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Portal:Barack Obama

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The Barack Obama Portal

A portrait shot of a serious looking middle-aged African-American male looking straight ahead. He has short black hair, and is wearing a dark navy blazer with a blue striped tie over a light blue collared shirt. In the background are two flags hanging from separate flagpoles: an American flag, and one from the Executive Office of the President.

Barack Hussein Obama II (/bəˈrɑːk hˈsn ˈbɑːmə/ (About this sound listen); born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009 to January 20, 2017. The first African American to assume the presidency, he was previously the junior United States Senator from Illinois from 2005 to 2008. Before that, he served in the Illinois State Senate from 1997 until 2004.

Obama was born in 1961 in Honolulu, Hawaii, two years after the territory was admitted to the Union as the 50th state. Raised largely in Hawaii, Obama also spent one year of his childhood in Washington State and four years in Indonesia. After graduating from Columbia University in 1983, he worked as a community organizer in Chicago. In 1988 Obama enrolled in Harvard Law School, where he was the first black president of the Harvard Law Review. After graduation, he became a civil rights attorney and professor and taught constitutional law at the University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. Obama represented the 13th District for three terms in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, when he ran for the U.S. Senate. Obama received national attention in 2004 with his unexpected March primary win, his well-received July Democratic National Convention keynote address, and his landslide November election to the Senate. In 2008, Obama was nominated for president a year after his campaign began and after a close primary campaign against Hillary Clinton. He was elected over Republican John McCain and was inaugurated on January 20, 2009. Nine months later, Obama was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate, accepting the award with the caveat that he felt there were others "far more deserving of this honor than I."

During his first two years in office, Obama signed many landmark bills into law. The main reforms were the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (often referred to as "Obamacare", shortened as the "Affordable Care Act"), the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, and the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010 served as economic stimulus amidst the Great Recession. After a lengthy debate over the national debt limit, Obama signed the Budget Control and the American Taxpayer Relief Acts. In foreign policy, Obama increased U.S. troop levels in Afghanistan, reduced nuclear weapons with the United States–Russia New START treaty, and ended military involvement in the Iraq War. He ordered military involvement in Libya in opposition to Muammar Gaddafi; Gaddafi was killed by NATO-assisted forces, and he also ordered the military operation that resulted in the deaths of Osama bin Laden and suspected Yemeni Al-Qaeda operative Anwar al-Awlaki.

After winning re-election by defeating Republican opponent Mitt Romney, Obama was sworn in for a second term in 2013. During his second term, Obama promoted inclusiveness for LGBT Americans. His administration filed briefs that urged the Supreme Court to strike down same-sex marriage bans as unconstitutional (United States v. Windsor and Obergefell v. Hodges). Obama advocated for gun control in response to the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, and issued wide-ranging executive actions concerning climate change and immigration. In foreign policy, Obama ordered military intervention in Iraq in response to gains made by ISIL after the 2011 withdrawal from Iraq, continued the process of ending U.S. combat operations in Afghanistan, promoted discussions that led to the 2015 Paris Agreement on global climate change, initiated sanctions against Russia following the invasion in Ukraine and again after Russian interference in the 2016 United States elections, brokered a nuclear deal with Iran, and normalized U.S. relations with Cuba. Obama left office in January 2017 with a 60% approval rating and currently resides in Washington, D.C. Since leaving office, his presidency has been favorably ranked by historians and the general public. Obama also enjoyed a high global approval rating, and the United States' reputation saw a dramatic upward shift during his presidency.

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The 2008 Barack Obama assassination plot in Denver refers to an alleged plot by Shawn Robert Adolf, Tharin Robert Gartrell and Nathan Dwaine Johnson to assassinate Barack Obama, then the 2008 Democratic Party presidential nominee. The trio allegedly planned to shoot Senator Obama with a high-powered rifle during the Democratic National Convention in Denver, Colorado.

