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Portal:Barack Obama

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The Barack Obama Portal

A portrait shot of a serious looking middle-aged African-American male looking straight ahead. He has short black hair, and is wearing a dark navy blazer with a blue striped tie over a light blue collared shirt. In the background are two flags hanging from separate flagpoles: an American flag, and one from the Executive Office of the President.

Barack Hussein Obama II (US: /bəˈrɑːk hˈsn ˈbɑːmə/; born August 4, 1961) was the 44th President of the United States, and the first African American to hold the office. Born in Honolulu, Hawaii, Obama is a graduate of Columbia University and Harvard Law School, where he served as president of the Harvard Law Review. He was a community organizer in Chicago before earning his law degree. He worked as a civil rights attorney and taught constitutional law at University of Chicago Law School from 1992 to 2004. He served three terms representing the 13th District in the Illinois Senate from 1997 to 2004, running unsuccessfully for the United States House of Representatives in 2000.

In 2004, Obama received national attention during his campaign to represent Illinois in the United States Senate with his victory in the March Democratic Party primary, his keynote address at the Democratic National Convention in July, and his election to the Senate in November. He began his presidential campaign in 2007 and, after a close primary campaign against Hillary Clinton in 2008, he won sufficient delegates in the Democratic Party primaries to receive the presidential nomination. He then defeated Republican nominee John McCain in the general election, and was inaugurated as president on January 20, 2009. Nine months after his inauguration, Obama was named the 2009 Nobel Peace Prize laureate.

During his first two years in office, Obama signed into law economic stimulus legislation in response to the Great Recession in the form of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 and the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Reauthorization, and Job Creation Act of 2010. Other major domestic initiatives in his first term included the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, often referred to as "Obamacare"; the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act; and the Don't Ask, Don't Tell Repeal Act of 2010. In foreign policy, Obama ended U.S. military involvement in the Iraq War, increased U.S. troop levels in Afghanistan, signed the New START arms control treaty with Russia, ordered U.S. military involvement in Libya in opposition to Muammar Gaddafi, and ordered the military operation that resulted in the death of Osama bin Laden. In January 2011, the Republicans regained control of the House of Representatives as the Democratic Party lost a total of 63 seats; and, after a lengthy debate over federal spending and whether or not to raise the nation's debt limit, Obama signed the Budget Control Act of 2011 and the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012.

Obama was reelected president in November 2012, defeating Republican nominee Mitt Romney, and was sworn in for a second term on January 20, 2013. During his second term, Obama has promoted domestic policies related to gun control in response to the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting, and has called for greater inclusiveness for LGBT Americans, while his administration has filed briefs which urged the Supreme Court to strike down the Defense of Marriage Act of 1996 and California's Proposition 8 as unconstitutional. In foreign policy, Obama ordered U.S. military intervention in Iraq in response to gains made by the Islamic State after the 2011 withdrawal from Iraq, continued the process of ending U.S. combat operations in Afghanistan, and normalized U.S. relations with Cuba.

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The Barack Obama assassination plot in Tennessee refers to an alleged plot by Paul Schlesselman and Daniel Cowart to assassinate Barack Obama, then the 2008 Democratic Party presidential nominee. The two men, both of whom held strong white supremacist beliefs, spoke of killing Obama during a planned murder spree of 88 African Americans in Tennessee, many of whom were to be young students at an unidentified, predominantly black school.

Schlesselman and Cowart were arrested October 22 and found to be in possession of several weapons. The men told authorities of their planned assassination and killing spree, and said they intended to rob a gun store for additional weapons and perform home robberies to help fund the murders. Although the United States Secret Service said they were taking the plot seriously, authorities said they have not yet determined how capable the duo were of carrying out the alleged plot. Both plotters are currently on trial for charges of threatening to kill a presidential candidate, among other related charges.

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Barack Obama in a dark suit stroking his chin, sitting back in a brown chair, with others seated on either side of him.
Credit: Pete Souza
Barack Obama reflects during an economic meeting with advisors in the Roosevelt Room on March 15, 2009.

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Wikinews Barack Obama category
  • April 2: Israel approves first West Bank settlement in over 20 years
  • January 23: Donald Trump inaugurated as 45th U.S. president
  • January 13: Putin calls US troops in Poland 'a threat'
  • January 13: Obama surprises 'brother' Joe Biden with Presidential Medal of Freedom
  • January 12: U.S. President Obama's farewell address focuses on accomplishment
  • December 31: U.S. responds to Russian election hacking with expulsions, sanctions
  • November 6: On the campaign trail in the USA, October 2016
  • October 21: On the campaign trail in the USA, September 2016
  • September 23: On the campaign trail in the USA, August 2016
  • August 23: On the campaign trail in the USA, July 2016
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Presidency: Timeline (2009)Timeline (2010)First 100 daysForeign policyPolitical positionsPublic imageJudicial appointmentsPresidential transitionCabinet confirmationsSupreme Court candidatesSpeech to Congress (2009)InaugurationUnofficial inauguration eventsWe Are One: The Obama Inaugural Celebration at the Lincoln MemorialBarack Obama Presidential Library and Museum

2008 campaign: 2008 presidential election2008 presidential election timeline2008 Campaign endorsements2008 presidential primary campaignVictory speech (2008)Jeremiah Wright controversyBill Ayers controversyEndorsement by Oprah WinfreyRepublican and conservative supportNewspaper endorsementsInauguration invitations2008 Democratic National Convention • "A More Perfect Union" • 2008 campaign staff membersEndorsements from state, local and territory officialsResults of the 2008 Democratic Party presidential primariesOpinion polling for 2008 electionComparison of candidatesCongressional endorsementsInternational reactionOpinion polling for 2008 Democratic Party candidatesSouth Carolina Democratic primary, 2008United States presidential election in Iowa, 2008

Career: Electoral history of Barack ObamaEarly life and careerU.S. Senate careerIllinois Senate careerIllinois Senate electionsBills sponsored in U.S. Senate2004 Democratic National Convention keynote addressUnited States Senate election in Illinois, 2004Illinois's 1st congressional district election, 2000

Family: Michelle ObamaMarian Shields RobinsonBoSunnyAnn DunhamBarack Obama, Sr.Lolo SoetoroMadelyn DunhamMaya Soetoro-NgStanley Armour DunhamZeituni OnyangoCraig RobinsonCapers Funnye

Books and Other Publications: The Audacity of HopeDreams from My FatherThe Speech: Race and Barack Obama's "A More Perfect Union"Barack Obama – Der schwarze KennedyThe Obama NationThe Case Against Barack ObamaUnited States Health Care Reform: Progress to Date and Next Steps


Miscellaneous: List of places named after Barack ObamaBarack Obama AcademyCaloplaca obamaeObama DayBarack Obama "Hope" posterObama logoBarack Obama (comic character)Barack Obama assassination plot in DenverBarack Obama assassination plot in Tennessee • "There's No One as Irish as Barack O'Bama" • "Yes We Can" • Nyang’oma KogeloBarack Obama citizenship conspiracy theories

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