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B e e r

A portal dedicated to beer


The Beer Portal

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Beer is the world's most widely consumed alcoholic beverage and the third most popular drink after water and tea. It is produced by the brewing and fermentation of starches, mainly derived from cereal grains—the most common of which is malted barley, although wheat, maize (corn), and rice are widely used. Most beer is flavored with hops, which add bitterness and act as a natural preservative, though other flavorings such as herbs or fruit may occasionally be included. Alcoholic beverages distilled after fermentation, fermented from non-starch sources such as grape juice (wine) or honey (mead), or fermented from un-malted starches (rice wine) are not classified as beer.

Some of humanity's earliest known writings refer to the production and distribution of beer: the Code of Hammurabi included laws regulating beer and beer parlours, and "The Hymn to Ninkasi," a prayer to the Mesopotamian goddess of beer, served as both a prayer and as a method of remembering the recipe for beer in a culture with few literate people. Today, the brewing industry is a global business, consisting of several dominant multinational companies and many thousands of smaller producers ranging from brewpubs to regional breweries.

The basics of brewing beer are shared across national and cultural boundaries and are commonly categorized into two main types—the globally popular pale lagers, and the regionally distinct ales, which are further categorised into other varieties such as pale ale, stout and brown ale. The strength of beer is usually around 4% to 6% alcohol by volume (abv.) though may range from less than 1% abv., to over 20% abv. in rare cases.

Beer forms part of the culture of various beer-drinking nations and has acquired various social traditions and associations, such as beer festivals and a rich pub culture involving activities such as pub crawling or pub games such as bar billiards.


The Beer WikiProject

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WikiProject Beer is an association of Wikipedians with an interest in beer and beer-related subjects. They have come together to coordinate the development of beer and brewery articles here on Wikipedia. Additionally, other groups have formed other projects that entertain subjects that are directly related to beer, bartending and pubs. Additionally, the mixed drinks project covers topics that include beer cocktails. If any of these subjects pique your interest, please feel free to visit their projects. These groups would love to have you participate!

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Bock is a strong lager, which has origins in the Hanseatic town Einbeck, Germany. The name is a corruption of the medieval German brewing town of Einbeck. The original Bocks were dark beers, brewed from high-coloured malts. Modern Bocks can be dark, amber or pale in colour. Bock was traditionally brewed for special occasions, often religious festivals such as Christmas, Easter or Lent.

Bocks have a long history of being brewed and drunk by Roman Catholic monks in Germany. During the Spring religious season of Lent, monks were required to fast.

In the twentieth century, bock beers gained an undeserved reputation (primarily in the United States) for being brewed from the dregs of previous brewings. This is impossible, as the "dregs" were not clearly defined and the leftovers from the brewing process are not fermentable. The rumour may have started because some brewers used inferior ingredients or a large quantity of adjuncts in their bocks.


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Frederick Edward John Miller
Frederick Edward John Miller
B. 24 November 1824 – d. 11 May 1888

Frederick Edward John Miller was a German-American brewer who founded the Miller Brewing company.

He born as "Friedrich Eduard Johannes Müller" in Riedlingen, Germany was a brewery owner who founded the Miller Brewing Company in 1855. He learned the brewing business in Sigmaringen.

Miller founded his company, Miller Brewing Company, 1855 when he purchased the small Plank-Road Brewery. The brewery's location in the Miller Valley provided easy access to raw materials produced on nearby farms.


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A selection of Shiner beer varieties
The Spoetzl Brewery began in 1909 in Shiner, Texas as the Shiner Brewing Association, and is the oldest independent brewery in Texas. In 1914 a German immigrant brewer named Kosmos Spoetzl co-leased the association with Oswald Petzold with an option to buy in 1915. Spoetzl's beer proved popular with the large German and Czech immigrant population in the Texas Hill Country. During prohibition, the brewery stayed afloat by selling ice and "near beer," allowing it to remain in business while many other breweries failed.

The brewery, now the fourth-largest craft brewery in the United States, produces beers under the name "Shiner." The flagship and most popular beer is "Shiner Bock", a dark German lager which comprises about three quarters of the brewery's production. Shiner has gained a loyal following in America and especially in central Texas, possibly due in part to the fact that the Spoetzl Brewery often donates several kegs of the beer for free consumption at many popular events in the Texas Hill Country, including San Antonio and Austin. The brewery has a prominent tent at and is a sponsor of Austin's yearly Texas Craft Brewers Festival.

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A can of Yanjing (燕京啤酒) Beer served onboard of an Air China plane Boeing-737
Yanjing Beer
Produced by Yanjing Beer Company, Ltd.

Yanjing Beer is a malty, smooth lager beer from China. It is the most commonly available beer throughout Beijing, is the official state beer of China, and is one of the major sponsors of the 2008 Beijing Olympics. The beer was first brewed in 1980, and continues to be made today. It is also exported to countries around the globe, including the United States, Australia and the United Kingdom.



Hallertau hops


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Well ya see, Norm, it's like this... A herd of buffalo can only move as fast as the slowest buffalo, and when the herd is hunted, it is the slowest and weakest ones at the back that are killed first. This natural selection is good for the herd as a whole, because the general speed and health of the whole group keeps improving by the regular killing of the weakest members. In much the same way, the human brain can only operate as fast as the slowest brain cells. Excessive intake of alcohol, as we know, kills brain cells, but naturally it attacks the slowest and weakest brain cells first. In this way, regular consumption of beer eliminates the weaker brain cells, making the brain a faster and more efficient machine. That's why you always feel smarter after a few beers.

The Buffalo Theory as explained on an episode of Cheers by Cliff Clavin to his drinking buddy, Norm Peterson


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A pint of stout.
Credit: Jon Sullivan, PD Photo.org

A pint of stout.


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