The alleged motive for the attempted assassination was a white supremacist belief that an African American should not be elected President of the United States. Gartrell was arrested August 24, 2008, and found to be in possession of rifles and other weaponry; Adolf and Johnson were arrested shortly thereafter. In a televised interview after his arrest, Johnson identified Adolf as the man who allegedly hatched the assassination plot and planned to be the shooter.

Although suspected white supremacist associations led federal authorities to investigate possible ties to a larger group, authorities later downplayed the trio as drug addicts who had little chance of actually carrying out the plot. The three men were charged with drug and weapons charges, but did not face federal charges of threatening a presidential candidate.

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Barack Obama in a dark suit, with Michelle Obama in yellow and Malia and Sasha Obama, waving, with a crowd behind them.
Credit: Master Sgt. Cecilio Ricardo, U.S. Air Force
President Barack Obama and his family wave after his inaugural address on January 20, 2009.

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Wikinews Barack Obama category
  • October 24: Five United States ex-presidents raise relief funds at hurricane event
  • April 2: Israel approves first West Bank settlement in over 20 years
  • January 23: Donald Trump inaugurated as 45th U.S. president
  • January 13: Putin calls US troops in Poland 'a threat'
  • January 13: Obama surprises 'brother' Joe Biden with Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • January 12: U.S. President Obama's farewell address focuses on accomplishment
  • December 31: U.S. responds to Russian election hacking with expulsions, sanctions
  • November 6: On the campaign trail in the USA, October 2016
  • October 21: On the campaign trail in the USA, September 2016
  • September 23: On the campaign trail in the USA, August 2016
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Presidency: Timeline (2009)Timeline (2010)First 100 daysForeign policyPolitical positionsPublic imageJudicial appointmentsPresidential transitionCabinet confirmationsSupreme Court candidatesSpeech to Congress (2009)InaugurationUnofficial inauguration eventsWe Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln MemorialBarack Obama Presidential Library and Museum

2008 campaign: 2008 presidential election2008 presidential election timeline2008 Campaign endorsements2008 presidential primary campaignVictory speech (2008)Jeremiah Wright controversyBill Ayers controversyEndorsement by Oprah WinfreyRepublican and conservative supportNewspaper endorsementsInauguration invitations2008 Democratic National Convention • "A More Perfect Union" • 2008 campaign staff membersEndorsements from state, local and territory officialsResults of the 2008 Democratic Party presidential primariesOpinion polling for 2008 electionComparison of candidatesCongressional endorsementsInternational reactionOpinion polling for 2008 Democratic Party candidatesSouth Carolina Democratic primary, 2008United States presidential election in Iowa, 2008

Career: Electoral history of Barack ObamaEarly life and careerU.S. Senate careerIllinois Senate careerIllinois Senate electionsBills sponsored in U.S. Senate2004 Democratic National Convention keynote addressUnited States Senate election in Illinois, 2004Illinois's 1st congressional district election, 2000

Family: Michelle ObamaMarian Shields RobinsonBoSunnyAnn DunhamBarack Obama, Sr.Lolo SoetoroMadelyn DunhamMaya Soetoro-NgStanley Armour DunhamZeituni OnyangoCraig RobinsonCapers Funnye

Books and Other Publications: The Audacity of HopeDreams from My FatherThe Speech: Race and Barack Obama's "A More Perfect Union"Barack Obama – Der schwarze KennedyThe Obama NationThe Case Against Barack ObamaUnited States Health Care Reform: Progress to Date and Next Steps


Miscellaneous: List of places named after Barack ObamaBarack Obama AcademyCaloplaca obamaeObama DayBarack Obama "Hope" posterObama logoBarack Obama (comic character)Barack Obama assassination plot in DenverBarack Obama assassination plot in Tennessee • "There's No One as Irish as Barack O'Bama" • "Yes We Can" • Nyang’oma KogeloBarack Obama citizenship conspiracy theories

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