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An important global power city and political capital, Beijing exerts an extraordinary global influence in politics, business and economy, literature, education, history, culture, architecture, art, sports, innovation, science and technology, tourism, and language of the world. The city ranks highly in capital status, international influence, quality of life, consumption level, and finance, and is also one of the most visited cities globally. With 3000 years of history, Beijing is one of the world's oldest cities and possesses records of human ancestry dating as back as 700 000 years. Beijing is the second largest Chinese city by urban population after Shanghai and is the nation's political, cultural, and educational center. It is home to the headquarters of most of China's largest state-owned companies and is a major hub for the national highway, expressway, railway, and high-speed rail networks. The Beijing Capital International Airport has been the second busiest in the world by passenger traffic since 2010, and, as of 2016, the city's subway network is the busiest and second longest in the world, after Shanghai's subway system.

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The Beijing city wall was a series of fortifications built between 1436 and 1553. The Inner city wall was 24 km long 20 metres thick at ground level and 12 metres thick at the top. The wall was 15 metres high, and it had nine gates. This wall stood for nearly 530 years, but in 1965 it was removed to allow construction of the 2nd Ring Road and the Line 2, Beijing Subway. Only one part of the wall is extant, in the southeast, just south of Beijing Railway Station. The Outer city walls had a perimeter of approximately 28 kilometres. The entire enclosure of the Inner and Outer cities formed a "凸" shape with a perimeter of nearly 60 kilometres.

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...that in 1966, Beijing Daily, the official newspaper of the CPC Beijing Municipal Committee, was forced to cease publication after it refused to publish a paper by one of the Gang of Four?
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