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Baden-Württemberg (/ˈbɑːdən vɜːrtəmˌbɜːrɡ/; German pronunciation: [ˌbaːdn̩ˈvʏʁtm̩bɛʁk]) is a state of Germany located in the southwest, east of the Upper Rhine. It is Germany’s third largest state in terms of size and population, with an area of 35,751 square kilometres (13,804 sq mi) and 10.8 million inhabitants. The state capital and largest city is Stuttgart, one of Germany’s most important cities. The sobriquet Ländle ("small land" or "dear land" in the local dialect) is sometimes used as a synonym for Baden-Württemberg.

Today's Baden-Württemberg is formed from the historical territories of Baden, Prussian Hohenzollern, and the Württemberg part of Swabia.

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Selected article

Bollenhut, Gutach

A Bollenhut is a formal headdress worn since about c.1750 by Protestant women as part of their local costume or Tracht in the three neighbouring Black Forest villages of Gutach, Kirnbach and Hornberg-Reichenbach. With its woollen pompoms, the picturesque-looking red Bollenhut has become a symbol of the Black Forest as a whole, despite its very local origins. The red pom-poms and white brim of the Bollenhut also is said to have inspired the top layer of the Black Forest Cake.

The broad-brimmed, whitewashed straw hat bears 14 prominent, woollen, pompoms arranged in the shape of a cross. Only eleven pompoms are visible, however, because three are covered by those on top. Spinsters wear red pompoms, married women wear black. The Bollenhut can weigh up to 2 kilogrammes and is manufactured by female milliners. The red Bollenhut may first be worn by girls at their confirmation.

Today the Bollenhut and associated Tracht are still worn on holidays and for traditional events. The Bollenhut and local costumes may be seen all year round e.g. in the Black Forest Costume Museum in Haslach im Kinzigtal.

Selected biography

Robert Bosch

Robert Bosch (23 September 1861 – 12 March 1942) was a German industrialist, engineer and inventor, founder of Robert Bosch GmbH. Bosch was born in Albeck, a village to the northeast of Ulm in southern Germany. He was the eleventh of twelve children. His parents came from a class of well-situated farmers from the region. His father, a freemason, was unusually well-educated for someone of his class, and placed special importance on a good education for his children. As a child, Robert liked to try and invent, he would fuss with little electric or mechanical toys and make something different out of them. He saw potential for himself to become an inventor and later studied quantum mechanics. From 1869 to 1876, Bosch attended the Realschule (secondary-technical school) in Ulm, and then took an apprenticeship as a precision mechanic.

State facts

  • Nickname: Ländle
  • Capital: Stuttgart
  • Minister-president: Winfried Kretschmann
  • Governing parties: Greens / CDU
  • Total area: 35,751 km2 (13,804 sq mi)
  • Population: 10,879,618 (2015)
  • Founded: April 25, 1952
  • Website: www.baden-wuerttemberg.de

Selected picture

Marketplace in Heidelberg
Credit: Eckhard Henkel
Marketplace in Heidelberg, with Town Hall on the right.

Did you know?

Stuttgart Wilhelma 1900.jpg
  • ...that the Wilhelma in Stuttgart is Europe's only large combined zoological and botanical garden, and is home to over 8,000 animals representing more than 1,000 different species, as well as more than 5,000 species of plants..
  • ...that Albert Einstein was born in the Kingdom of Württemberg? Einstein is best known in popular culture for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2. He received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics for his "services to theoretical physics".


Selected panorama

Pfahlbaumuseum Unteruhldingen on Lake Constance
Credit: Norbert Kaiser

Pfahlbaumuseum Unteruhldingen (German for 'Stilt house museum') is an archaeological open-air museum on Lake Constance (Bodensee) in Unteruhldingen, Germany, consisting of reconstructions of stilt houses or lake dwellings from the Neolithic Stone Age and Bronze Age.


Cities: FreiburgHeidelbergHeilbronnKarlsruheMannheimPforzheimReutlingenStuttgartUlm

Politics of Baden-Württemberg: List of Ministers-President of Baden-WürttembergBundesverfassungsgerichtDemokratische VolksparteiLandtag

Economy: Daimler AGEnBWHeidelberger DruckmaschinenHugo BossMercedes BenzPorscheRobert Bosch GmbH

History of Baden-Württemberg: List of Ministers-President of Baden-WürttembergKingdom of WürttembergGrand Duchy of BadenHohenzollernWürttemberg-Baden

Symbols: Coat of arms of Baden-WürttembergFlag of Baden-WürttembergBadnerlied

Languages and culture: Alemannic dialectsSwabian GermanSwabian-Alemannic FastnachtKehrwocheBollenhut

The Kaiserstuhl hills including the Totenkopf.

Badische LandesbibliothekBibliotheca Palatina

WeißenhofsiedlungStuttgarter FernsehturmVitra Design Museum

Hochschule für Gestaltung UlmStaatsgalerie StuttgartStaatliche Kunsthalle KarlsruheZKM

BlautopfSource of the DanubeDanube SinkholeBlack Forest National ParkTriberg Waterfalls

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