Portal:Austria

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The Austria Portal

Topographical map of Austria

Austria (/ˈɒstriə/ (About this sound listen), /ˈɔːs-/; German: Österreich [ˈøːstɐraɪç] (About this sound listen)), officially the Republic of Austria (German: Republik Österreich, About this sound listen ), is a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe. It is bordered by the Czech Republic and Germany to the north, Hungary and Slovakia to the east, Slovenia and Italy to the south, and Switzerland and Liechtenstein to the west. The territory of Austria covers 83,879 km2 (32,386 sq mi). The terrain is highly mountainous, lying within the Alps; only 32% of the country is below 500 m (1,640 ft), and its highest point is 3,798 m (12,461 ft). The majority of the population speaks local Bavarian dialects of German as their native language, and German in its standard form is the country's official language. Other local official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.

The sovereign state of Austria is a federal republic with a parliamentary representative democracy comprising nine federated states. The capital and largest city, with a population exceeding 1.8 million, is Vienna. Other major urban areas of Austria include Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck. Austria is consistently ranked as one of the richest countries in the world by per capita GDP terms. The country has developed a high standard of living and in 2018 was ranked 20th in the world for its Human Development Index. The republic declared its perpetual neutrality in foreign political affairs in 1955. Austria has been a member of the United Nations since 1955, joined the European Union in 1995, and is a founder of the OECD. Austria also signed the Schengen Agreement in 1995, and adopted the euro currency in 1999.

Selected article

Semmering railway (1900)

The Semmering railway, which starts at Gloggnitz and leads over the Semmering to Mürzzuschlag was the first mountain railway in Europe built with a standard gauge track. It is commonly referred to as the world's first true mountain railway, given the very difficult terrain and the considerable altitude difference that was mastered during its construction. It is still fully functional as a part of the former Austrian Southern Railway which is now part of the Austrian Federal Railways.

The Semmering railway was constructed between 1848 and 1854 by some 20,000 workers under the project's designer and director Carl von Ghega. In 1998 the railway was added to the list of the UNESCO World Heritage sites.

Selected image

Palace and gardens of Schönbrunn

Selected biography

Rosa Mayreder (1905)

Rosa Mayreder (30 November 1858, Vienna - 19 January 1938, Vienna) was a freethinker, author, painter, musician and feminist.

Mayreder published two influential works, Zur Kritik der Weiblichkeit (To Critics of Femininity) (1905, published in English as A Survey of the Woman Problem, 1912) and Geschlecht und Kultur (Sex and Culture) (1923). The latter work, which criticised the double standard and discrimination against women, was translated into English. She also published an autobiography, Das Haus in der Landskrongasse.

During the First World War Mayreder engaged in the peace movement and became in 1919 the chairman of the "Internationale Frauenliga für Frieden und Freiheit" (International Women's League for Peace and Liberty, IFFF).

Quotes

Austria news

Wikinews Austria portal
  • June 13: Tennis: Nadal beats Thiem to win eleventh French Open title
  • October 16: Austrian People's Party wins majority national election, Sebastian Kurz to become world's youngest national leader at 31
  • December 24: Austrian cellist, conductor Heinrich Schiff dies
  • December 7: PIA flight crashes near Havelian, Pakistan
  • June 25: UEFA Euro 2016, day 13: Iceland-Austria, Hungary-Poland, Italy-Republic of Ireland and Sweden-Belgium
  • June 19: UEFA Euro 2016, day 9: Belgium-Republic of Ireland, Iceland-Hungary, Portugal-Austria
  • June 16: UEFA Euro 2016, days 4 and 5: three wins, two draws
  • December 14: UEFA Euro 16 draw takes place in Paris
  • October 22: Former Miss Austria Ena Kadic dies after mountain fall
  • August 29: Four men go before Hungarian court after 71 found dead in lorry
More Austria news...

Did you know...

  • ... that the first record showing the name "Austria" is from 996 where it is written as Ostarrîchi, referring to the territory of the Babenberg March?
  • ... that Austria currently produces more than half of its electricity by hydropower?

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