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Portal:Bengali cinema

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Introduction

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The cinema of West Bengal, also known as Tollywood (Bengali: টলিউড, translit. ṭaliuḍ) refers to the Indian Bengali language film industry based in the Tollygunge region of Kolkata, West Bengal, India. The origins of the nickname Tollywood, a portmanteau of the words Tollygunge and Hollywood, dates back to 1932. Although the industry's Gross Box-office is smaller, when compared to large market driven industries of the country such as Bollywood, Telugu cinema, Tamil cinema and Malayalam cinema the Bengali film industry is known for producing many of Indian cinema's most critically acclaimed global Parallel Cinema and art films, with several of its filmmakers gaining international acclaim, and prominence at the Indian National Film Awards. Modern Bengali cinema is known for re-inventing the cinematic norms from the poetically theoretical to the in-your-face physical and romantic fantasies, that which is evident in the western world.[1][2]

The cinema of Bangladesh is the Bengali language film industry based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It has often been a significant film industry since the early 1970s and is frequently referred to as "Dhallywood" (Bengali: ঢালিউড), which is a portmanteau of the words Dhaka and Hollywood. The dominant style of Bangladeshi cinema is melodramatic cinema, which developed from 1947 to 1990 and characterizes most films to this day. Cinema was introduced in Bangladesh in 1898 by Bradford Bioscope Company, credited to have arranged the first film release in Bangladesh. Between 1913 and 1914, the first production company named Picture House was opened. A short silent film titled Sukumari (The Good Girl) was the first produced film in the region during 1928. The first full-length film The Last Kiss, was released in 1931. From the separation of Bangladesh from Pakistan, Dhaka is the center of Bangladeshi film industry, and generated the majority share of revenue, production and audiences. The 1960s, 1970s, 1980s and the first half of the 1990s were the golden years for Bangladeshi films as the industry produced many successful films. The Face and the Mask, the first Bengali language Bangladeshi full-length feature film was produced in 1956.[3][4]

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Harishchandra.jpg
Satyawadi Raja Harishchandra (Bengali: সত্যবাদী রাজা হরিশচন্দ্র; English: Truthful King Harishchandra) is a 1917 silent black and white Indian film based on Hindu mythology, directed by Rustomji Dhotiwala. It was produced by J. F. Madan's Elphinstone Bioscope.[5] Credited as the first remake in Indian cinema, the film is a remake of the first Indian feature film, Raja Harishchandra (1913) and was also inspired by a Urdu language drama, Harishchandra.[6] The film is based on the mythological story of a Hindu King Harishchandra, the 36th king of the Solar Dynasty, who donated his entire kingdom and sold himself and his family to keep the promise given to the sage Vishvamitra in the dream.[7] It is also the first feature film made in Calcutta. The intertitles used in the film were in Bengali language as the film was a silent film.[8] The film was released on 24 March 1917 at New Tent Maidan, Calcutta.[9][10]

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The only solutions that are ever worth anything are the solutions that people find themselves. --Satyajit Ray

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Urvashi Rautela.

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Uttam Kumar' (3 September 1926 – 24 July 1980) (born as Arun Kumar Chatterjee) was an Indian film actor, director, producer, singer and music composer, playback singer who predominantly worked in Indian Cinema.[11] He is widely regarded as the greatest actor of Bengali cinema, and also among the greatest actors ever in India. Through his career he earned commercial as well as critical success, and he remains as an Indian cultural icon.[12]

Considered as the most popular film star of Bengali cinema, Kumar managed to have a huge fan following, that mainly concentrated in the regions of West Bengal, India. He was a recipient of many awards over his lifetime, including National Film Award for Best Actor. A Metro Station in Kolkata was renamed in his honour.

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Dena paona 1931.jpg

A still of a scene from the movie Dena Paona which is credited as the one of the first Bengali talkies, and along with Alam Ara, was one of the first sound films produced in India.

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National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Bengali ,Cinema of India

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IMDb: The 100 Greatest Bengali Movies Of All Time

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  1. ^ "Bengali films go sexual". dna. 20 July 2006. 
  2. ^ "The Trailer For Bengali Film 'Ludo' Could Give You Nightmares". The Huffington Post. 3 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "History of Bangladeshi Film". cholochitro.com. Cholochitro. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Mukh O Mukhosh". bfa.gov.bd. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  5. ^ "Satyawadi Raja Harishchandra (1917)". Internet Media Data Base.com. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  6. ^ Gooptu 2010, p. 12.
  7. ^ Dawar 2006, p. 9.
  8. ^ Cameron 2011, p. 302.
  9. ^ Sur & Goswami 1999, p. 1.
  10. ^ Gooptu 2010, p. 16.
  11. ^ "Of fond memories", The Telegraph, 24 July 2003, retrieved 15 August 2010 
  12. ^ . Dasgupta, Priyanka (24 July 2010), "Star struck for Uttam?", The Times of India, retrieved 15 August 2010 
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