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Portal:Bengali cinema

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Introduction

Nandan - Kolkata

The cinema of West Bengal, also known as Tollywood (Bengali: টলিউড, translit. ṭaliuḍ) refers to the Indian Bengali language film industry based in the Tollygunge region of Kolkata, West Bengal, India. The origins of the nickname Tollywood, a portmanteau of the words Tollygunge and Hollywood, dates back to 1932. Although the industry's Gross Box-office is smaller, when compared to large market driven industries of the country such as Bollywood, Telugu cinema, Tamil cinema and Malayalam cinema the Bengali film industry is known for producing many of Indian cinema's most critically acclaimed global Parallel Cinema and art films, with several of its filmmakers gaining international acclaim, and prominence at the Indian National Film Awards. Modern Bengali cinema is known for re-inventing the cinematic norms from the poetically theoretical to the in-your-face physical and romantic fantasies, that which is evident in the western world.[1][2]

The cinema of Bangladesh is the Bengali language film industry based in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It has often been a significant film industry since the early 1970s and is frequently referred to as "Dhallywood" (Bengali: ঢালিউড), which is a portmanteau of the words Dhaka and Hollywood. The dominant style of Bangladeshi cinema is melodramatic cinema, which developed from 1947 to 1990 and characterizes most films to this day. Cinema was introduced in Bangladesh in 1898 by Bradford Bioscope Company, credited to have arranged the first film release in Bangladesh. Between 1913 and 1914, the first production company named Picture House was opened. A short silent film titled Sukumari (The Good Girl) was the first produced film in the region during 1928. The first full-length film The Last Kiss, was released in 1931. From the separation of Bangladesh from Pakistan, Dhaka is the center of Bangladeshi film industry, and generated the majority share of revenue, production and audiences. The 1960s, 1970s, 1980s and the first half of the 1990s were the golden years for Bangladeshi films as the industry produced many successful films. The Face and the Mask, the first Bengali language Bangladeshi full-length feature film was produced in 1956.[3][4]

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Matir Moina (Bengali: মাটির ময়না; also spelled Matir Moyna and known in English as The Clay Bird) is a Bengali drama film directed by Tareque Masud, a Bangladeshi film director. The film was released in 2002. It was awarded the FIPRESCI Prize in section Directors' Fortnight outside competition at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival,[5] and became Bangladesh's first film to compete for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film.

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"The danger inherent in all force grows stronger when it is likely to gain success, for then it becomes temptation." -- Rabindranath Tagore, (Polymath)

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Portrait of Satyajit Ray

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Dia5275 Ravi Shankar.jpg
Ravi Shankar, KBE (IPA: [ˈrɔbi ˈʃɔŋkɔr]; 7 April 1920 – 11 December 2012), born Rabindra Shankar Chowdhury,his name often preceded by the title Pandit ('Master'), was an Indian musician and a composer of Hindustani classical music. He was one of the best-known exponents of the sitar in the second half of the 20th century and influenced many other musicians throughout the world.

Shankar was born to a Bengali family in India,[6] and spent his youth touring India and Europe with the dance group of his brother Uday Shankar. He gave up dancing in 1938 to study sitar playing under court musician Allauddin Khan. After finishing his studies in 1944, Shankar worked as a composer, creating the music for the Apu Trilogy by Satyajit Ray, and was music director of All India Radio, New Delhi, from 1949 to 1956.

In 1956 he began to tour Europe and the Americas playing Indian classical music and increased its popularity there in the 1960s through teaching, performance, and his association with violinist Yehudi Menuhin and Beatles guitarist George Harrison. His influence on the latter helped popularize the use of Indian instruments in pop music throughout the 1960s. Shankar engaged Western music by writing compositions for sitar and orchestra, and toured the world in the 1970s and 1980s. From 1986 to 1992, he served as a nominated member of Rajya Sabha, the upper chamber of the Parliament of India. He continued to perform until the end of his life. In 1999, Shankar was awarded India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna.

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Dena paona 1931.jpg

A still of a scene from the movie Dena Paona which is credited as the one of the first Bengali talkies, and along with Alam Ara, was one of the first sound films produced in India.

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National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Bengali ,Cinema of India

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IMDb: The 100 Greatest Bengali Movies Of All Time

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  1. ^ "Bengali films go sexual". dna. 20 July 2006. 
  2. ^ "The Trailer For Bengali Film 'Ludo' Could Give You Nightmares". The Huffington Post. 3 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "History of Bangladeshi Film". cholochitro.com. Cholochitro. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  4. ^ "Mukh O Mukhosh". bfa.gov.bd. Retrieved 14 November 2014. 
  5. ^ A web resource on Tareque Masud and his film Matir Moyna compiling many of his film reviews and interviews
  6. ^ "Pandit Ravi Shankar". Cultural India. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
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