Portal:Bengali

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The Bengali Portal

বাংলা.svg

Bengali (/bɛŋˈɡɔːli/),[1] also known by its endonym Bangla (/ˈbɑːŋlɑː/; বাংলা [ˈbaŋla]), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken in the Indian Subcontinent. It is the national and official language of the People's Republic of Bangladesh, and the official language of some eastern and north-eastern states of the Republic of India, including West Bengal, Tripura, Assam (Barak Valley) and Andaman and Nicobar Islands. It is also one of the 22 scheduled languages of India. With over 250 million speakers, Bengali is the seventh most spoken native language in the world by population. It has been influenced by other language families prevalent in South Asia, notably the Dravidian, the Austroasiatic, and the Tibeto-Burman families, all of which contributed to Bengali vocabulary and provided the language with some structural forms. Dictionaries from the early 20th century attributed slightly more than half of the Bengali vocabulary to native words (i.e., naturally modified Sanskrit words, corrupted forms of Sanskrit words, and loanwords from non-Indo-European languages), about 30 percent to unmodified Sanskrit words, and the remainder to foreign words.[2] Dominant in the last group was Persian, which was also the source of some grammatical forms. More recent studies suggest that the use of native and foreign words has been increasing, mainly because of the preference of Bengali speakers for the colloquial style.[2] Today, Bengali is the primary language spoken in Bangladesh and the second most widely spoken language in India.[3][4][5]

Selected article

Bengali grammar (Bengali: বাংলা ব্যাকরণ Bangla Bækôrôn) is the study of the morphology and syntax of Bengali, an Indo-European language spoken in the Indian subcontinent. Although Bengali uses a separate alphabet (see Bengali script), a Romanization scheme is used here to suggest the pronunciation.

Selected picture

Shaheed minar Roehl.jpg

Shaheed Minar, or language martyr's memorial, located at Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Selected biography

Rabindranath Tagore unknown location.jpg

Rabindranath Tagore was a Bengali polymath who reshaped Bengali literature and music, as well as Indian art with Contextual Modernism in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Author of Gitanjali and its "profoundly sensitive, fresh and beautiful verse",[6] he became the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.[7] Sometimes referred to as "the Bard of Bengal",Tagore's poetic songs were viewed as spiritual and mercurial; however, his "elegant prose and magical poetry" remain largely unknown outside Bengal.


Selected poem

Stream of Life is the poem(below) written by Rabindranath tagore.

Bengali English transliteration Word for Word translation
প্রাণ

ভুলবো না আর সহজেতে

সেই প্রাণে মন উঠবে মেতে

মৃত্যু মাঝে ঢাকা আছে

যে অন্তহীন প্রাণ


বজ্রে তোমার বাজে বাঁশি

সেকি সহজ গান

সেই সুরেতে জাগবো আমি


সেই ঝড় যেন সই আনন্দে

চিত্তবীণার তারে

সপ্তসিন্ধু দশ দিগন্ত

নাচাও যে ঝঙ্কারে


বজ্রে তোমার বাজে বাঁশি

সেকি সহজ গান

সেই সুরেতে জাগবো আমি

Praan

Bhulbona ar shohojete

Shei praan e mon uthbe mete

Mrittu majhe dhaka ache

je ontohin praan


Bojre tomar baje bashi

She ki shohoj gaan

Shei shurete jagbo ami


Shei jhor jeno shoi anonde

Chittobinar taare

Shopto-Shindhu dosh digonto

Nachao je jhonkare!

Life

I shall not ever easily forget,

My heart shall fill up with life,

Even in death, lies hidden

That endless life


On the ship, your flute plays,

But that is no ordinary tune,

I shall wake up to that tune. X2


On the ship, your flute plays,

But that is no ordinary tune,

Let me have, that very tune.


May I happily weather that storm,

Even on the verge of lifelessness,

Across 7 rivers, in 10 directions,

Make us dance with your tune.

Did you know...

DYK question mark

...that of all the persons Manuel da Assumpção (then spelled Manoel da Assumpçam) was the first person to write grammar of the Bengali language, in 1743, titled "Vocabulario em idioma bengalla e portugueza" (Vocabulary of Bengali language and Portuguese (archaic Portuguese: Vocabolario em idioma Bengalla, e Portuguez dividido em duas partes).[8]?

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The initial aim of this portal is to provide information about:

  1. History of the Bengali language
  2. Technical communication (includes grammar and dialect)

Because there is so much work to be done, and the general direction of this portal is not completely clear, it could be hard for others to get involved at this stage. However, at the moment, you can check out the list of Category:Language stubs, because those articles are related to at least some of what will be in this portal, and many of them need to be expanded.

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Related portals

WikiProjects

Bengali topics

Associated Wikimedia

The following Wikimedia Foundation sister projects provide more on this subject:

Wikibooks
Books

Commons
Media

Wikinews 
News

Wikiquote 
Quotations

Wikisource 
Texts

Wikiversity
Learning resources

Wikivoyage 
Travel guides

Wiktionary 
Definitions

Wikidata 
Database

Wikispecies 
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  1. ^ Laurie Bauer, 2007, The Linguistics Student’s Handbook, Edinburgh
  2. ^ a b "Bengali language". Retrieved 2016-09-02. 
  3. ^ "The Second Most Spoken Languages Around the World". Olivet Nazarene University. Retrieved 2015-04-20. 
  4. ^ "Languages of India". Archived from the original on 10 February 2013. Retrieved 2009-09-02. 
  5. ^ "Languages in Descending Order of Strength — India, States and Union Territories – 1991 Census" (PDF). Census Data Online. Office of the Registrar General, India. p. 1. Archived from the original on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2006-11-19. 
  6. ^ The Nobel Foundation.
  7. ^ O'Connell 2008.
  8. ^ Banglapedia, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2003.
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