest son of the fourth and previous Dragon King of Bhutan, Jigme Singye Wangchuck, and his father's third wife, Queen (Ashi) Tshering Yangdon. He has a younger sister, Princess Dechen Yangzom, and brother, Prince Jigme Dorji, as well as four half-sisters and three half-brothers.

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Ashi Pema Dechen (pl) — Dance of the Black Hats (en) — Dorje Lingpa (1346—1405) — Lower Drukpa tradition (de) — Upper Drukpa tradition (de) — Trashigang Dzong (en) — Haa Wangchuk Lo Dzong (en) — Dobji Dzong (en/[1]/[2]) — Zhemgang Dzong (en) — Daga Dzong (en/en) —Trashi Yangtse Dzong (en) — Yonten Thaye (pl) — Choley Yeshe Ngodub (pt) — Tenzin Drugyey (no) — Bhutan Royal Botanic Gardens (es) — Bhutan–Spain relations (es) — Territorial disputes between the Kingdom of Bhutan and China (zh) — Chukha Hydroelectric Power Station (no) — Nishioka Keiji (ja) — Karma Ura (ja) — Jasha Maroo (cs/ru[3]) — Mebartsho (ru) — State awards of Bhutan (ru) — State system of Bhutan (ru) — Sonam Choden Wangchuck (ru) — Khamsum Singhye Wangchuck (ru) — Dechen Wangmo Wangchuck (ru) — Corvus corax tibetanus (ru) — B-Division (ru/nl) — C-Division (nl) — Kurteop (hr) — Lyonpo (et) — Royal Bhutan Army Air Wing (it) — Eutropis quadratilobus (fr) — Calotes bhutanensis (fr) — Basketball Federation of Bhutan (fr) — Bhutan at the Asian Indoor Games (nl)
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  • Ten dead after earthquake in Bhutan on September 2009
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