Portal:Arizona

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Arizona (/ɛrɪˈznə/ (About this sound listen); /ærɪˈznə/) ([Hoozdo Hahoodzo] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help); O'odham: Alĭ ṣonak) is a state of the United States, located in the southwestern region of the country. Arizona is also part of the Western United States and of the Mountain West states. Arizona is the sixth most extensive and the 16th most populous of the 50 states. Its capital and largest city is Phoenix. The second largest city is Tucson, followed in population by eight cities of the Phoenix metropolitan area: Mesa, Glendale, Chandler, Scottsdale, Gilbert, Tempe, Peoria, and Surprise.

Arizona is the 48th state and last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union, having achieved statehood on February 14, 1912. Arizona is noted for its desert climate in its southern half, where there are very hot summers and quite mild winters. The northern half of Arizona also features forests of pine, Douglas fir, and spruce trees, a very large, high plateau (the Colorado Plateau) and some mountain ranges—such as the San Francisco Mountains—as well as large, deep canyons, where there is much more moderate weather for three seasons of the year, plus significant snowfalls. There are ski resorts in the areas of Flagstaff and Alpine. Arizona is one of the Four Corners states. Arizona has borders with New Mexico, Utah, Nevada, California, and Mexico, and it has one point in common with the southwestern corner of Colorado. Arizona has a 389-mile (626 km)-long international border with the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California.

Arizona is one of the most populous landlocked states of the United States. In addition to the Grand Canyon National Park, several national forests, national parks, and national monuments are located in Arizona. About one-quarter of Arizona is federal land that serves as the home of the Navajo Nation; the Hopi tribe; the Tohono O'odham; the Apache tribe; the Yaqui peoples; and various Yuman tribes, such as the Yavapai people, the Quechan people, and the Hualapai people.

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Anasazi food storage building ruins at Tusayan Pueblo.
The known history of the Grand Canyon area stretches back 10,500 years when the first evidence for human presence in the area started. Native Americans have been living at Grand Canyon and in the area now covered by Grand Canyon National Park for at least the last 4,000 of those years. Anasazi, first as the Basketmaker culture and later as the more familiar Puebleoans, developed from the Desert Culture as they became less nomadic and more dependent on agriculture. A similar culture, the Cohonina, also lived in the canyon area. Drought in the late 13th century was the likely cause for both cultures to move on. Other cultures followed, including the Paiutes, Cerbat, and the Navajo, only to be later forced onto reservations by the United States Government. Under direction by conquistador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado to find the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola, Captain García López de Cárdenas led a party of Spanish soldiers with Hopi guides to the Grand Canyon in September of 1540. Not finding what they were looking for, they left. Over 200 years passed before two Spanish priests became the second party of non-Native Americans to see the canyon.

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Arizona cap canal
Credit: United States Bureau of Reclamation

The Central Arizona Project Aqueduct is a diversion canal in Arizona in the United States. The aqueduct diverts water from the Colorado River from Lake Havasu City into central and southern Arizona. The Central Arizona Project is a multipurpose water resource development and management project that was designed to provide water to nearly one million acres (4,000 km²) of Indian and non-Indian irrigated agricultural land areas as well as municipal water for several Arizona communities.

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  • ...that the Baptist Foundation of Arizona (BFA) filed for the largest bankruptcy of a religious organization in U.S. history after its 600 million dollar fraud went undetected by the same Big Five firm that audited Enron?




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Major Frederick Russell Burnham, DSO
Frederick Russell Burnham, DSO (May 11, 1861September 1, 1947), was an American scout and world traveling adventurer best known for his service as Chief of Scouts to the British Army in Colonial Africa and for teaching woodcraft (i.e., scoutcraft) to Robert Baden-Powell, becoming one of the inspirations to the founding of the Scouting Movement. But much earlier in his life, Burnham worked as a cowboy and a hired gun in Arizona for the losing side of the Pleasant Valley War, the most violent of the range wars. Marked for death and almost killed by a bounty hunter, he made the difficult journey out of Globe and hid out in Tombstone. In the 1880s in Arizona, he fought against the Apache, was hired as a scout for the U.S. Army in the Geronimo champaign, worked the mines, guarded Wells Fargo shipments, and became a professional hunter. Burnham is also known for having worked with Arizona boy scouts in 1936 on a state-wide campaign to save the Bighorn Sheep. This effort led to the establishment of two federally protected bighorn game ranges in Arizona, which Burnham himself dedicated in 1939: Kofa National Wildlife Refuge and Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge. His son was captain of the University of Arizona football team (1905-1908), and several of his descendants still reside in Arizona. His grandson, Russell Adam Burnham, is a Tucson native and was the U.S. Army's Soldier of the Year in 2003, and the U.S. Army Medical Corps NCO of the Year in 2007.

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  • October 27: United States Senator Jeff Flake announces retirement, citing 'profoundly misguided' party politics
  • July 25: Linkin Park's lead singer Chester Bennington dies at 41
  • June 27: Colombia beats USA 1-0 for 2016 Copa América bronze
  • June 5: Boxing great Muhammed Ali dies aged 74
  • March 28: Planned Parenthood asks Arizona federal judge for injunction
  • May 7: Solar powered plane completes first leg of transcontinental trip
  • April 29: Australian Jesse Williams drafted in fifth round by the NFL's Seattle Seahawks
  • February 7: Reports of at least fourteen dead this week due to gun-related suicides in the United States

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